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WORLD WAR 2

Amiot 354


Fast Reconnaissance / Medium Bomber Aircraft (1940)


Aviation / Aerospace

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The Amiot 354 proved itself a capable French design but it was not available in the numbers required during the Battle of France in 1940.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/17/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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The Amiot 354 (Model 354) had its origins in the Model 341 fast mail carrier transport. The bomber form appeared in the twin-tailed Model 351 which flew first in early 1940. Delays forced the French Air Force to order the related Model 354 offshoot as an interim measure and this form differed mainly in its use of a single vertical tail fin. The aircraft was taken on to fulfill bombing and fast reconnaissance roles just prior to the German invasion of France in World War 2 (1939-1945).

Its overall design was quite conventional for its time - though modern nonetheless. The crew of four (pilot, copilot, navigator and bombardier) all sat in the fuselage which lay at center, straddled by the engine installations fitted to each wing mainplane. The wings were near-elliptical in their general shape when viewed from above or below and the engine nacelles installed at their leading edges, each powerplant driving three-bladed propellers. The crew sections were held under a long-running greenhouse-style canopy featuring heavy framing. The nose was fully glazed for excellent vision over the upcoming terrain. A tail-dragger undercarriage was utilized which sat the main legs under each engine nacelle. The empennage made use of a single tail fin and low-mounted horizontal planes.

Power was served through 2 x Gnome Rhone 14N series 14-cylinder radial piston engines outputting 1,060 horsepower each. This provided the airframe with a maximum speed of 300 miles per hour, a cruising speed of 220 miles per hour, a range out to 1,900 miles and a service ceiling up to 32,800 feet. Rate-of-climb was 1,550 feet-per-minute.

Internally, the Model 354 could carry up to 2,650 lb of conventional drop ordnance for bomber sorties. It was defended through 1 x 20mm cannon and 2 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns. An alternative gun load out was 3 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns (the 20mm cannon being replaced).

Dimensions included a length of 37.6 feet, a height of 13.4 feet and a wingspan of 74.10 feet.

The Model 354 was formed from the existing Model 351, essentially a re-engined platform carrying either the Gnome-Rhone 14N-48 or 14N-49 radial. Over 40 of this model were eventually produced.

By the time of the German invasion of France in May of 1940, the Model 354 was available but only in limited numbers (at least three French factories were committed to the series' production). Nevertheless, it fought on as best it could, undertaking general bombing sorties as well as fast armed reconnaissance of German positions in the Netherlands. Additional deliveries came in June but this proved too late. Some of the stock was flown to Africa lest they fell in German hands (which some did, these reconstituted as fast transports). Others managed a meager existence through their original non-combat roles of mail delivery. This ended the airborne tenure of the Model 354 and her kind.

Specifications



Service Year
1940

Origin
France national flag graphic
France

Status
RETIRED
Not in Service.
Crew
4

Production
56
UNITS


Avions Amiot - France
National flag of France National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany France; Nazi Germany
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.


Length
47.6 ft
(14.50 m)
Width/Span
74.9 ft
(22.83 m)
Height
13.4 ft
(4.08 m)
Empty Wgt
10,417 lb
(4,725 kg)
MTOW
24,912 lb
(11,300 kg)
Wgt Diff
+14,495 lb
(+6,575 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Amiot 354 production variant)
Installed: 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14N-48/-49 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines developing 1,060 horsepower each.
Max Speed
298 mph
(480 kph | 259 kts)
Ceiling
32,808 ft
(10,000 m | 6 mi)
Range
2,175 mi
(3,500 km | 6,482 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
1,500 ft/min
(457 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Amiot 354 production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
STANDARD:
1 x 20mm cannon with 2 x 7.5mm MAC 1945 machine guns OR 3 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns (additional machine gun replaced the 20mm cannon installation.

OPTIONAL:
Maximum internal bomb load of up to 2,650 lb.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


Model 354 - Base Series Designation; based on the earlier Model 351, itself born from the Model 341 fast mail carrier; fitted with 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14N radial engines and featuring single vertical tail fin (as opposed to twin vertical tails).


General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry.
30
Rating is out of a possible 100 points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (298mph).

Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Amiot 354 operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
Max Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Design Balance
The 3 qualities we look at for a balanced aircraft design are altitude, speed, and range.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Unit Production (56)
56
36183
44000
This entry's total production compared against the most-produced military and civilian aircraft types in history (Ilyushin IL-2 and Cessna 172, respectively).
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