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North American / Boeing T-2 Buckeye


Naval Jet Trainer Aircraft (1959)


Aviation / Aerospace

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Jump-to: Specifications

The impressive T-2 Buckeye trained thousands of US Navy pilots to fly jet fighters from 1959 through 2008.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/02/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The North American (now Boeing) T-2 Buckeye was responsible for the training of thousands of American naval aviators from 1959 onwards. The system was fielded as an intermediate budget trainer designed to give United States Navy pilots their first taste of jet-powered flight. The aircraft served with distinction from 1959 through 2004 after which it was officially retired in 2008 and replaced by the McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk. Nevertheless, the T-2 Buckeye will always maintain a place in naval aviation history that few other aircraft in this class can ever hope to achieve.

The T-2 initially appeared as a single engine aircraft featuring the Westinghouse J34 series turbojet in the T-2A. This eventually became the T-2B with twin Pratt & Whitney J6- turbojet engines while the T-2C appeared with more powerful GE J85 engines. Performance with the GE powerplant netted speeds of 521 miles per hour with a range of 910 miles and a ceiling of 44,400 feet. Armament consisted of training ordnance in the form of gun pods, rocket pods and practice bombs on two external hardpoints.
With the aircraft's origin in the North American FJ-1 Fury design, the T-2 maintained its forerunner's straight wing design appearance. Instructor and student sat in tandem well forward in the fuselage. The twin turbojet engines rested underneath the fuselage and were fed from two under-fuselage intakes to either side of the aircraft. The nose cone came to a distinct narrow point and the tail featured a simple rudder and tail plane arrangement. The undercarriage featured main landing gear recessing into the underside of the wings with a nose wheel retracting forward into the nose housing. Wings were mid-mounted just behind the rear seat cockpit position with wingtip tanks at the ends.

The T-2A Buckeye model evolved into two other major variants with limited prototypes appearing in-between. The T-2A was featured as an "improved" Buckeye in the YT-2B of which two were converted. These became the T-2B Buckeye. Similarly, the T-2B was used as a single prototype for the YT-2C to become the T-2C Buckeye. Drone directors (designated with "DT") made from small batches of T-2B and T-2C models existed. The T-2D and T-2E were export models.

Notable operators included Venezuela (taking an order of 12 T-2D models) and Greece (receiving an order of 30 T-2E models).

Specifications



Service Year
1959

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Crew
2

Production
587
UNITS


Boeing (Previously North American and Rockwell) - USA
National flag of Greece National flag of the United States National flag of Venezuela Greece; Venezuela; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Maritime / Navy
Land-based or shipborne capability for operating over-water in various maritime-related roles while supported by allied naval surface elements.
Training (General)
Developed ability to be used as a dedicated trainer for student pilots (typically under the supervision of an instructor).


Length
36.1 ft
(11.00 m)
Width/Span
33.8 ft
(10.30 m)
Height
14.8 ft
(4.50 m)
Empty Wgt
8,051 lb
(3,652 kg)
MTOW
13,076 lb
(5,931 kg)
Wgt Diff
+5,024 lb
(+2,279 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the North American T-2C Buckeye production variant)
Installed: 2 x General Electric J85-GE-4 turbojet engines developing 2,950 lb of thrust each.
Max Speed
518 mph
(834 kph | 450 kts)
Ceiling
44,291 ft
(13,500 m | 8 mi)
Range
905 mi
(1,456 km | 2,697 nm)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the North American T-2C Buckeye production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
OPTIONAL FOR TRAINING PURPOSES:

2 x 100lb practice bombs
2 x 12.7mm machine gun pods
2 x 2.75" Rocket pods


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 2


T2J-1 - Original Aircraft Designation before 1962's joint aircraft designation system.
T-2A - Initial Production Model Designation; fitted with Westinghouse J34-WE-36 series turbojet engines; 271 delivered.
YT-2B - Two T-2A models used as T-2B prototypes; basis of T02B production models.
T-2B - "Improved" T-2A Model; fitted with Pratt & Whitney J60-P-1 turbojet engines; 97 examples delivered.
YT-2C - Single Prototype Example; conversion of T-2B model; basis of T-2C production models.
T-2C - Final Production Model; fitted with 2 x General Electric J85-GE-4 turbojet engines; 231 delivered.
DT-2B - Drone Director; conversion from T-2B models.
DT-2C - Drone Director; conversion from T-2C models.
T-2D - Venezuela Export Model; 12 delivered.
T-2E - Greece Export Model; 30 delivered.


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