The Gloster Javelin was the first twin-engine delta-wing jet fighter design to take up service with any one air force. The system would also become the United Kingdoms first all-weather day or night fighter and the very final production design of the fabled World War Two powerhouse company Gloster.
The Javelin was a twin-seat turbojet fighter designed to fulfill the role of all-weather interception for the Royal Air Force. The system was produced as far back as 1948 but not fielded till 1956. In between that time, three prototype and pre-production aircraft were lost in maneuvers that prompted a complete redesign of the aircraft. By designs end, the system would be fielded with an all-delta wing surface structure fitted to two Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire turbojet engines with a dominant tailplane section consisting of a high-mounted elevator assembly with rudder.
At the time of production, the Javelin was one of the most technologically advanced aircraft of the day. The ability for the system to be able to see and attack in any weather, day or night, was quite an advantage when fielded against lesser foes. Armed with a conservative array of 2 x 20mm cannons, the system would have to wait until the FAW.Mk 7 in 1958 to see the implementation of air-to-air infra-red homing missiles, completing the transformation of the post-world war design to a more contemporary fighter. Variants later, the Javelin system would be fielded with an inflight refueling probe and drop tanks that would impressively increase the overall combat radius of the aircraft.
As it stood, the Javelin maintained a successful service record, being fielded by as many as 14 squadrons in the Royal Air Force alone. The system would see production until 1967, by which time the Javelin would be replaced by more modern turbojet and turbofan fighters - ultimately closing the book on one of the most successful aviation companies in history.
Later models upgraded with missile support:
4 x Firestreak air-to-air infra-red homing missles (in place of the 2 x 30mm cannon assembly).
(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 4
FAW.Mk 1 - Initial Production Model Designation; 427 produced.
FAW.Mk 2 - Uprated 8,300lb thrust powerplants; improved Westinghouse radar system.
T.3 - Dual-Control Trainer Variant; sans radar; 2 x 30mm cannons.
FAW.Mk 4 - Improved handling characteristics; all-moving tailplane feature.
FAW.Mk 5 - increased internal fuel capacity; modified wing assemblies.
FAW.Mk 6 - Based on Mk 5 but fitted with an American-produced radar system.
FAW.Mk 7 - 142 produced; fitted with Sapphire 203 11,000 thrust powerplants; provision for 4 x Firestreak air-to-air missiles in place of 2 x 30mm cannons.
FAW.Mk 8 - Afterburning powerplants for 13,390lbs of total thrust.
FAW.Mk 9 - Final Production Model Variant; based on existing FAW.Mk 7 and FAW.Mk 8 models but brought up to new standard; fitted with inflight refueling probe for increased range.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.
1 / 2
Image from the Public Domain.
2 / 2
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted. Submitted by User via Email.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.