×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
AIRCRAFT / AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2
X-PLANE

Blohm and Voss Bv P.211


Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Interceptor (1945)


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Blohm and Voss Bv P.211 competed unsuccessfully against the design that would become the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager jet fighter in World War 2.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/24/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The intensity and success of the Allied day and night aerial bombing campaigns against Germany in World War 2 (1939-1945) prompted Luftwaffe officials to seek whatever counter could be had. This led to the establishment of the "Emergency Fighter Program" (EFP) of July 1944 that called for an economically-minded, single-seat, single-engine "fighter-interceptor" to combat the massed formations of heavy bombers as well as their accompanying escort fighters. While most of the usual defense industry players were approached in September of 1944, just two designs were officially accepted for further development - one originating from Blohm & Voss and the other from Heinkel.

The program was officially known to the Air Ministry as the "Volksjager", or the "People's Fighter", and intended for the final defense of Germany.

Part of the requirement was use of a single BMW 003D turbojet engine to achieve the desired performance - intended to best that of any contemporary Allied fighter such as the definitive forms of the North American P-51 "Mustang" and Supermarine "Spitfire". To this was added an overall weight limitation of no more than 4,400lb. The aircraft would have to rely on the least amount of strategic war material as possible (due to dwindling supplies), be relatively easy to mass-produce (by way of unskilled labor), and fly for at least thirty minutes after take-off. Production was expected to reach into the thousands monthly and pilots would be pulled from the stock of hastily-trained "Hitler Youth".

Authorities called for detailed design work to be made available as soon as September 14th, 1944 and the first combat-ready aircraft should be available as soon as January 1st, 1945 - such was the expediency of the program and the desperate situation for Germany by this time. In essence, the design teams were given about four months to bring their aircraft from paper to physical, operating form - quite the optimistic undertake to be sure.

The Blohm & Voss submission (credited to Richard Vogt) became the "Bv P.211" of which two distinct forms of this same aircraft were proposed. The Bv P.211.01 seated its sole turbojet within the fuselage, aspirated by a nose-mounted intake and exhausted through a port under a tail stem structure. The single pilot sat under a largely unobstructed canopy with good views out-of-the-cockpit. The tail unit was of conventional arrangement (single rudder, twin horizontal planes) and this was held at the extreme aft-end of a stem extending out over the fuselage rear. The mainplanes were low-mounted at the fuselage sides and positioned at midships with sweepback found along both the leading and trailing edges. A manually-retracting, wheeled tricycle undercarriage would be used for ground-running (lowering the gear was through simple physics).

The counterpart Bv P.211.02 offering was simplified with shoulder-mounted, straight-lined mainplanes (of constant chord) to ease development and serial per-unit production. All other physical and technical qualities of the P.211.01 were carried over into the P.211.02 proposal.

The P.211 fighter was proposed with a maximum speed of 537 miles-per-hour and could reach altitudes between 25,000 and 30,000 feet. With this in mind, it is assumed cockpit pressurization and an ejection seat would have been part of the aircraft's make-up. Armament as most likely to be the usual German late-war loadout of 2 x 30mm MK 108 heavy autocannons - enough punch to take down any Allied heavy bomber in a single burst. The guns would have been embedded in the lower frontal fuselage sides.

Of the submissions taken into consideration, German authorities initially elected to push the Blohm & Voss design through in a decision undertaken on September 19th, 1944. However, the availability of an impressive-looking mockup for Heinkel's P.1073 led to the decision being rescinded and the contract awarded to Heinkel instead no more than a week later.

The P.1073 was quickly evolved under the "Salamander" name to become the "Volksjager" fighter of World War 2 history - while it was also known to Heinkel as the "Spatz" ("Sparrow"). This aircraft, with its dorsally-mounted engine and upward-cranked tailplanes, went on to be produced in the hundreds but held little impact in the outcome of the war as the Allies ultimately closed in on their production and operating locations.

No P.211 aircraft were ever completed while the He 162 went on to see a short-lived service life due to the end of the war in 1945.

Specifications



Service Year
1945

Origin
Nazi Germany national flag graphic
Nazi Germany

Status
CANCELLED
Development Ended.
Crew
1

Production
0
UNITS


Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Interception
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.


Empty Wgt
3,086 lb
(1,400 kg)
MTOW
4,409 lb
(2,000 kg)
Wgt Diff
+1,323 lb
(+600 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Blohm and Voss Bv P.211 production variant)
Installed: 1 x BMW 003A-1 turbojet engine developing 1,765lb of thrust.
Max Speed
485 mph
(780 kph | 421 kts)
Ceiling
27,887 ft
(8,500 m | 5 mi)
Range
559 mi
(900 km | 1,667 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
4,000 ft/min
(1,219 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Blohm and Voss Bv P.211 production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
PROPOSED:
2 x 20mm MG 151/20 automatic cannons OR 2 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannons.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


P.211 - Base Project Designation.
P.211.01 - Proposed variant one.
P.211.02 - Proposed variant two.


Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-