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Martin Maryland

Twin-Engine Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft

United States | 1940

"The American-made Martin Maryland saw limited use in limited quantities with foreign forces during World War 2."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/02/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Martin-produced Maryland series was classified as a light bomber and saw action as a photographic reconnaissance plane throughout the Second World War. Originally drawn up as a response to a United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) requirement for a light bomber, the type entered evaluation as the "Model 167". When the Martin design was beat out by a Douglas aircraft design, the Model 167 survived thanks to foreign export orders, initially with French forces combating German incursion, and later with British forces Europe and North Africa. Surviving just a few short years of service - basically through the war years before seeing retirement in 1945 - the system was quickly made obsolete by the changing face and requirements inherent in war time.

The Martin Maryland featured a simple twin-engine design, with powerplants mounted on a low-wing monoplane wing assembly. Power came from two Pratt & Whitney type engines with each generating up to 1,200 horsepower. Construction was of all metal to fulfill the requirement of modern aircraft design and the system was crewed by three personnel - a pilot, bombardier and gunner. Armament was a mix of offensive and defensive machine guns with four wing-mounted systems and two in a dorsal turret gun mounting. The design held out some promise, however, as performance was above average in terms of speed.

France ordered up some 200 examples of early Martin Model 167's in a response to the impending war with Germany. Its outdated arsenal of aircraft, tanks and small arms forced the French nation to look outside to find some modern counterparts to which hold the Germans at bay with. With the arrival of the Model 167, the French re-designated the type to M.167 A-3. By the time of the German invasion, the M.167 was fielded in limited quantities but performed well against Germany's top flight aircraft designs and tactics.

As was common after the Fall of France with other French-bound systems from the United States, all remaining Maryland orders were shipped to Britain. Once there, the system gained the British designation of Maryland and appeared in several Marks with the Royal Air Force and the Fleet Air Arm. In British hands, the system performed equally well given its limited involvement and capabilities. Marylands played a pivotal role in the tracking of the German super battleship Bismarck and proved to be a capable reconnaissance aircraft in other photographic sorties.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Martin Maryland Mk II Twin-Engine Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.
2 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp air-cooled radial piston engines developing 1,200 horsepower each driving three-bladed propeller units.
316 mph
508 kph | 274 kts
Max Speed
31,168 ft
9,500 m | 6 miles
Service Ceiling
2,400 ft/min
732 m/min
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Martin Maryland Mk II Twin-Engine Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.
46.6 ft
14.20 m
O/A Length
61.4 ft
(18.70 m)
O/A Width
16.4 ft
(5.00 m)
O/A Height
10,587 lb
(4,802 kg)
Empty Weight
15,298 lb
(6,939 kg)
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Martin Maryland Twin-Engine Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft .
2 x 0.30 caliber air-cooled machine guns in dorsal turret.
4 x 0.30 caliber wing-mounted machine guns.

Up to 1,250 lb of internally-held ordnance (conventional drop bombs).
Notable series variants as part of the Martin Maryland family line.
Model 167 - Official Martin Company Designation to USAAC ligh bomber requirement.
XA-22 - Official Designation for prototype evaluation models.
M.167F - Initial Production Model Designation; export orders from France.
M.167 A-3 - Local French Production Model Designation.
Maryland Mk.I - British Production Model Designation.
Maryland Mk.II - British Production Model Designation.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Martin Maryland. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 450 Units

Contractor(s): Glenn L. Martin Company (Martin) - USA
National flag of France National flag of South Africa National flag of the United Kingdom

[ France; South Africa; United Kingdom ]
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Image of the Martin Maryland
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Image of the Martin Maryland
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Image of the Martin Maryland
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Image of the Martin Maryland
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Image of the Martin Maryland
Image from the Public Domain.

Going Further...
The Martin Maryland Twin-Engine Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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