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Arado Ar E.560


Medium-Range Tactical Bomber Aircraft


Nazi Germany | 1945



"The Arado E.560 would have been an impressive addition for the German Luftwaffe of World War 2 had it been completed before the end of the war in 1945."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/26/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Arado E.560 series of developmental high-speed jet bombers saw a large evolution on paper. Design of the platform centered around the closing days of the Second World War and showed the extent to which the Germans were planning on utilizing the relatively newfound technology of the turbojet to deliver munitions against Allied targets through unquestioned speed and cutting edge design. Fortunately for the Allies, many of these systems fell by the wayside as Germany was playing a defensive game by war's end. The E.560 was such an idea, developed in the closing weeks of World War 2 - that any information on the machine survived is a bonus.

From an external perspective, it becomes easy to see the similarities inherent in the E.560 design, showcasing much the same look as the more famous Arado jet product - the Ar 234 "Blitz" - a single-seat twin engine reconnaissance/bomber aircraft that actually saw production by war's end. The E.560 showed off a similar glazed cockpit at the extreme forward of the fuselage and contained a seating arrangement for two personnel in a pressurized cockpit (for high-altitude work). The engines were held under each wing and differed by developmental model (described in better detail later in this article). Wings were of a swept-back variety which in itself was becoming quite a revolutionary step towards the modern jet fighter. A tricycle undercarriage landing gear system also figured prominently into the design. The Arado Ar E.560 series was envisioned - and classified - as a high-speed tactical bomber of medium range capability, able to mount a substantial internal bomb load. Other unique design features included communications equipment and automatic course correction systems.

The Arado E.560/2 series would have featured twin BMW 803 series double radial piston engines rated at about 4,000 horsepower each. Each engine would power twin contra-rotating blades and develop a maximum speed of well over 500 miles per hour. This initial model was designed with a T-style tail assembly and the base two-man cockpit. The Arado E.560/4 was next in line though this time, the design featured 4 x BMW brand 003E turbojet engines rated at 2,646lbs of thrust each - two engines per wing. The tail was redesigned to feature a more traditional empennage though most everything else of the base E.560/2 remained the same.

The next 560 model of note became the E.560/7 featuring 2 x BMW 028 turboprop engines rated at 6,200 horsepower each - one engine to a wing. This was followed by the truly ambitious E.560/8 which sported an impressive 6 x BMW 003 series turbojet engines at 1,984lbs of thrust a piece. Two engines would have been clusters inboard near the wing root with single engine mountings held outboard. A bulged bomb bay is also noteworthy here. The final design model of note became the E.560/11. This aircraft sported 4 x BMW 018 model turbojet engines at 5,071lbs of thrust apiece, the aforementioned two-man cockpit, single vertical tail surface and swept-back wings. Each wing held two engines apiece. This particular model also focused more in on defensive armament and included twin forward-firing fixed MG 151/20mm cannons, 2 x rear-firing fixed MG 151/20 cannons and a remote controlled MG 151 20mm cannon fired via a periscope (similar to the tail armament of the Arado Ar 234 mentioned at the top of the article). By the time of this design, the bomb load was an impressive 8,818lbs of internal ordnance.

It is hard to say with any level of certainty how the Arado E.560 would have fared in any of these forms. The Ar 234 was a relatively successful foray into the world of turbojet power and met with modest success in the closing months of service that it had so it leads one to believe that the potential in the Ar E.560 could actually be achieved should more time been given to development of the project. In any case, with Germany on its heels, machines such as this potentially war-changing high-speed bomber might have played a great role in disrupting the advances of the Allied cause. At any rate, the E.560 would go down as many of the "what-if" products proposed by the Reich throughout the war and - more specifically - in the closing months of the great conflict. For certain, the air war would have taken on a whole new look might these machines ever have squared off with the Allied offerings available at the time.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Arado Ar E.560/2 Medium-Range Tactical Bomber Aircraft.
2 x BMW 803 double-radial engines developing 4,000 horsepower each (some versions being planned with turbojet engines instead).
Propulsion
553 mph
890 kph | 481 kts
Max Speed
1,553 miles
2,500 km | 1,350 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Arado Ar E.560/2 Medium-Range Tactical Bomber Aircraft.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
62.7 ft
19.10 m
O/A Length
59.1 ft
(18.00 m)
O/A Width
41,447 lb
(18,800 kg)
MTOW
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Arado Ar E.560 Medium-Range Tactical Bomber Aircraft .
E.560/2:
Up to 5,120lb of internal ordnance / drop bombs.

E.560/4:
Up to 6,614lb of internal ordnance / drop bombs.

E.560/7:
Up to 8,818lb of internal ordnance / drop bombs.

E.560/8:
Up to 6,614lb of internal ordnance / drop bombs.

E.560/11:
2 x MG 151 20mm cannons in fixed-forward nose position
2 x MG 151 20mm cannons in fixed-rear aft position
1 x MG 151 20mm cannon in remote-controlled tail position (periscope).
Up to 8,818lb of internal ordnance / drop bombs.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Arado Ar E.560 family line.
E.560/2 - Contra-rotating propellers; 2 x BMW 803 double radial engines in two nacelles.
E.560/4 - 4 x BMW 003E series turbojet engines (2,646lbs thrust each); 2 x MK 103 30mm cannons in fixed-forward nose position; 2 x fixed-firing rear cannons; 1 x remote-controlled tail cannon; 6,614lb maximun internal ordnance capacity.
E.560/7 - 2 x BMW 028 turboprop engines (6,200hp each); 8,818lbs internal ordnance capacity.
E.560/8 - 6 x BMW 003 turbojet engines (1,984lbs thrust each); 6,614lb internal ordnance capacity.
E.560/11 - Swept-Back Wings; 4 x BMW 018 turbojet engines (5,071lbs thrust each); 8,818lbs internal ordnance capacity; 2 x MG 151 20mm fixed-forward nose cannon with 200 rounds; 2 x MG 151 20mm cannons in aft fuselage position with 200 rounds; 1 x MG 151 20mm cannon in remote-controlled tail turret position (periscope-controlled).
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Arado Ar E.560. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Arado Flugzeugwerke - Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Nazi Germany ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (553mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Future
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Image of the Arado Ar E.560
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Arado Ar E.560 Medium-Range Tactical Bomber Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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