Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter)

Jet-Powered Night Fighter / Night Bomber

Nazi Germany | 1945

"The Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager was a proposed nightfighter design featuring a three-man crew in a pressurized cockpit as well as extensive cannon armament."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter) Jet-Powered Night Fighter / Night Bomber.
2 x Heinkel HeS 011 turbines developing 2,865 lb of thrust each.
503 mph
810 kph | 437 kts
Max Speed
44,619 ft
13,600 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
851 miles
1,370 km | 740 nm
Operational Range
38 ft/min
12 m/min
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter) Jet-Powered Night Fighter / Night Bomber.
42.7 ft
13.00 m
O/A Length
60.4 ft
(18.40 m)
O/A Width
22,487 lb
(10,200 kg)
Empty Weight
29,101 lb
(13,200 kg)
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter) Jet-Powered Night Fighter / Night Bomber .
STANDARD (Proposed):
2 x 30mm MK 108 fixed, forward-firing cannons in nose.
2 x 30mm MK 108 fixed, rear-firing cannons in tail
2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in oblique, upward-firing position in fuselage.

OPTIONAL (Proposed):
2 x 1,100lb bombs under fuselage.
Notable series variants as part of the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter) family line.
NJ-1 ("Nacht Jager") - Base Project Designation
Projeckt I - Alternative Project Name
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/23/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Project NJ-1 "Nacht Jager 1" ("Night Hunter 1") was put forth by the Arado concern of Germany during the latter stages of World War 2 to fulfill a Luftwaffe requirement for a new jet-powered night fighter. The aircraft was to be a multi-crew aircraft powered by two engines for the fast speeds required and promote strong maneuverability when engaging incoming enemy forces. The Luftwaffe need was also met by competing designs from Blohm and Voss, Dornier, Focke-Wulf and Gotha. Despite the interest, the requirement was eventually cancelled due to the declining war situation for Germany and, of the designs submitted, only the Blohm and Voss aircraft was furthered through a prototype contract prior to war's end, this becoming the Bv P.215.

As a night fighter, the NJ-1 had to fulfill various qualities for the Luftwaffe - speed, control, armament and reaction. Speed would be managed by its selection of jet propulsion which still proved an infant technology this late in the war. Control was to be provided through ailerons, elevators and split flaps found about the wing structures as well as small vertical fins. Armament followed the German belief that autocannons were the answer when attempting to bring down the large bombers of the Allies. Reaction meant that the aircraft would be able to respond quickly to incoming formations of Allied bombers, able to go airborne in short order and reach the necessary altitude before engaging through armament and the element of surprise. Direction-finding would be radios and tracking by way of radar. As such, the workload would be spread across the three-man crew.

Arado engineers elected for a swept wing, tailless design incorporated side-by-side cockpit seating for its three crew (it is assumed only two would be side-by-side with the third in a rear, rear-facing cockpit to handle the defensive weaponry). The twin engine arrangement was also a side-by-side installment and these fitted under the aft portion of the aircraft's fuselage. Small vertical tail fins were added at each trailing edge for control. The cockpit canopy was lightly framed for good vision and the aircraft would have been one of greater dimensions than the Luftwaffe anticipated to be able to house the required large-caliber armament and side-by-side seating for the crew. The undercarriage was to be of a tricycle arrangement with two main legs and a nose leg, all single-wheeled and retractable. The powerplant of choice was 2 x HeS 011 series turbines developing 2,865lbs of thrust each. Other integral systems included radio, search radar, a pressurized cockpit for high-altitude flying and ejection seats for crew survival.

As an offensive-minded night hunter, the NJ-1's armament was centered around cannons. Proposed armament was 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in the nose along with 2 x 30mm MK 108 obliquely-mounted (upward-firing) in the fuselage and 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in the tail facing rear as a defensive measure. The oblique cannons were of note, allowing the aircraft to fly up under an enemy bomber and fire upon its most vulnerable position. The aircraft was also slated to carry 2 x 1,100lb bombs for night bombing sorties.

Despite not officially selected, the NJ-1 submission was looked over by Luftwaffe officials and found wanting in several key areas: Authorities felt that the engines would not be properly aspirated (leading to lower thrust output than anticipated) being mounted so far aft in the design and with so short a ductwork length for the intake. Additionally, the vertical control surfaces were deemed too small for proper controlling of such a large aircraft.

The design work for the NJ-1 eventually fell to the advancing Soviet forces when the Arado works came under their control outside of Berlin during March of 1945. No physical mockups or prototypes of the night fighter were ever completed, the NJ-1 existing only in its presented paper form.

From these plans, dimensions included a wingspan over 60.4 feet and a length near 43 feet. Estimated empty weight was 22,490lbs with a Maximum Take-Off Weight of 29,100lbs. Performance from the twin engine output was estimated with a cruising speed of approximately 330 miles per hour and a maximum overall speed of 505 miles per hour. Its service ceiling was envisioned to be near 44,625 feet with a rate-of-climb of about 38 feet per minute reported. Range was an optimistic 850 miles.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Arado Flugzeugwerke - Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Nazi Germany ]
1 / 1
Image of the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Going Further...
The Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter) Jet-Powered Night Fighter / Night Bomber appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country World War Next

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)