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Novi Avion


Multirole 4th Generation Aircraft Proposal


Yugoslavia | 1992



"The Novi Avion was a planned multi-role platform set to form the backbone of indigenous military aircraft design in Yugoslavia."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/17/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Novi Avion ("New Aircraft") was a Yugoslavian effort to produce a home-grown supersonic multi-role aircraft on par with the global 4th Generation fighters of the time. It shared many similarities with the French-based Dassault Rafale and may have proven itself a capable performer. The Novi Avion was intended to replace the aging fleet of Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 "Fishbed" and SOKO J-21 "Jastreb" aircraft. Unfortunately for the project, the aircraft was cancelled in whole in 1991 when Yugoslavia ceased to be a nation, about one year before the Avion was scheduled to make its maiden flight.

The Avion began life in the 1980s as Yugoslavia was looking to become more independent in terms of its military equipment procurement. Strides were made along other fronts for both the army and the navy and the one major component that the nation lacked was in the availability of an indigenous fighter design. Work on such a project took place at Vazduhoplovno Tehnicki Institut (VTI) in Belgrade.

Avionics centered around a digital flight control system, fire-control radar and a navigation-attack system tied to multi-function displays in the "all-glass" cockpit. Externally, the Avion mimicked the Dassault Rafale to an extent. The cockpit was held forward in the fuselage, aft of a sharply-pointed nose cone containing the radar. The large-area delta wings took on high sweep and a bulk of the underwing stores. Canards were set forward just above the intake openings. Intakes to feed the single engine were split along either side of the lower fuselage, the openings placed just aft of the cockpit. The tail was adorned with a single vertical tail fin. The fuselage was capped by a single exhaust nozzle. The cockpit provided the pilot with good all-around visibility. Construction of the airframe was mostly of composites. In all, the Novi Avion was a sleek design worthy of a 4th Generation jet fighter.

From its single French-based SNECMA M88 turbofan, it was projected that the Avion could reach speeds of up to Mach 1.88 and 1,243 miles per hour. Range would have been 2,339 miles with a service ceiling of 55,775 feet at a 16,500 meters per minute rate-of-climb. The selection of the M88 is of particular note for it is the same powerplant used in the Dassault Rafale.

Armament was to have centered around the Avion's 11 hardpoints (including two wingtip positions) and would run the bevy of standard air-to-air missiles, air-to-surface missiles, laser-guided bombs, conventional bombs and rocket pods - these most likely of French origin. Standard armament was a single 30mm internal cannon.

Sortie-wise, it was envisioned that the Avion would have tackled a myriad of combat roles in its multi-role category including anti-ship and ground attack. Its primary service would have been in the interception and air superiority roles.

Everything for the Avion - and Yugoslavia - changed in 1991 however. Internal warfare and political upheaval all contributed to the demise of the nation and the project in tow. War ensued and ended up in the division of Yugoslavia into the countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia (Kosovo now partially independent) and Slovenia. Needless to say, the legacy of the Novi Avion died with Yugoslavia leaving the possibilities of this home-grown fighter system to the imagination.

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Cockpit
While traditional jobs involve workstations, office desks, or cubicles, aircraft provide operators with their own unique, ever-changing view of the world below.
Cockpit image
[ Click to Enlarge ]
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Novi Avion Multirole 4th Generation Aircraft Proposal.
1 x SNECMA M88 afterburning turbofan engine developing up to 17,000 lb.
Propulsion
1,243 mph
2,000 kph | 1,080 kts
Max Speed
55,774 ft
17,000 m | 11 miles
Service Ceiling
2,339 miles
3,765 km | 2,033 nm
Operational Range
54,133 ft/min
16,500 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Novi Avion Multirole 4th Generation Aircraft Proposal.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
45.1 ft
13.75 m
O/A Length
26.2 ft
(8.00 m)
O/A Width
16.0 ft
(4.87 m)
O/A Height
13,772 lb
(6,247 kg)
Empty Weight
29,542 lb
(13,400 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Novi Avion Multirole 4th Generation Aircraft Proposal .
STANDARD:
1 x 30mm internal automatic cannon.

OPTIONAL:
Air-to-Surface Missiles.
Anti-Ship Missiles.
Rocket Pods.
Laser-Guided Bombs.
Conventional Drop Bombs.
Reconnaissance Pods.
Jammer Pods.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Novi Avion family line.
Novi Avion - Developmental Series Designation (not official military designation); fitting French-made SNECMA M88 series turbofan with afterburner; 1 x 30mm cannon; production of prototype halted in 1991 with project cancellation.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Novi Avion. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Vazduhoplovno Tehnicki Institut (VTI) - Yugoslavia
National flag of Yugoslavia

[ Yugoslavia (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 1300mph
Lo: 650mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (1,243mph).

Graph Average of 975 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Postwar
Modern
Future
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Image of the Novi Avion
High-angled right side view of the Novi Avion; color
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Image of the Novi Avion
Right underside view of the Novi Avion; color
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Image of the Novi Avion
Cut-away view of the Novi Avion; note single under-fuselage intake

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
INTERCEPTION
ANTI-SHIP
RECONNAISSANCE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Novi Avion Multirole 4th Generation Aircraft Proposal appears in the following collections:
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