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Bellanca C.F.


Passenger Airliner Monoplane


Untied States | 1922



"The Bellanca CF was an enclosed, passenger-minded monoplane that proved ahead of its time by 1920s standards."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/22/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Bellanca CF was an aircraft development of Italian-American aviation pioneer Giuseppe Mario Bellanca (1886-1960). The design was destined for the commercial market with the then-novel feature of an all-enclosed passenger cabin seating four in relative comfort. A high-winged monoplane planform was used complete with high-lift struts and the fuselage was covered over in impressive mahogany plywood. Beyond this, the monoplane held exceptional performance for an aircraft of this type during its particular period of aviation history.

Structurally, the CF was given a wingspan of 40 feet with an overall length of 23.9 feet and a height of 2.2 feet. Empty weight was 950lb against a gross weight of 1,990lb.

Power to the aircraft came from a single Anzani engine of 110 horsepower used to drive a two-bladed propeller at the nose in "puller" arrangement, the propeller streamlined by way of spinner assembly at its center. The cockpit was located directly aft of the engine installation with the passenger cabin making up most of the rest of the internal volume. The cabin also had viewing panels embedded into its side walls to complete its passenger-centric appearance. The undercarriage was of typical "tail dragger" arrangement and function with main legs seated under the frontal mass of the airframe and a simple skid positioned under the tail unit.

With design work undertaken in 1921, the CF was built under the Roos-Bellanca Aircraft Company brand label and had its first-flight on June 8th, 1922.

On the whole, the CF was a conventional aircraft through-and-through save for the vision Bellanca had of a commercial market employing aircraft to ferry people to and fro. In this way, the design succeeded though, in reality, the market had yet to exist - certainly making Bellanca a pioneer of aviation in this regard. This did, however, lead to only one specimen being completed. Nevertheless, the monoplane was a winner in that it claimed air races in 1922 and 1923 and, adding to its fame, no fewer than four performance awards were netted at the Midwestern Flying Meet in Monmouth, Illinois. It was also host to a pair of marriage ceremonies that were held in the aircraft while in flight.

In 1924, the Yellow Air Cab Company bought the CF and had the cockpit reworked and more passenger viewports were added to the cabin. Additional fuel stores for increased operational ranges were added in a 1928 modification effort that also included changes to the vertical tailplane. Once the company folded, the aircraft was found under various private owners before ending up as a showpiece at the Roosevelt Field Air Museum. After this, the Bellanca family regained ownership of the craft and gifted the only completed specimen to the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum in 1960 where it resides at the Udvar-Hazy Center to this day (2022).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Bellanca C.F. Passenger Airliner Monoplane.
1 x Anzani engine of 110 horsepower driving two-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Propulsion
109 mph
176 kph | 95 kts
Max Speed
84 mph
135 kph | 73 kts
Cruise Speed
1,100 ft/min
335 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Bellanca C.F. Passenger Airliner Monoplane.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
24.0 ft
7.30 m
O/A Length
40.0 ft
(12.20 m)
O/A Width
7.2 ft
(2.20 m)
O/A Height
952 lb
(432 kg)
Empty Weight
2,002 lb
(908 kg)
MTOW
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Bellanca C.F. family line.
CF - Base Series Designation.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Bellanca C.F.. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1 Units

Contractor(s): Roos-Bellanca Aircraft Company - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (109mph).

Graph Average of 90 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Production Comparison
1
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
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Image of the Bellanca C.F.
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Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
COMMERCIAL AVIATION
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Bellanca C.F. Passenger Airliner Monoplane appears in the following collections:
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