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Yakovlev Yak-3


Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft


Soviet Union | 1944



"The capabilities of the new Yakovlev Yak-3 came as a nasty shock to the German Luftwaffe over Soviet skies in World War 2."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Yakovlex Yak-3 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft.
1 x Klimov VK-105PF-2 piston engine developing 1,300 horsepower.
Propulsion
407 mph
655 kph | 354 kts
Max Speed
35,105 ft
10,700 m | 7 miles
Service Ceiling
559 miles
900 km | 486 nm
Operational Range
4,265 ft/min
1,300 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Yakovlex Yak-3 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
27.9 ft
8.49 m
O/A Length
30.2 ft
(9.20 m)
O/A Width
7.9 ft
(2.42 m)
O/A Height
4,641 lb
(2,105 kg)
Empty Weight
5,864 lb
(2,660 kg)
MTOW
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Yakovlev Yak-3 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft .
STANDARD:
1 x 20mm ShVAK cannon firing through propeller hub.
2 x 12.7mm Berezin UBS machine guns synchronized in the upper nose fuselage.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Yakovlev Yak-3 family line.
Yak-3 - Base Production Series Designation
Yak-3 (VK-107A) - Fitted with Klimov VK-107A series engine of 1,650 horsepower; 2 x 20mm Berezin B-20 cannons.
Yak-3 (VK-108) - Based on the VK-107A model series; fitted with VK-108 series engine; 1 x 23mm Nudelmann-Suranov NS-23 cannon.
Yak-3K - "Tank Buster" Model; limited production; fitted with 1 x 45mm Nudelmann-Suranov NS-45 cannon.
Yak-3P - fitted with 3 x 20mm Berezin B-20 cannons.
Yak-3PD - Single Experimental High-Altitude Variant; fitted with Klimov VK-105PD engine; 1 x 23mm Nudelmann-Suranov NS-23 cannon.
Yak-3RD (Yak-3D) - Single Experimental Aircraft; fitted with Glushko RD-1 liquid-fuel rocket engine of 650lbf; 1 x 23mm Nudelmann-Suranov NS023 cannon.
Yak-3T - Single Prototype Example; "tank buster" model; fitted with 1 x 37mm Nudelmann type N-37 cannon and 2 x 20mm Berezin B-20S cannons.
Yak-3T-57 - Single Production Example; fitted with 57mm OKB-16-57 cannon; based on the Yak-3T model series.
Yak-3TK - fitted with exhaust turbocharger; powered by VK-107A series engine.
Yak-3U - Prototype Model; 2 x 20mm cannons; powered by Shvetsov ASh-82FN radial engine of 1,380 horsepower; increased wingspan.
Yak-3UTI - Two-Seat Conversion Trainer Model; fitted with Shvetsov ASh-21 radial piston engine; basis for Yak-11 series.


Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/10/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

The Yakovlev Yak-3 was a further development of the Yak-1 series of fighters (detailed elsewhere on this site) and was well renowned for possessing an impressive rate of climb and unmatched maneuverability. The system appeared in 1944 and, though it was eventually superceded by other more capably designs, many Yak-3 pilots still preferred these aircraft regardless. In end, nearly 5,000 of the type would roll off of Soviet assembly lines and onto war against the Luftwaffe.

In its most basic form, the Yak-3 was basically a lightened form of the preceding Yak-1, specifically the Yak-1M development. Though it maintained some of the same design elements, the Yak-3 was truly the better aircraft and first flew in 1943. The cockpit was mounted forward in the fuselage and provided the pilot a better view through its three piece bubble canopy. Wings were slightly forward of their original placement in the Yak-1 yet the Yak-3 maintained the signature air scoop underneath the fuselage characteristic of the series. Armament consisted of 1 single 20mm ShVAK type cannon firing through the propeller hub and an additional 2 x 12.7 Berezin UBS type heavy caliber machine guns in the upper fuselage sides over the engine. These machine guns were synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller.

In combat, the Yak-3 proved its worth almost immediately as it arrived. It maintained a stellar kill-to-loss ratio over Luftwaffe fighters and held the upper hand in most engagements thanks to its inherent capabilities and powerful armament. The addition of the Klimov VK-107 1,700 horsepower engines upped the ante even further as now the Yak-3 was capable of improved top speeds reaching 450 miles per hour. Even when compared against the agile Supermarine Spitfire, it is said that the Yak-3 would hold the advantage in a turning battle - such was the might of this Yakovlev design.

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Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Yakovlev Yak-3. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 4,848 Units

Contractor(s): Yakovlev - Soviet Union
National flag of France National flag of Poland National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Yugoslavia

[ France; Poland; Yugoslavia; Soviet Union ]
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Going Further...
The Yakovlev Yak-3 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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