×
Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Harbin Z-5


Transport / Utility Helicopter


China | 1965



"As with other Cold War-era Chinese military products, the Harbin Z-5 was nothing more than a copy of an existing Soviet design - in this case, the Mil Mi-4 series. "



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/25/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
One-time close political ties between the Soviet Union and China allowed for the passing of military goods to the latter. While this included the basic tanks, armored vehicles and small arms, it also included airpower in the form of interceptors, bombers and helicopters. One such product passed into China hands was the Mil Mi-4 series transport / utility helicopter to be produced locally, under license, from available blueprints. The Mi-4 would therefore become the Harbin Z-5 in the Chinese inventory. Between 545 and 575 examples were produced under the Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation label. However, political relations between the two communist nations eventually soured, leading to the Sino-Soviet Split of 1960-1989.

The original Mi-4 went airborne in prototype form on June 3rd, 1952 and was introduced into Soviet Air Force service in 1953. From the period of 1951 to 1979, over 3,500 of the type were produced. There proved many global recipients of the type including Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Egypt, Finland, Iraq and Poland covering much of Asia and portions of the Pacific and Africa. The helicopter was conventional in its rotary-wing approach, fitted with a single Shvetsov ASh-82V radial piston engine outputting at 1,675 horsepower. Its outward design was noticeably distinct with a high-mounted fight deck, rounded nose cone assembly and low-set passenger cabin. The empennage was high-mounted with an internal shaft running from the fuselage to the tail to power the tail rotor seated on a small fin. The undercarriage was fixed with four legs - two forward on the fuselage and two set rearwards. The frontal legs featured positional wheels. Production was undertaken by the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant.

The Chinese Z-5 prototype was completed and achieved its first flight on December 14th, 1959. Developmental delays saw to it that quantitative serial production did not begin until 1964 and it was only then that the Z-5 was formally adopted by the Chinese Army, Navy and Air Force. The Z-5 was an unarmed basic transport with utility cargo-handling as secondary. The Chinese variant also cut into possible Soviet foreign sales of their Mi-4 as the Z-5 was also successfully offered to Chinese-allied customers - mainly Albania with 40 examples and North Korea with 50 examples. Overall, the Z-5 design remained faithful to the original Soviet offering and, externally, were essentially identical.

In 1966 - with the worldwide shift to turboshaft-engined helicopters - Harbin began work on a turboshaft-powered variant (Wozhou-5) of the Z-5 recognized as the Harbin Z-6. This endeavor was then passed onto the now-established Helicopter Design Research Institute which produced a viable prototype for testing, first flight being achieved on December 15th, 1969. With the fatal loss of one prototype and production shifting to other locations, the program suffered through a long period of delays including the upheaval forming from the "Cultural Revolution". The program was eventually given up for good with just eleven vehicles completed.

While outmoded and severely ages, Z-5 helicopters of the Chinese military are thought to still be retained in reserve status. However, their capabilities are limited on the modern battlefield and would most likely not be brought into battle unless absolutely required. As with other utility types, the Z-5 could be basically armed, primarily with machine guns, machine gun pods and lightweight rocket pods or launch rails - helping to broaden the tactical flexibility of the system to an extent, becoming an armed transport or dedicated gunship.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Harbin Z-5 Transport / Utility Helicopter.
1 x Shvetsov ASh-82V 18-cylinder radial piston engine developing 1,700 horsepower while driving a four-bladed main rotor and three-bladed tail rotor.
Propulsion
130 mph
210 kph | 113 kts
Max Speed
19,685 ft
6,000 m | 4 miles
Service Ceiling
249 miles
400 km | 216 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Harbin Z-5 Transport / Utility Helicopter.
3
(MANNED)
Crew
55.1 ft
16.80 m
O/A Length
68.9 ft
(21.00 m)
O/A Width
17.0 ft
(5.18 m)
O/A Height
11,023 lb
(5,000 kg)
Empty Weight
17,196 lb
(7,800 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Harbin Z-5 Transport / Utility Helicopter .
Usually none. Could be armed with machine guns, machine gun pods, rocked pods or launch rails for use as an ad hoc gunship or armed transport.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Harbin Z-5 family line.
Z-5 - Base Series Designation
Z-6 - Proposed turboshaft-engined Z-5; 11 examples produced.
Xuanfeng - Civilian Market Passenger Transport
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Harbin Z-5. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 575 Units

Contractor(s): Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation - China
National flag of Albania National flag of China National flag of North Korea

[ Albania; China; North Korea ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (130mph).

Graph Average of 113 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
575
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Harbin Z-5

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
CLOSE-AIR SUPPORT
TRANSPORT
SPECIAL FORCES
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Harbin Z-5 Transport / Utility Helicopter appears in the following collections:
HOME
AVIATION INDEX
AIRCRAFT BY COUNTRY
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE AIRCRAFT
AIRCRAFT BY CONFLICT
AIRCRAFT BY TYPE
AIRCRAFT BY DECADE
COLD WAR AIRCRAFT
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)