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Antonov An-24 (Coke)

Twin-Turboprop Military Transport Aircraft [ 1962 ]

The An-24 Coke was yet another in the long line of Antonov transport aricraft utilized by the Soviet Air Force.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/27/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Antonov An-24 (NATO codename of "Coke") is a Cold War-era twin-turboprop utility aircraft sitll operated by various air powers of the world including the Russian Air Force. Its proven capabilities, and consistent modernization, have kept it at the forefront of the transport world. where its impact has been felt for decades. First flown in prototype form on October 29th, 1959, the aircraft was formally introduced into service in 1962 and was produced from 1959 to 1979 to the tune of some 1,367 examples (though just over 100 are actively operated today - 2020). The line has also been manufactured by ally China as the "Y-7" and other variants include the An-26, An-30, and An-32.

An-24s were adopted to succeed an aging line of Ilyushin IL-14 transports introduced back in 1954 (1,348 were produced).

The general arrangement of the An-24 is typical for an aircraft of this class: the cockpit seats two side-by-side aft of a rounded, short nosecone assembly. The fuselage is tubular and capped by a single, large-area rudder fin at rear that sports upward-cranked horizontal planes. The wing mainplanes are shoulder-mounted and each has an underslung engine nacelle providing the necessary power, lift, and drag for Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) actions. The undercarriage is a conventional retractable tricycle configuration with the twin-wheeled main legs recessing into the engine nacelles and the twin-wheeled nose leg retracting under the cockpit floor.

The An-24 differed from earlier Antonov company products in that it was designed and built to stricter military requirements centered on battlefield conditions - in particular operations from makeshift runways / rough fields. Besides being utilized as a military transport, the series was also handed various other roles that included humanitarian assistance, general cargo transportation, and VIP passenger hauling (up to 52 personnel in this role). Other forms were relied upon for the atmospheric reconnaissance role and still others were used to test various engine fits and other technologies in an active airborne setting - such was the aircraft's versatility.

As can be expected, the An-24 was evolved into many variants. "An-24" was used to mark the first prototypes. The An-24AT-RD was a transport with turbojet-boosting take-off capabilities. The An-24B seated 50 passengers and used single-slotted flaps while the An-24D was a planned but abandoned long-range passenger hauler. A pair of An-24LR models carried Sideways-Looking Airborne Radar (SLAR) for ice reconnaissance sorties. The An-24PS was used in the Search and Rescue (SAR) role while the An-24RT became a communications relay platform.

The related An-26 is a tactical transport complete with cargo ramp. The An-30 is used in the photographic-mapping role and carries specialized equipment. The An-32 is the An-26 developed for better handling of extreme weather conditions. The An-34 is the unused designation for the eventual An-24T mark. The An-50 became an abandoned jet-powered project involving the An-24 design fitted with 4 x Ivchenko AI-25 turbofan engines - it was not furthered.

The An-24V production mark was crewed by three and could ferry up to 50 passengers. Overall length reached 77.1 feet with a wingspan of 95.9 feet, and a height of 27.3 feet. Empty weight was 30,000lb against an MTOW of 46,300lb. Power was from 2 x Ivchenko AI-24A turboprop engines developing 2,550 horsepower each driving 4-bladed AV-72 series constant-speed propellers measuring 12.9 feet in diameter.

The aircraft could hope to reach speeds of 280 miles-per-hour out to a range of 1,500 miles (with full payload capacity reached) and its service ceiling topped at 27,600 feet. Rate-of-climb reached 375 feet-per-minute.

Current (2020) military operators of the An-24 include the North Korean Air Force (one example modified to serve in the Airborne Early Warning - AEW - role), the Russian Air Force and Navy, and the Ukrainian Air Force and Navy. Post operators include Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Iran, Iraq, Poland, Vietnam and others. Civilian market forms are also in use or have existed in the past.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Antonov - Soviet Union
Afghanistan; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bulgaria; Cambodia; China; Republic of the Congo; Cuba; Czech Republic; Czechoslovakia; East Germany; Egypt; Georgia; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Hungary; Iran; Iraq; Kazakhstan; Laos; Mali; Mongolia; North Korea; North Vietnam; Poland; Romania; Russia; Slovakia; Somalia; Sudan; Syria; Ukraine; Soviet Union; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yemen
Operators National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Algeria National flag of Angola National flag of Armenia National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Belarus National flag of Bulgaria National flag of China National flag of Cuba National flag of Czechia National flag of Egypt National flag of Georgia National flag of modern Germany National flag of East Germany National flag of Guinea National flag of Hungary National flag of Iraq National flag of Iran National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of North Korea National flag of Poland National flag of Romania National flag of Russia National flag of Slovakia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Sudan National flag of Somalia National flag of Syria National flag of Ukraine National flag of Uzbekistan National flag of Vietnam National flag of Yemen
Service Year
Soviet Union
National Origin
Project Status

General transport functionality to move supplies/cargo or personnel (including wounded and VIP) over range.
Used in roles serving the commercial aviation market, ferrying both passengers and goods over range.

77.3 ft
(23.55 meters)
95.8 ft
(29.20 meters)
27.3 ft
(8.32 meters)
29,321 lb
(13,300 kilograms)
Empty Weight
46,297 lb
(21,000 kilograms)
Maximum Take-Off Weight
+16,976 lb
(+7,700 kg)
Weight Difference

2 x ZMBD Progress (Ivchenko) AI-24A turboprop engines developing 2,250 horsepower each driving four-bladed propeller units.
280 mph
(450 kph | 243 knots)
Max Speed
27,559 ft
(8,400 m | 5 miles)
1,491 miles
(2,400 km | 1,296 nm)
375 ft/min
(114 m/min)

MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


An-24 - Initial Production Model Designation; seating for up to 44 passengers.
An-24B - Cargo Transport
An-24T - Cargo Transport
An-24P - Fire-Fighting Variant
An-24V - Fitted with 2 x Ivchenko AI-24A turboprop engines of 2,550ehp; seating for up to 50 passengers.
An-24V (Series II) - Passenger/Cargo Variant; seating for up to 50 passengers.
An-24RT - Based on the An-24T; fitting auxiliary turbojet engine.
An-24RV - Based on An-24V; fitted with auxiliary turbojet engine of 1,985lbs thrust.
Y-7 - Xian-produced version; fitted with 2 x Dongan WJ5A turboprop engines.
Y-1 100 - Xian-produced version; revised cockpit and crew cabin; implementation of winglets; improved throughout.
Y-7 200 - Xian-produced version; sans winglets; revised avionics suite.
Y-7 200A - Xian-produced version; fitted with 2 x Pratt & Whitney PW127C turboprop engines.
Y-7 200B - Xian-produced civilian transport version.

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Image of the Antonov An-24 (Coke)
Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense; Public Release.

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