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Moskalev SAM-23


Ground-Attack Aircraft Proposal


Soviet Union | 1943



"The Moskalev SAM-23 of 1943 was drawn up as a potential dedicated ground-attack platform armed through machine guns, cannon, and rockets."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/18/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
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Performance
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Impact
Alexsandr A. Moskalev never found the level of success that his Soviet World War 2-era (1939-1945) peers found - most of his forward-thinking designs ended their days as mere "paper airplanes". Plenty of contributions were apparent, however, and these ranged from the SAM-1 sesquiplane monoplane fighter of 1930 to the SAM-28 motorized glider of 1943. In-between there lay a plethora of design forms that included the "SAM-23", a single-seat, single-engine ground-attack aircraft of unique design form appearing during the fighting of World War 2 in 1943.

NOTE: The "SAM-23" designation was also used for a later troop-carrying glider of 1944. While incorporating a twin-boom layout, it held a boxy fuselage and was its own design apart from the SAM-23 ground-attack platform detailed in this article.

The aircraft was given a centralized nacelle making up the fuselage and housing the avionics, cockpit, and propulsion system while the tail section was made up of a twin-boom configuration. The single-seat cockpit was positioned just aft of the rounded nose section and covered over in a framed canopy. Views to the rear were obstructed by the raised dorsal spine as well as the wing mainplanes, which were shoulder-mounted atop the fuselage. The engine was seated aft and above the pilot's position in "pusher" configuration and set to drive a simple two-bladed propeller unit - pushing air between the two tail booms. The booms were joined at the aft-end of the aircraft by a single horizontal plane which, rather interestingly, mounted only a single vertical tail fin (two outboard planes were typical of such designs). The undercarriage was fixed and of a tail-dragger arrangement, incorporating two large main wheels forward and a small single wheel aft.

Drive power was to come from 1 x Mikulin M-11 series engine offering 150 horsepower.

One of the more interesting aspects the aircraft was a retracting tail wheel skid that is explained as a rudimentary terrain-following device, lowered and raised as needed.

The aircraft was proposed with armament comprised of 2 x 20mm ShVAK autocannons as well as 2 x 7.62mm ShKAS machine guns to go along with support for up to 4 x RS-82 air-to-surface rockets. This would have given it considerable killing power for the period, certainly suitable for ground-attack sorties against German convoys and static postions.

Like other Moskalev designs of the period, the radical SAM-23 proposal was not advanced.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Moskalev SAM-23 Ground-Attack Aircraft Proposal.
1 x Mikulin M-11 piston engine developing 150 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller unit in pusher configuration at the rear of the fuselage nacelle.
Propulsion
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Moskalev SAM-23 Ground-Attack Aircraft Proposal.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Moskalev SAM-23 Ground-Attack Aircraft Proposal .
PROPOSED:
2 x 20mm ShVAK autocannons.
2 x 7.62mm ShKAS machine guns.

OPTIONAL:
4 x RS-82 air-to-surface rockets.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Moskalev SAM-23 family line.
SAM-23 - Base Project Designation.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Moskalev SAM-23. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Moskalev - Soviet Union
National flag of the Soviet Union

[ Soviet Union (cancelled). ]
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Image of the Moskalev SAM-23
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Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
CLOSE-AIR SUPPORT
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Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Moskalev SAM-23 Ground-Attack Aircraft Proposal appears in the following collections:
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