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CAIC Z-18


Medium-Lift, Multirole Military Helicopter


China | 2018



"Based in the AVICopter AC313 helicopter platform, the Changhe Z-18 multirole type has been developed to succeed the Z-8 series in Chinese service."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/12/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Changhe Z-18 is a locally-designed, developed, and produced multi-role / multi-mission large helicopter serving the Chinese military in several capacities. The type is an offshoot of the relatively new AVICopter AC313 transport helicopter series detailed elsewhere on this site (and therefore shares performance and structural data with it). The Z-18 was selected by the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) service to succeed its fleet of Z-8 helicopters based in the French Aerospatiale SA321 "Super Frelon". It generally takes on maritime / overwater roles though a land-based variant is also featured for the Army (as the "Z-8G").

The Z-18 currently exists in four major recognized forms: Z-18 is used to designate the base, maritime-minded form housing FLIR/TV and enhanced communications and powered by the WZ-6C turboshaft engine series. Z-18F is used to designate dedicated Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) platforms that arrive complete with surface-search radar, dipping sonar capability, sonobouy support, and provision for torpedoes, anti-ship missiles, and mine dispensers. The Z-18J is an Airborne Early Warning (AEW) model carrying a locally-designed and developed multi-mode Active, Electronically-Scanned Array (AESA) radar unit. The Z-8G is a Chinese Army variant sporting a unique nose assembly carrying terrain-following radar for Nap-of-the-Earth (NOE) flying. It is also equipped with an Electro-Optical (EO) sensor system in a small powered turret.

Currently, the Z-18 series serves aboard the modest Chinese Navy aircraft carrier fleet while the Army version entered service in or around January 2018.

Beyond its patrol and attack roles, the Z-18 can also fulfill Search & Rescue (SAR), VIP passenger transport, and MEDEVAC roles as needed.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the CAIC Z-18 Medium-Lift, Multirole Military Helicopter.
3 x WZ-6C turboshaft engines developing 1,570 horsepower each and driving a six-bladed main rotor and five-bladed tail rotor.
Propulsion
155 mph
250 kph | 135 kts
Max Speed
10,335 ft
3,150 m | 2 miles
Service Ceiling
652 miles
1,050 km | 567 nm
Operational Range
1,315 ft/min
401 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the CAIC Z-18 Medium-Lift, Multirole Military Helicopter.
3
(MANNED)
Crew
75.6 ft
23.05 m
O/A Length
62.2 ft
(18.95 m)
O/A Width
21.8 ft
(6.65 m)
O/A Height
15,432 lb
(7,000 kg)
Empty Weight
29,762 lb
(13,500 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the CAIC Z-18 Medium-Lift, Multirole Military Helicopter .
Dependent upon operating model. Maritime combat forms equipped with torpedoes, anti-ship missiles, and naval mine dispensers.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the CAIC Z-18 family line.
Z-18 - Base Series Designation; standardized with FLIR/TV equipment and enhanced communications set; maritime model.
Z-18F - Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) variant serving Chinese Navy; surface-search radar as well as dipping sonar; sonobuoy support; provision for torpedoes, anti-ship missiles, and naval mines.
Z-18J - Airborne Early Warning (AEW) variant; equipped with locally-developed Active, Electronically-Scanned Array (AESA) radar.
Z-8G - Chinese Army variant; turreted Electro-Optical (EO) set; Terrain-Following Radar (TFR) equipped for overland travel.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the CAIC Z-18. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 100 Units

Contractor(s): AVICopter (Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation - CAIC) - China
National flag of China

[ China ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (155mph).

Graph Average of 150 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
100
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 2
Image of the CAIC Z-18
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
2 / 2
Image of the CAIC Z-18
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIRBORNE EARLY WARNING
ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE
ANTI-SHIP
ELECTRONIC WARFARE
MEDEVAC
SEARCH & RESCUE
TRANSPORT
VIP SERVICE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The CAIC Z-18 Medium-Lift, Multirole Military Helicopter appears in the following collections:
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