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WORLD WAR 1

Euler D.I


Biplane Fighting Scout Aircraft (1917)


Aviation / Aerospace

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Image from the Public Domain.

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The Euler D.I represented a World War I-era German Empire copy of the Allied Nieuport 11 biplane fighter.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
During the air war of World War 1 (1914-1918), Euler-Werke of the German Empire was one of several concerns given the task of designing a "fighting scout" in the image of the excellent French-made Nieuport 11 "Bebe" biplane fighter to serve German purposes in the conflict. The Bebe first appeared in January of 1916 and proved hugely instrumental in ending the reign of the German Fokkers - the period of dominance known as the "Fokker Scourge" which spanned from August of 1915 until early-1916.

The same biplane-winged, single-seat, single-engine configuration was adopted to produce the Euler D.I. V-shaped struts were used to brace the upper and lower wing members and an Oberursel U.O. 7-cylinder rotary engine of 80 horsepower output was selected to drive the two-bladed wooden propeller unit situated at the nose. The pilot sat aft of the engine installation and under/aft the upper wing member in the usual way. A portion of the wing member was cut away to aid viewing the action above the aircraft. The tail utilized a small-area rudder with low-set horizontal planes and the aircraft accomplished ground-running through a traditional tail-dragger arrangement.

As in the Nieuport 11, the D.I carried a single 7.92mm machine gun installed over the engine and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.

The aircraft could managed a maximum speed of 87 miles-per-hour and reached an altitude of 2,000 meters in just over 12 minutes.

A first-flight in prototype form of the D.I was recorded in the Fall of 1916. That October, German authorities, satisfied with the progress on the D.I, placed an order for some fifty aircraft even before the D.I had been truly tested. A pair of prototypes served as fighter trainers before the end of the year but the aircraft did not undertake the formal requisite trials until January of 1917. Another fifty aircraft were added to the existing order but these were finished to the D.II standard form detailed elsewhere on this site.

The Euler D.I held little impact, if any, on the war.

Specifications



Service Year
1917

Origin
Imperial Germany national flag graphic
Imperial Germany

Status
RETIRED
Not in Service.
Crew
1

Production
53
UNITS


Euler-Werke - German Empire
National flag of the German Empire German Empire
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.


Length
19.0 ft
(5.80 m)
Width/Span
26.6 ft
(8.10 m)
Height
8.7 ft
(2.65 m)
Empty Wgt
838 lb
(380 kg)
MTOW
1,323 lb
(600 kg)
Wgt Diff
+485 lb
(+220 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Euler D.I production variant)
Installed: 1 x Oberursel U.O. 7-cylinder rotary piston engine developing 80 horsepower and driving a two-bladed wooden propeller at the nose.
Max Speed
87 mph
(140 kph | 76 kts)
Rate-of-Climb
525 ft/min
(160 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Euler D.I production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
1 x 7.92 machine gun in fixed, forward-firing mounting over the nose synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


D.I - Base Series Designation.


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