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Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3

Lightweight Single-Engine Fighter Proposal

Nazi Germany | 1945

"The Messerschmitt P.1092-3 was the third iteration of a compact jet-powered fighter study originating with the P.1092A."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/04/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Germany's fortunes in World War 2 (1939-1945) began to negatively change in 1943 and the situation only got worse in 1944, leaving Luftwaffe authorities scrambling for solutions to stave off defeat. The primary enemy-of-the-day was the relentless Allied day-and-night aerial bombing campaign which was taking its toll on German infrastructure and war-making capabilities. With the focus on turbojet technology, German engineers of the various aero-concerns of the war took to design all manner of war-winning aircraft - if they were to ever make it into the air.

For Messerschmitt, makers of the groundbreaking Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet-powered fighter, the "P.1092" project arose as a design study centered around a reusable, compact jet-powered fighter/interceptor platform focusing on simplified production, maintenance, and training. The project eventually encompassed a handful of related offshoots of which none were actually built during the war - but nonetheless offered a glimpse into the direction the company was taking their turbojet fighter thinking.

The P.1092 project was evolved from its original "P.1092A" form into the successive "P.1092/1", "P.1092/2", and "P.1092/3" offerings, all more-or-less utilizing the traits established by the original A-model drawings.

In the first P.1092A iteration, the aircraft carried a ventrally-mounted intake to aspirate the single turbojet engine buried in the lower section of the fuselage. The nose was to house the armament (side-by-side automatic cannons) and the single-seat cockpit was to be located aft of the guns and over the engine. While aspirated from under the nose, the engine exhausted through a port integrated under the empennage, terminating well-ahead of the tail unit proper. The tail section tapered towards the rear in the usual way and was given a "V-plane" arrangement. The wing mainplanes were mid-mounted at the fuselage sides and sported sweepback along both the leading and trailing edges. The undercarriage comprised a rather modern retractable, wheeled tricycle arrangement.

From this work was spawned the subsequent P.1092/1 which streamlined the original A-model concept through a raised dorsal spine, reworked engine housing, relocated nosewheel (now aft of the intake opening as opposed to ahead of it), and traditional single-finned tail unit. The primary feature of this model was to be its variable "wing sweep" mainplane function which could change in-flight depending on the current flying phase (take-off, landing, cruising, high-speed flight).

The follow-up P.1092/2 took this same design and to it was added a deeper fuselage. On the whole, many facets of the original were retained including the single-seat arrangement, traditional tail unit, and underslung turbojet housing.

The third iteration of the series became the P.1092/3 of July 1943 - the focus of this article - and involved a considerable departure from the norm, namely in that the cockpit was moved further back, ahead of the tailfin, and wholly-integrated into the tailfin's base. This relocated the pilot's position well-aft of midships but was done to enhance high-speed efficiency through reduced drag. Of course this would come at a price - namely in pilot vision out-of-the-cockpit, making for treacherous take-off and landing runs. The retractable tricycle undercarriage was carried over from the P.1092/2 submission as was its low ground clearance.

Despite the drawbacks of rear pilot placement, the proposed change freed the forward section of the fuselage to accommodate larger-caliber weapon systems while still allowing the fighter to retain its relatively compact dimensions. As such, armament would be increased to 4 x 30mm MK108 automatic cannons, these to be seated in pairs to either of the nose, allowing for a tremendous single-burst kill capability against any Allied bomber of the day.

Another feature reworked in the P.1092/3 design study was the intake - now bifurcated (split) to improve airflow to the single engine installation. Power was to come from a single Junkers Jumo 004C series turbojet engine developing 2,237lb of thrust. The low position of the turbojet was to have eased maintenance, repair, and replacement as well as refueling and reduced the amount of ductwork for airflow.

As drawn up, the revised fighter was to have an overall length of 26.5 feet, a wingspan of 30.8 feet, and a height of 11.8 feet. No other specifications were estimated / finalized before the end of the War in Europe in May of 1945.

At any event, the P.1092/3 ended its days as nothing more than a "paper airplane", one of many such types entertained by German aero-concerns and Luftwaffe authorities before the eventual defeat of Germany. It existed as nothing more than a design study for its time and was used to compare against other proposals of the day.

Beyond the three iterations of the P.1092 there was also the twin-engined P.1092/4 (with over-nose cockpit placement) and a P.1092/5 version following more in line with the P.1092/3 design - similarly none were furthered beyond the drawing board or concept stages.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3 Lightweight Single-Engine Fighter Proposal.
1 x Junkers Jumo 004C turbojet engine developing 2,237lb of thrust.
590 mph
950 kph | 513 kts
Max Speed
36,745 ft
11,200 m | 7 miles
Service Ceiling
559 miles
900 km | 486 nm
Operational Range
3,620 ft/min
1,103 m/min
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3 Lightweight Single-Engine Fighter Proposal.
26.6 ft
8.10 m
O/A Length
30.8 ft
(9.40 m)
O/A Width
11.8 ft
(3.60 m)
O/A Height
5,798 lb
(2,630 kg)
Empty Weight
8,091 lb
(3,670 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3 Lightweight Single-Engine Fighter Proposal .
4 x 30mm MK108 Automatic cannons seated in the nose assembly.
Notable series variants as part of the Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3 family line.
P.1092/3 - Base Project Designation; design study only.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Messerschmitt - Nazi Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Nazi Germany (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (590mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Image of the Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Messerschmitt Me P.1092/3 Lightweight Single-Engine Fighter Proposal appears in the following collections:
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