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Daher TBM (series)

Single-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Passenger / Utility Aircraft [ 1990 ]

The Daher-SOCATA turboprop-powered passenger hauler has seen production reach nearly 1,000 units since service entry in 1990.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/09/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The TBM series of turboprop-powered, high-performance passenger haulers was developed under the French brand label of SOCATA and U.S.-based Mooney Airplane Company. SOCATA then fell under the EADS parent label before becoming Daher-SOCATA, now known simply as "Daher". The Mooney Airplane Company now falls under Chinese ownership and is owned by the Soaring America Corporation.

The TBM offers VIP-level comfort and exceptional performance for an aircraft of this class. Seating is between four and six depending on production model and seating configuration. The Pratt & Whitney Canada turboprop provides jet-like performance with the efficiency and reliability of a propeller-driven combustion engine. The line is noted for its excellent short-field performance, giving it access to more remote runways of the world where business jets typically cannot access.

The aircraft features a single engine design with the powerplant seated in the long nose section. The cockpit is fitted just aft of it and seats two side-by-side with relatively good vision out-of-the-cockpit. The fuselage also houses the multi-seat passenger cabin and cargo area before tapering towards the rear. The tail unit is comprised of a single vertical fin with low-mounted horizontal planes. The wing mainplanes are low-mounted and unswept along the fuselage sides - newer models sport fuel-saving "winglets". Ground-running is accomplished by a robust tricycle undercarriage which is wholly retractable.

To date (2018), total production of the TBM series has reached 900 aircraft and the family encompasses several notable variants ranging from the original 700-series to the newer 900-series.

TBM 700

The TBM 700 was introduced to the marketplace in 1990 through the TBM 700A offering and its powerful PWC PT6A-64 turboprop engine fit. This was then followed by the TBM 700B with added an enlarged passenger entry/exit door to facilitate passenger and cargo loading/unloading while other changes improved passenger comfort. The TBM 700C had its airframe reinforced and its avionics suite upgraded as well as a new cargo bay added behind the passenger seating area. The TBM 700C2 was given a reinforced undercarriage with all-new seating for passengers and performance was improved as well.

The TBM 700 is marketed with a maximum range of 1,305 nautical miles and a cruising speed reaching 300 knots. It carries six passengers and has a useful load of 1,347lb. Its take-off distance is 2,133feet. Power is from a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-64 inverse-flow turbine offering 700 horsepower while driving a Hartzell propeller unit.

TBM 850

The TBM 850 was introduced in 2006 and differed in carrying the higher-performance Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66D turboprop engine of 700-850 horsepower. In 2008, the Garmin G1000 avionics suite was brought online with the series and 2012 saw the arrival of the "Elite Interior" model which gave modularity to the passenger seating arrangement and cargo options (switching between a four or six seat configuration).

The TBM 850 has a maximum range out to 1,585 nautical miles and cruises at speeds of 320 knots. It can carry six passengers in comfort and has a payload rating of 1,453lb. Take-off distance is 2,840 feet.©MilitaryFactory.com
TBM 900

The TBM 900 has improved the family line by introduction of a carbon-fiber cowling section, composite winglets, all-new propeller spinner design, revised exhaust system, and added dorsal fin. Internally, passenger comfort has been enhanced to provide the best VIP experience for an aircraft of this class. The cockpit is updated with automated pressurization control, revised electrical/power systems, simplified engine starting and controls, and weather radar overlay. Three large, color displays dominate the instrument panel with throttle controls seated between the two pilots (yoke controls and rudder pedals are doubled in the cockpit allowing the aircraft to be piloted form either position).

The airframe has been given attention in the areas of fracture-prevention, strength, and extended service life. The winglets measure 2 feet in height and are positioned at the extreme tips of each wing mainplane member. Beyond aerodynamics, the winglets offer additional controlling, reduced drag, and fuel efficiency. The tail has been aerodynamically refined to reduce drag and improve efficiency. External lighting has also been enhanced. The undercarriage benefits from the addition of an inner door to better combat the effects of turbulence encountered near the landing gear wells.

