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Dassault Falcon 900

Triple-Engine Business Jet Aircraft

France | 1986

"The Dassault Falcon 900 series was introduced in the mid-1980s and continues to see customers operating it today."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/25/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Falcon 900 is a triple-engined business jet ("BizJet") actively marketed by Dassault Aviation of France since the mid-1980s. The aircraft is intended for the business industry / VIP role, ferrying important clients and customers to-and-fro. The type has been well-received since market introduction in 1986 and over 500 airframe have been produced to date (2022). A first-flight was had on September 21st, 1984 and production began in 1984.

The latest, most modern iteration of the Falcon 900 line is the "Falcon 900LX".

In typical Dassault fashion, the Falcon 900 exudes clean lines and aerodynamic efficiency. Mainplanes are swept back, positioned at midships, and mounted low in the design. The fuselage's nosecone is just ahead of the cockpit with its slim shaping providing excellent vision for the two pilots within. Six windows provide viewing for the crewmen seated side-by-side. The fuselage is further tubular in its general shape and capped by a single rudder fin with outward-extending horizontal planes mounted at its base. Entry to the cabin/cockpit is by way of a folding staircase at the port side of the fuselage. A tricycle undercarriage, featuring double-bogies at each leg, is used for ground-running and is completely retractable into the airframe.

In the Falcon 900, the triple-engine arrangement seats all three turbofans at the rear of the fuselage, cutting down on cabin noise as much as possible. A pair of these sit on wingstubs outboard of the empennage while the third unit is embedded at the base of the rudder plane. This configuration allows for exceptional performance for this business jet and provides excellent operating range to boot.

Internally, the cabin is made up to best serve business personnel and can be equipped with leather-appointed seats (dual or single), sofas, work tables, monitors, and the like in a single-aisle arrangement. Round porthole windows provide viewing outside and allow natural lighting inside the interior. A full galley and rest room make up the standard amenities of the luxury aircraft. Beds can be formed from the passenger seats for long-haul routes. Range is such that a flight departing from London, England and reach out to central United States in the West and middle China in the East.

The flight deck (Falcon 900LX) is all-modern with digital processing and automation as standard. It is comprised of the "EASy II" series avionics fit enhancing situational awareness, safety, and comfort. Head-Up Displays (HUDs) provide pilots with pertinent performance and operating figures and cues reducing the need to look away from the window screens and the terrain ahead. The unique, optional "FalconEye" suite further increases safety and it provides unparalleled cockpit vision in day-night environments and all-weather situations.

Variants of the line include the original 1984 Falcon 900 powered by 3 x Garret TFE731-5AR-1C non-afterburning turbofan engines of 4,500 lb thrust each. Certification followed in 1986. The Falcon 900B followed in 1991 with 3 x TFE731-5BR-1C engines of 4,750 lb thrust each. The B-model was then itself succeeded by the Falcon 900C of 2000 bringing along with it more modern amenities and enhanced performance for a new generation of customers.

The Falcon 900EX of 1986 became a dedicated long-range offering, increasing operational range out to 4,500 nautical miles with its 3 x TFE731-60 series engines. The Falcon 900EX EASy introduced the new avionics set. The Falcon 900DX was a short-haul form with 3 x TFE731-60 engines. The Falcon 900LX is the modern incarnation of the Falcon 900 line and features a range out to 4,750 nautical miles.

The Japanese Coast Guard operates the Falcon 900 through its Falcon 900 MSA variant for maritime patrol duties. The Italian military has operated two distinct forms of the Falcon 900 - the Falcon 900EX becoming the VC-900A and the Falcon 900EASy becoming the VC-900B. The British Royal Air Force (RAF) selected the Falcon 900LX to succeed an aging line of BAe 146 aircraft in the VIP role.

Current (2022) civilian market operators of the Falcon 900 line range from Libya to Saudi Arabia. Military operators include France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, Spain, and Switzerland (among others). Former operators are Algeria, Australia, Belgium, Gabon, Greece, Malawi, and Monaco.

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August 2022 - The British Royal Air Force has announced full-service operability for its new fleet of Falcon 900LX VIP platforms. These have succeeded an aging line of NAe 146-100s which were given up in April 2022.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Dassault Falcon 900B Triple-Engine Business Jet Aircraft.
3 x AlliedSignal TFE731-5BR-1C non-afterburning turbofan engines developing 4,750lb of thrust each.
671 mph
1,080 kph | 583 kts
Max Speed
590 mph
950 kph | 513 kts
Cruise Speed
50,853 ft
15,500 m | 10 miles
Service Ceiling
4,598 miles
7,400 km | 3,996 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Dassault Falcon 900B Triple-Engine Business Jet Aircraft.
66.3 ft
20.21 m
O/A Length
63.5 ft
(19.35 m)
O/A Width
22,608 lb
(10,255 kg)
Empty Weight
45,525 lb
(20,650 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Dassault Falcon 900 Triple-Engine Business Jet Aircraft .
None. Specialized military variants outfitted with appropriate mission equipment for the role, typically reconnaissance, VIP, or Electronic Warfare (EW).
Notable series variants as part of the Dassault Falcon 900 family line.
Falcon 900 - Base Series Designation.
Falcon 900 MSA - Japanese Coast Guard Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) variant.
Falcon 900B - Renewed production model of 1991; fitted with TFE731-5BR-1C series turbofan engines.
Falcon 900C - Model of 2000; directly succeeding 900B line.
Falcon 900EX - Extended-range variant; uprated TFE731-60 5,000lb thrust engines; 5,180 mile range.
Falcon 900EX EASy - Variant with new avionics package.
Falcon 900DX - Short-ranged variant; TFE731-60 series turbofans.
Falcon 900LX - Modern production model; winglets; 4,750nm range.
VC-900A - Italian military Falcon 900EX.
VC-900B - Italian military Falcon 900EASY.
Falcon Envoy IV - British RAF VIP transport variant; full-service reached in 2022.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Dassault Falcon 900. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 525 Units

Contractor(s): Dassault Aviation - France
National flag of Algeria National flag of Australia National flag of Belgium National flag of Bolivia National flag of France National flag of Gabon National flag of modern Germany National flag of Greece National flag of Italy National flag of modern Japan National flag of Libya National flag of Malaysia National flag of Namibia National flag of Nigeria National flag of Portugal National flag of Qatar National flag of Russia National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of South Africa National flag of Spain National flag of Switzerland National flag of Syria National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of Venezuela

[ Algeria (former); Australia (former); Belgium (former); Bolivia; France; Gabon (former); Germany; Greece (former); Italy; Japan; Libya; Malawi (former); Malaysia; Monaco (former); Namibia; Nigeria; Portugal; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Spain; Syria; United Kingdom; United Arab Emirates; Switzerland; Venezuela ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (671mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
1 / 1
Image of the Dassault Falcon 900
Image from official Dassault Aviation marketing materials.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Dassault Falcon 900 Triple-Engine Business Jet Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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