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VSP Busel

Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) [ 2019 ]

The Busel is a Belarussian-originated drone serviceable for the ISR role.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/19/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Busel is a Belarussian Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) of conventional form-and-function. The drone can search-and-track stationary and moving objects and transmit data in real-time to ground operators. Beyond its military usefulness, the aircraft can be used in civilian and industry sectors due to its inherent versatility. This includes border patrol, humanitarian work, Search and Rescue, structural integrity review, and the like.

The base arrangement of the vehicle is traditional featuring a centralized fuselage with forward-set mainplane and single rudder tail configuration. The mainplanes are capped by winglets and each sports small nacelle electric motors protruding from the leading edges, each driving two-bladed propellers. The tail unit seats the horizontal plane well-aft of the vertical tailfin. The optics set is featured under the forward section of the fuselage.

The complete system supports up to five air vehicles and includes a mobile or portable Ground Control Station (GCS), transmitting module, basic payload modules, spare parts, and operations documentation.

There are three marketed forms of the Busel:

The base "Busel" model has a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 13lb, a wingspan of 7.5 feet, and can remain airborne for one hour while flying at altitudes of 5,000 feet out to a range of 12 miles. Navigation is by GPS with autopilot supported.

The "Busel M" increases MTOW to 22lb, has a 7.9-foot wingspan, and can remain airborne for up to two hours while flying at an altitude of 13,125 feet out to a range of 30 miles. Navigation is vi GPS and GLONASS with autopilot support.

The "Busel M50" has an MTOW of 30.8lb, a wingspan of 11.5 feet, and can fly for up to two-and-a-half hours at altitudes of 16,405 feet and a range out to 45 miles. Navigation is vi GPS and GLONASS with autopilot support.

All forms feature twin electro-motors, gyrostablization of the available TV, InfraRed (IR), and multi-spectral camera fits as well as hand-launching and parachute recovery.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Belarus national flag graphic

In Active Service.

Belvneshpromservice (VSP) - Belarus
(View other Aviaton-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Belarus Belarus
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Special-Mission: Search & Rescue (SAR)
Ability to locate and extract personnel from areas of potential harm or peril (i.e. downed airmen in the sea).
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.
Unmanned Capability
Aircraft inherently designed (or later developed) with an unmanned capability to cover a variety of over-battlefield roles.

Design utilizes an all-electric powerplant for drive power.
Inherent ability of airframe to take considerable damage.
Can reach and operate at higher altitudes than average aircraft of its time.
Capability to travel considerable distances through onboard fuel stores.
Ability to operate over ocean in addition to surviving the special rigors of the maritime environment.
Design features ability to fly sans pilot, actions controlled onboard through programming and / or ground-based operator.
Design features autonomous flight operations made possible through onboard artificial intelligence or pre-programming.
Payload supports photographic equipment providing still and / or real-time image / video results.

11.5 ft
(3.50 m)
31 lb
(14 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the VSP Busel M50 production variant)
monoplane / shoulder-mounted / straight
Design utilizes a single primary wing mainplane; this represent the most popular mainplane arrangement.
Mainplanes are mounted at the upper section of the fuselage, generally at the imaginary line intersecting the pilot's shoulders.
The planform involves use of basic, straight mainplane members.
(Structural descriptors pertain to the VSP Busel M50 production variant)
Installed: 2 x Electric motors driving pair of twin-bladed propeller units.
Max Speed
62 mph
(100 kph | 54 kts)
Cruise Speed
37 mph
(60 kph | 32 kts)
Max. Speed Diff
+25 mph
(+40 kph | 22 kts)
16,404 ft
(5,000 m | 3 mi)
43 mi
(70 km | 130 nm)

♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the VSP Busel M50 production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
None. Mission equipment related to the ISR role.

Supported Types

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Busel - Base production model and base series name; 6kg MTOW; 60min flight time; 2.3m wingspan; 1,500m flight altitude; 20km range; GPS navigation.
Busel M - 10kg MTOW; 120min flight time; 2.4m wingspan; 4,000m flight altitude; 50km range; GPS/GLONASS navigation.
Busel M50 - 14kg MTOW; 3.5m wingspan; 5,000m flight altitude; 70km range; GPS/GLONASS navigation.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the VSP Busel
Image from official VSP marketing materials.


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