Aviation & Aerospace Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks U.S. Military Pay Special Forces DoD Dictionary (Alpha-to-Zulu) Military Alphabet Code

Armstrong Whitworth Ensign

Mail Service / Passenger Transport Aircraft

United Kingdom | 1936

"The impressive Armstrong Whitworth Ensign saw only limited production numbers but managed to serve both sides of World War 2."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/12/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The impressive Armstrong Whitworth Ensign AW.27 series was made originally designed to a 1934 British government requirement for an air mail service transport to spearhead an improved method of correspondence to all points of the British Empire. The Armstrong Whitworth design was accepted and development proceeded, albeit at a interrupted pace thanks to the ever-changing requirements as put forth by Imperial Airways. Couple that with early engine reliability issues and the Ensign seems to have been doomed to failure. On the contrary, the system was recognized as a successful design and would see many years of usefulness in commercial and military ventures thanks to its stellar design.

Design of the Ensign was characterized by its smooth lines and high-wing mounting. The cockpit was situated at extreme forward offering up good views past the wings which were seated to the middle of the fuselage, far back from the cockpit. Oval-shaped windows dotted the fuselage sides while the fuselage bottom sagged from nose to tail tip. The main landing gear were housed in the wing roots and consisted of large donut type wheels consistent with large aircraft design of the times. Four engines were placed two to a wing in the leading wing edges and contoured nicely into the wing elements. The empennage was of a traditional layout complete with rounded fin edges. Crew accommodations amounted to five personnel that included the pilot, co-pilot, radio operator and - if needed - two cabin stewards for passenger flight. Depending on the required range, passenger seating numbers fell between 27 and 40 total personnel.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
The AW.27 came in two dominant variants, categorized by the brand of engine fitted to each. The AW.27 Mk I was seen fitted with four Armstrong Siddeley Tiger IXC radial piston engines whilst the AW.27 Mk II model came with four Wright Cyclone GR-1820-G102A radial piston engines. Beyond that, both models were basically similar in design, layout and operation.

The AW.27 series served with the RAF in military service during the Second World War and also appeared in a single captured form with the Vichy French and later the Luftwaffe. With the RAF, the Ensign served with the No. 24 Squadron.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Armstrong Whitworth AW.27 Ensign Mk I Mail Service / Passenger Transport Aircraft.
4 x Wright GR-1820-G102A geared radial piston engines developing 1,100 horsepower each.
205 mph
330 kph | 178 kts
Max Speed
23,950 ft
7,300 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
1,367 miles
2,200 km | 1,188 nm
Operational Range
900 ft/min
274 m/min
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Armstrong Whitworth AW.27 Ensign Mk I Mail Service / Passenger Transport Aircraft.
114.2 ft
34.80 m
O/A Length
123.0 ft
(37.50 m)
O/A Width
23.0 ft
(7.02 m)
O/A Height
35,053 lb
(15,900 kg)
Empty Weight
55,556 lb
(25,200 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Notable series variants as part of the Armstrong Whitworth Ensign family line.
AW.27 Mk I - Fitted with 4 x Armstrong Siddeley Tiger IXC radial piston engines.
AW.27 Mk II - Fitted with 4 x Wright GR-1820-G102A Cyclone radial piston engines.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Armstrong Whitworth Ensign. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 14 Units

Contractor(s): Armstrong Whitworth - UK
National flag of France National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of the United Kingdom

[ France (Vichy French); Nazi Germany; United Kingdom ]
1 / 1
Image of the Armstrong Whitworth Ensign

Going Further...
The Armstrong Whitworth Ensign Mail Service / Passenger Transport Aircraft appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)