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North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye


Naval Jet Trainer Aircraft


United States | 1959



"The impressive T-2 Buckeye trained thousands of US Navy pilots to fly jet fighters from 1959 through 2008."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/02/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The North American (now Boeing) T-2 Buckeye was responsible for the training of thousands of American naval aviators from 1959 onwards. The system was fielded as an intermediate budget trainer designed to give United States Navy pilots their first taste of jet-powered flight. The aircraft served with distinction from 1959 through 2004 after which it was officially retired in 2008 and replaced by the McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk. Nevertheless, the T-2 Buckeye will always maintain a place in naval aviation history that few other aircraft in this class can ever hope to achieve.

The T-2 initially appeared as a single engine aircraft featuring the Westinghouse J34 series turbojet in the T-2A. This eventually became the T-2B with twin Pratt & Whitney J6- turbojet engines while the T-2C appeared with more powerful GE J85 engines. Performance with the GE powerplant netted speeds of 521 miles per hour with a range of 910 miles and a ceiling of 44,400 feet. Armament consisted of training ordnance in the form of gun pods, rocket pods and practice bombs on two external hardpoints.

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With the aircraft's origin in the North American FJ-1 Fury design, the T-2 maintained its forerunner's straight wing design appearance. Instructor and student sat in tandem well forward in the fuselage. The twin turbojet engines rested underneath the fuselage and were fed from two under-fuselage intakes to either side of the aircraft. The nose cone came to a distinct narrow point and the tail featured a simple rudder and tail plane arrangement. The undercarriage featured main landing gear recessing into the underside of the wings with a nose wheel retracting forward into the nose housing. Wings were mid-mounted just behind the rear seat cockpit position with wingtip tanks at the ends.

The T-2A Buckeye model evolved into two other major variants with limited prototypes appearing in-between. The T-2A was featured as an "improved" Buckeye in the YT-2B of which two were converted. These became the T-2B Buckeye. Similarly, the T-2B was used as a single prototype for the YT-2C to become the T-2C Buckeye. Drone directors (designated with "DT") made from small batches of T-2B and T-2C models existed. The T-2D and T-2E were export models.

Notable operators included Venezuela (taking an order of 12 T-2D models) and Greece (receiving an order of 30 T-2E models).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the North American T-2C Buckeye Naval Jet Trainer Aircraft.
2 x General Electric J85-GE-4 turbojet engines developing 2,950 lb of thrust each.
Propulsion
518 mph
834 kph | 450 kts
Max Speed
44,291 ft
13,500 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
905 miles
1,456 km | 786 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the North American T-2C Buckeye Naval Jet Trainer Aircraft.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
36.1 ft
11.00 m
O/A Length
33.8 ft
(10.30 m)
O/A Width
14.8 ft
(4.50 m)
O/A Height
8,051 lb
(3,652 kg)
Empty Weight
13,076 lb
(5,931 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye Naval Jet Trainer Aircraft .
OPTIONAL FOR TRAINING PURPOSES:

2 x 100lb practice bombs
2 x 12.7mm machine gun pods
2 x 2.75" Rocket pods
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye family line.
T2J-1 - Original Aircraft Designation before 1962's joint aircraft designation system.
T-2A - Initial Production Model Designation; fitted with Westinghouse J34-WE-36 series turbojet engines; 271 delivered.
YT-2B - Two T-2A models used as T-2B prototypes; basis of T02B production models.
T-2B - "Improved" T-2A Model; fitted with Pratt & Whitney J60-P-1 turbojet engines; 97 examples delivered.
YT-2C - Single Prototype Example; conversion of T-2B model; basis of T-2C production models.
T-2C - Final Production Model; fitted with 2 x General Electric J85-GE-4 turbojet engines; 231 delivered.
DT-2B - Drone Director; conversion from T-2B models.
DT-2C - Drone Director; conversion from T-2C models.
T-2D - Venezuela Export Model; 12 delivered.
T-2E - Greece Export Model; 30 delivered.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 587 Units

Contractor(s): Boeing (Previously North American and Rockwell) - USA
National flag of Greece National flag of the United States National flag of Venezuela

[ Greece; Venezuela; United States ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (518mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
587
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
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Image of the North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye
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2 / 2
Image of the North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye
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Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
MARITIME / NAVY
TRAINING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye Naval Jet Trainer Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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