×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
Advertisements

HOME
AIRCRAFT / AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
GOLDEN AGE

Hawker Woodcock


Night-Fighter / Night Interceptor Aircraft (1924)


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Hawker Woodcock became the first fighter design to emerge from the storied British aero-concern of Hawker Engineering.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/14/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Advertisements
The Hawker "Woodcock" was the first fighter design to emerge from the newly-formed aero-concern of "Hawker Engineering Company" in 1923. Hawker was formed from the remnants of Sopwith Aviation, makers of the war-winning Sopwith "Camel" biplane fighter of World War 1 (1914-1918) fame. The original company, founded by Thomas Sopwith himself during December of 1913, saw its heyday during the war years but went defunct as soon as 1920 with the war market having dried up; at its peak it employed some 5,000 total employees, such was its size. With the new decade, operations were reestablished under the new brand and included such names as Thomas Sopwith, Harry Hawker, and Sydney Camm.

In 1922, the British Air Ministry released the requirements of Specification 25/22 calling for an all-modern single-seat, single-engine fighter for the night interceptor role. Hawker seized the opportunity and went to work under the design leadership of one Captain B. Thomson.

The resultant design was largely conventional for its time, featuring a wood frame with fabric skinning. A traditional over-under biplane wing configuration was used with the fuselage housing the engine at the nose and the pilot just aft of the emplacement. The mainplanes were given twin bays and parallel strutworks for the needed lift, drag, and handling. The unit was conventional in its use of twin horizontal planes straddling a single vertical rudder fin.

In its initial prototype form, known as "J6987", the fighter carried an Armstrong Siddeley "Jaguar II" series engine outputting 358 horsepower to drive the two-bladed propeller unit at the nose. Proposed armament was 2 x 0.303" Vickers Machine Guns in fixed, forward-firing mountings and these would be synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.

A first-flight of this airframe was had in March of 1923 and the design came to be known as the "Woodcock".

As flown, the aircraft proved unsatisfactory mainly due to stability and control issues, requiring modifications to the design with the work assigned to chief designer W.G. Carter. The wingspan was reworked with less surface area and the twin-bay arrangement given up in favor of a reduced-drag, reduced-complexity single-bay approach. More importantly, the original Jaguar II engine was given up in favor of the Bristol "Jupiter IV" type promising enhanced performance with its 380-425 horsepower output rating. In all, much of the original Woodcock's design was changed save for the basic structure.
Advertisements
In this new guise, the aircraft reappeared as the "Woodcock Mk II" and its own first-flight was recorded in August of 1923. Additional testing resulted in some additional modifications being implemented but the Air Ministry liked what it saw and contracted for an initial batch of the new armed, night-capable fighters before the end of 1924. The service would eventually take on a stock of 62 of the fighters.

Dimensions included a length of 25.6 feet, a wingspan of 34.7 feet, and a height of 9 feet. Empty weight reached 2,015lb with a MTOW of 3,000lb. Performance specs included a maximum speed of 141 miles-per-hour, a cruising speed of 103 mph, arrange out to 280 miles, and a service ceiling of 22,500 feet.

Once inducted into service, the Woodcock II was assigned to Royal Air Force (RAF) No.3 Squadron in May of 1925 and first examples were delivered in March of the following year. The aircraft held an accident-prone existence early on - mainly due to structural issues - but modifications were made to help RAF pilots find favor in the design before the end.

The series was also used by No.17 Squadron of the RAF and taken into service by both the Danish Army and Navy air services. Three Danish aircraft carried the Jaguar IV engine and were armed with 2 x Madsen Machine Guns under the name of Hawker "Danecock". At least twelve airframes were constructed locally, under license, through the Danish Royal Naval Dockyard of Denmark and appeared with the designation of L.B. II "Dankok".

Total serial production of all types for all users ultimately reached 64 units and the type flew into 1936 even though the series had already been succeeded (officially) by the more modern Gloster "Gamecock" biplane as soon as 1928.

Specifications



Service Year
1924

Origin
United Kingdom national flag graphic
United Kingdom

Status
RETIRED
Not in Service.
Crew
1

Production
64
UNITS


Hawker Engineering Company - UK
National flag of Denmark National flag of the United Kingdom Denmark; United Kingdom
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Interception
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.


SYNCHRONIZED / INTERRUPTOR GEAR
Automatic weapons are synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades via special mechanical gear arrangement.
MULTI-WINGED
Addition of more mainplanes to enhance inherent agility, providing a tactical edge in tight engagements.
RUGGED AIRFRAME
Inherent ability of airframe to take considerable damage.
HIGH-SPEED PERFORMANCE
Can accelerate to higher speeds than average aircraft of its time.
HIGH-ALTITUDE PERFORMANCE
Can reach and operate at higher altitudes than average aircraft of its time.
EXTENDED RANGE PERFORMANCE
Capability to travel considerable distances through onboard fuel stores.
SUPER PERFORMANCE
Design covers the three all-important performance categories of speed, altitude, and range.
MARITIME OPERATION
Ability to operate over ocean in addition to surviving the special rigors of the maritime environment.
BAILOUT PROCESS
Manual process of allowing its pilot and / or crew to exit in the event of an airborne emergency.


Length
25.6 ft
(7.80 m)
Width/Span
34.7 ft
(10.57 m)
Height
9.0 ft
(2.75 m)
Empty Wgt
2,017 lb
(915 kg)
MTOW
2,976 lb
(1,350 kg)
Wgt Diff
+959 lb
(+435 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Hawker Woodcock Mk.II production variant)
biplane / over-under / straight
Biplane
Design utilizes a dual-plane wing arrangement in which one mainplane member is seated above the other; biplanes enhance agility at the expense of added drag.
Over-Under
Dual mainplane configuration seating the members in an over-under fashion and poisitoned at different points along the fuselage.
Straight
The planform involves use of basic, straight mainplane members.
(Structural descriptors pertains to the Hawker Woodcock Mk.II production variant)
Installed: 1 x Bristol Jupiter IV 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine developing 425 horsepower driving two-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Max Speed
143 mph
(230 kph | 124 kts)
Cruise Speed
103 mph
(165 kph | 89 kts)
Max. Speed Diff
+40 mph
(+65 kph | 35 kts)
Ceiling
22,638 ft
(6,900 m | 4 mi)
Range
280 mi
(450 km | 833 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
1,205 ft/min
(367 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Hawker Woodcock Mk.II production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
2 x 0.303" Vickers Machine Guns in fixed, forward-firing mountings near the nose; synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


Woodcock - Base Series Name.
Woodcock Mk I - Original aircraft of 1923; Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar II engine; twin-bay wing design.
Woodcock Mk II - Redesigned aircraft of 1924; reworked single-bay wing mainplanes, relocated armament mountings, and power from Bristol Jupiter IV 9-cylinder engine.
"Danecock" - Three airframes for Denmark with Jaguar IV engines.
L.B. II "Dankok" - Twelve license-produced fighters for Danish air and naval service.


Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-