The TBM 900 is powered by the Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66D turboprop engine of 850 horsepower giving the platform a maximum range of 1,730 nautical miles and a speed of 330 knots. It can carry six with a maximum payload reaching 1,400lb. Take-off distance is 2,380 feet.

TBM 910

The TBM 910 of 2017 is built upon the improved framework of the TBM 900 model so it offers the same performance, range and qualities of the earlier product. The TBM 910 sports an all-glass cockpit centered on the Garmin G1000 NXi avionics fit (succeeding the G1000 unit) and improves passenger comfort through new seats.

The aircraft has a maximum range out to 1,730 nautical miles with a maximum cruising speed of 30 knots. It carries six passengers and has a payload maximum of 1,400lb with a take-off distance of 2,380 feet.

TBM 930

The TBM 930 of 2018 features the Garmin G3000 avionics fit which fully-integrates various systems into the pilot's workflow. The instrument panel sports three high-resolution displays with full touch-screen control. All other refinements and improvements of the 900 series are carried over to provide the best flying capabilities and crew/passenger comforts possible.

The TBM 930 offers a maximum range out to 1,730 nautical miles and reaches speeds of 330 knots. Six persons can be carried in the cabin space and the payload is rated up to 1,400lb. Take-off distance reaches 2,380 feet.


Beyond its obvious general aviation value, the TBM has been taken into service at the military level with the French Air Force as well as its Army Light Aviation branch. Fifteen serve the former while eight serve the latter as of this writing (2018).©MilitaryFactory.com
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May 2019 - The improved Model 940 product has been announced with Garmin G3000 touchscreen cockpit interfacing.

February 2020 - An enhanced version of the Model 940 has been unveiled, this carrying the HomeSafe emergency autoland system.

February 2021 - The French military has ordered four Daher TBM 940 aircraft for use in flight testing. The French Air and Space Force has fifteen of the type in service while the French Army Light Aviation (ALAT) division utilizes some eight examples.


Daher (SOCATA / EADS) - France
France; United States
Operators National flag of France National flag of the United States
Service Year
National Origin
Project Status

General transport functionality to move supplies/cargo or personnel (including wounded and VIP) over range.
Used in roles serving the commercial aviation market, ferrying both passengers and goods over range.
Used in the Very-Important-Person (VIP) passenger transport role, typically with above-average amenities and luxuries as standard.

35.3 ft
(10.75 meters)
42.2 ft
(12.85 meters)
14.3 ft
(4.35 meters)
4,630 lb
(2,100 kilograms)
Empty Weight
7,397 lb
(3,355 kilograms)
Maximum Take-Off Weight
+2,767 lb
(+1,255 kg)
Weight Difference

1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66D turboprop engine of 850 horsepower driving a five-bladed Hartzell propeller at the nose.
382 mph
(615 kph | 332 knots)
Max Speed
31,168 ft
(9,500 m | 6 miles)
2,054 miles
(3,305 km | 1,785 nm)
1,635 ft/min
(498 m/min)

MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


TBM - Base Series Name.
TBM 700A - Initial production model; powered by PWC PT6A-64 engine series.
TBM 700B - Enlarged door.
TBM 700C1 - Improved model; strengthened structure; rear, unpressurized cargo area.
TBM 700C2 - Increased MTOW.
TBM 700N - Early-form production models of the TBM 850 series design.
TBM 850 - Improved performance variant; PWC PT6A-66D series 850hp engines.
TBM 850 G1000 - Garmin G1000 avionics fit; increased fuel capacity.
TBM 850 "Elite" - Modernized TBM 850; increased internal space.
TBM 900 - Improved TBM 850; winglets added for fuel efficiency and control; increased performance all-around.
TBM 910 - Model of April 2017; Garmin G1000 NXi avionics.
TBM 930 - Model of April 2016; Garmin G3000 avionics.
TBM 940 - Model of October 2019; integrated auto-throttling and automated de-icer features.

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Image of the Daher TBM (series)
Image from official Daher-SOCATA marketing materials.

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