Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024) Special Forces
Aviation / Aerospace

Blohm and Voss Bv P.197

Single-Seat, Twin-Engine Interceptor Proposal [ 1944 ]

Despite its impressive design on paper, there proved little interest on the part of German authorities in furthering the Blohm and Voss Bv P.197 interceptor.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/26/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The middle-part of 1944 proved a watershed moment for the Germans in World War 2 (1939-1945). The Allies were making steady progress in the Italian campaign, across the vast East Front, and now were managing a foothold in northern France en route to Berlin by way of Paris. The decision was ultimately made to focus on curtailing the effects of the Allied bombing campaign which was wreaking havoc on various aspects of the German war machine and its people in both day and night.

One of the primary needs of the German Luftwaffe became a high-speed, high-altitude interceptor capable of dealing with the Allied bomber menace. With the increasing viability of turbojet engine technology, new generations of Luftwaffe aircraft could showcase unheard of performance and outpace anything the Allies could field. In the summer of 1944, German authorities laid down the requirements for such an aircraft encompassing a design to seat a single pilot, to be powered by twin turbojet engines, and be capable of operating at high-altitudes to meet the bomber threat head-on.

This led the concern of Blohm & Voss (BV), with a design directed by engineer Richard Vogt, to lay down plans for a largely conventional, compact, and aerodynamically-refined fighter to take advantage of turbojet technology. At the heart of this design, the "P.197", would be Germany's principle turbojet engine, the Junkers "Jumo" 004 series, featured in a paired installation. As each unit could produce between 1,800lb and 2,000lb of thrust, this would, in turn, provide the new aircraft with unparalleled performance at-altitude. To support the intended speed, the aircraft would have to be of compact form and feature swept wing surfaces.

The resulting BV design was true to form, the pilot seated well-forward in the fuselage under a largely-unobstructed canopy and aft of a short nosecone assembly - offered excellent vision from his seat. The body was well-rounded, made larger at its base than at the dorsal spine, and would house two of the turbojets in a side-by-side arrangement. To aspirate the propulsion scheme, there were two individual intakes featured under the cockpit and near each wing root - the engines then exhausting at the extreme end of the fuselage under the tail fin. The wing mainplanes were positioned slightly ahead of midships and were low-mounted along the fuselage sides, these members sporting sweepback at both their leading (up to 40 degrees) and trailing edges with clipped tips to boot. Similarly, the tailplanes, arranged in a "Multhopp-style" T-tail configuration, were all given sweepback. A tricycle undercarriage would be retractable and used for ground-running - the nose leg retracting into the fuselage while the main legs retracted under each wing member.

As drawn up, the aircraft was given a running length of 29.5 feet with a wingspan of 36.4 feet. Projected gross weight was 12,855lb.

The end result was an elegant fighter design representing one of the cleanest "paper airplanes" of the war and intended to become one of Germany's fastest in service due to its inherent power and small size. The design was made ready as soon as August 1944.

Performance estimates included a maximum speed between 620 and 660 miles-per-hour with a service ceiling slightly beyond 40,000 feet (necessitating both cockpit pressurization and an ejection seat system). Rate-of-climb was an optimistic 5,000 feet-per-minute (at best the classic Me262 could manage was 3,900 ft/min on twin Jumo 004 engines).

Proposed armament was an impressive 4 x 30mm MK 103 autocannons all mounted at the nose for concentrated firepower. This array would have been more than enough to bring down Allied heavy bombers in a single burst of fire. However, the large size of the projectiles would have limited onboard ammunition stocks. An alternative armament scheme involved 2 x 30mm Mk 103 autocannons with 2 x 20mm MG151/20 autocannons in the nose.

Despite all this, the P.197 went nowhere as there proved little interest in this impressive design from Blohm & Voss from German authorities.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany (abandoned)
Operators National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany
Service Year
Nazi Germany
National Origin
Project Status

General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.

29.5 ft
(9.00 meters)
36.4 ft
(11.10 meters)
10,692 lb
(4,850 kilograms)
Empty Weight
12,853 lb
(5,830 kilograms)
Maximum Take-Off Weight
+2,161 lb
(+980 kg)
Weight Difference

2 x Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet engine developing between 1,800lb and 2,000lb of thrust each.
643 mph
(1,035 kph | 559 knots)
Max Speed
41,010 ft
(12,500 m | 8 miles)
621 miles
(1,000 km | 540 nm)
5,000 ft/min
(1,524 m/min)

MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

4 x 30mm MK 103 autocannons in nose section.

2 x 30mm MK 103 autocannons in nose section.
2 x 20mm MG151/20 autocannons in nose section.


P.197 - Base Project Designation.
Project 197 - Alternative, long-form project designation.

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for Special Forces
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft


1 / 1
Image of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.197
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)