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Morane-Saulnier MS.410


Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter


France | 1939



"The Morane-Saulnier MS.410 was a short-lived, improved extension of the pre-World War 2 MS.406 series."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/26/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
There was much going on behind the scenes during France's battle for its very existence under the pressure of the German war machine in May-June 1940. In the years leading up to the war, a plethora of programs were undertaken to shore up French military strength in the region and abroad and one product of the period became the "MS.406" - an all-modern single-seat, single-engine monoplane fighter put forth by long-time airplane-maker Morane-Saulnier. The type recorded its first-flight on August 8th, 1935 (as the prototype "MS.405") and series introduction occurred in 1938 - just in time for war.

The aircraft showcased a sleek design consistent with the period: the nose contained a spinner which contoured nicely with the smooth edges of the cowling and fuselage. The cockpit was seated at midships with the pilot under a framed canopy. The mainplanes were near midships as well and of straight-lined design with rounded tips. The tail unit incorporated a tapering vertical fin to go along with low-mounted horizontal planes. The undercarriage, of tail-dragger form, was retractable.

Further development evolved the MS.406 into the upgraded "MS.410", this as the MS.406 series was just reaching French fighter squadrons during 1939. Proposed changes to the original aircraft included a much stronger wing with more internal volume so as to add another pair of 7.5mm MAC 1934 drum-fed machine guns - bringing the armament to 1 x 20mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 autocannon firing through the propeller hub with 4 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns in the wings. The retracting radiator feature of the original MS.406 was deleted in favor of a simpler, fixed arrangement. Exhaust "ejectors" were also added to transfer some of the engine's byproduct to become additional thrust to aid straight line performance.

Better armed, stronger and faster than its progenitor, the MS.410 looked to be the next logical step in the evolution of the promising MS.406 as a whole.

However, fortunes for the new fighter changed when the Battle of France turned against the defenders. About 150 of the new wings had been completed at the time of the French surrender in June of 1940 and only five MS.410s had been completed at all. With the Germans now in control, many aero-projects suffered cancellation but some were allowed to continue under their new masters - mainly to shore up ongoing needs covering newly-conquered territories or in support of German allies.

As such, the MS.410 modernization program got underway and a batch of existing MS.406 fighters were fitted with the new four-gun wings. To simplify matters, the exhaust ejection feature was altogether dropped and only some of the lot were fitted with the simpler radiator arrangement.

What MS.410s managed to see completion were either held locally or shipped off to allied Finland (eleven total examples in this case) in 1941 to be used against the Soviets. Croatia became the only other known recipient of this particular variant fighter design.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Morane-Saulnier MS.410 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter.
1 x Hispano-Suiza 12Y-31 liquid-cooled inline-piston engine developing 860 horsepower while driving a three-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Propulsion
316 mph
509 kph | 275 kts
Max Speed
621 miles
1,000 km | 540 nm
Operational Range
2,550 ft/min
777 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Morane-Saulnier MS.410 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
26.7 ft
8.15 m
O/A Length
34.9 ft
(10.65 m)
O/A Width
8.9 ft
(2.70 m)
O/A Height
4,189 lb
(1,900 kg)
Empty Weight
5,512 lb
(2,500 kg)
MTOW
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Morane-Saulnier MS.410 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter .
1 x 20mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 autocannon in firing through the propeller hub.
4 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns in wings (drum-fed).
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Morane-Saulnier MS.410 family line.
MS.410 - Base Series Designation; 74 conversions from existing MS.406 series fighters.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Morane-Saulnier MS.410. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 74 Units

Contractor(s): Morane-Saulnier - France
National flag of Croatia National flag of France National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Croatia; Finland; France; Nazi Germany ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (316mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Production Comparison
74
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
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Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Morane-Saulnier MS.410
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Morane-Saulnier MS.410 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter appears in the following collections:
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