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Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya


Trainer / Light Strike Jet-Powered Aircraft (1963)


Aviation / Aerospace

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Forward left side view of an abandoned L-29 in Iraq

Jump-to: Specifications

The Aero L-29 was an important trainer for the Soviet Union and its sattlelite states



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/11/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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The Czech designed and produced Aero L-29 Delfin (translating to "Dolphin"; NATO designation of "Maya") series was a highly utilized Cold War jet trainer aircraft for the Soviet Union and its satellite states. The twin-seat aircraft was capable of speeds over 400 miles per hour and a ceiling of over 36,000 feet. Seeing large numbers, the L-29 was produced up until 1974 with many still in service in poorer military units around the world.

The single engine performer was built from two XL-29-designated prototypes - one fitted with a British Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet engine and another fitted with an indigenous M 701 turbojet. Further development saw a three-way competitive fly-off occur against the Yak-30 design and the PZL Mielec TS-11 Iskra with the L-29 coming out ahead (Poland would go on to utilize the TS-11 trainer however). From there, the L-29 system would be fielded throughout the Soviet Bloc countries as the premiere jet trainer aircraft.

With two available underwing hardpoints, a light attack strike aircraft was designed that could carry gun pods, drop bombs and rockets. Specialized aerobatic performers were also devised from the existing base L-29 airframe and production of the entire L-29 series amounted to well over 3,600 strong.

Specifications



Service Year
1963

Origin
Czechoslovakia national flag graphic
Czechoslovakia

Status
ACTIVE
In Limited Service.
Crew
2

Production
3,600
UNITS


Aero Vodochody - Czechoslovakia
National flag of Angola National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Czechia National flag of Georgia National flag of Iraq National flag of Romania National flag of Slovakia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Syria Angola; Azerbaijan; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Soviet Union; Georgia; Ghana; Iraq; Mali; Romania; Syria; Slovakia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Training (General)
Developed ability to be used as a dedicated trainer for student pilots (typically under the supervision of an instructor).


Length
35.5 ft
(10.81 m)
Width/Span
33.8 ft
(10.29 m)
Height
10.2 ft
(3.10 m)
Empty Wgt
5,214 lb
(2,365 kg)
MTOW
7,804 lb
(3,540 kg)
Wgt Diff
+2,590 lb
(+1,175 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya production variant)
Installed: 1 x Motorlet M 701c 500 turbojet engine generating 1,960lbs of thrust.
Max Speed
407 mph
(655 kph | 354 kts)
Ceiling
36,089 ft
(11,000 m | 7 mi)
Range
398 mi
(640 km | 1,185 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
2,755 ft/min
(840 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
Mission-specific ordnance can include any of the following (limited to two external underwing hardpoints):

2 x 7.62mm Gun Pods
2 x 220lb Drop Bombs
8 x High Explosive Light air-to-surface rockets


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 2


XL-29 - Prototype series; first prototype fitted with Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet engine; Second prototype fitted with M 701 turbojet powerplant.
L-29 - Base Series Designation; basic trainer.
L-29A - Delfin "Akrobat" - Acrobatic Performer.
L-29R - Dedicated Light Strike Aircraft Variant


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