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Airbus A319


Narrow-Body, Short-to-Medium Route Passenger Jet Airliner


France | 1996



"The Airbus A319 airliner product has proven itself a commercial success for the French company and is an offshoot of the existing A320 passenger-hauling line."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/05/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Airbus of France introduced their key A320 airliner product in 1988 by way of air carrier Air France and the family has since grown the critical product line to include the short-hull A318, short-hull A319, and stretched A321 offshoots. All have been designed around the capability to reach short-to-medium ranged destinations through a twin-engine approach. The A319, the focus of this article, is designed as a short-hulled version of the base A320 and can haul up to 160 passengers in multi-class seating to ranges reaching 4,000 miles. The A319 series has become a commercially successful product for Airbus with nearly 1,500 examples built to date (mid-2018).

Very little has changed in the A319 when comparing it to the original A320 beyond its shortened hull. The type was devised to counter the market grip of the Boeing 737-300 and 737-700 series jets. This involved a reduction in overall length by removal of seven sections of hull - thereby reducing length by just over 12 feet. The powerplant of choice became 2 x CFM56-5A or V2500-A5 series turbofan engines. The result is an aircraft which retained the exceptional passenger- and cargo-hauling qualities of the A320 though now with added range.

The finalized aircraft was rolled out in August of 1995 and a first-flight was recorded on August 25th of that year. Certification was granted in April of the following year. SwissAir was the launch customer in April of 1996.

As designed, the A319 carries a flight crew of two (not counting support staff) and can seat between 150 and 160 passengers depending on seating and class arrangement (one or two classes). Overall length is 111 feet with a wingspan of 117.4 feet and a height of 38.6 feet. Empty weight is 90,000lb against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 166,000lb.

Power is from 2 x CFM International CFM56 or IAE V2500 series turbofan engines providing between 22,000lb and 27,000lb of thrust each unit. These are mounted in nacelles found under each wing mainplane. Maximum speed is 540 miles per hour with cruising closer to 515mph. Range with a standard loadout is 3,750 miles (it is capable of crossing each ocean on both of America's coasts). Its service ceiling can reach 41,000 feet.

The A319 sub-family of jets consists of several variants all its own (that is, apart from the A320 line). This includes the A319CJ (now ACJ319) corporate-minded hauler with seating for thirty-nine, the A319neo (New Engine Option) modernization product (offering CFM International or Pratt & Whitney turbofan engines), the proposed A319 MPA (Maritime Patrol Aircraft) over-water military platform (intended to compete with the Boeing P-8 "Poseidon"), and the A319LR (Long-Range) extended range model.

Deliveries of the A319 have tapered off considerably since they began in 1996 (eighteen were delivered that year compared to just two in 2018). Peak deliveries occurred in 2005 with 142 finding homes with various air carriers and, the following year, a further 137 were brought online. At least thirty A319neo models are on order though this variant in the "neo" line have now seen the market interest that the A320 and A321 have casting some doubt as to its future.

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December 2018 - The CFM International LEAP-1A-engined A319neo has received its European (EASA) and American (FAA) airspace type certification paving the way for formal operations involving the type to begin in 2019.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Airbus A319 Narrow-Body, Short-to-Medium Route Passenger Jet Airliner.
2 x CFM International CFM56 OR IAE V2500 series turbofan engines offering between 22,000lb and 27,000lb of thrust each.
Propulsion
541 mph
870 kph | 470 kts
Max Speed
41,010 ft
12,500 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
4,350 miles
7,000 km | 3,780 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Airbus A319 Narrow-Body, Short-to-Medium Route Passenger Jet Airliner.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
111.1 ft
33.85 m
O/A Length
117.5 ft
(35.80 m)
O/A Width
38.5 ft
(11.75 m)
O/A Height
90,004 lb
(40,825 kg)
Empty Weight
166,008 lb
(75,300 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Airbus A319 family line.
A319 - Base Series Designation
A319CJ - Corporate variant seating 39.
ACJ319 - Rebranding of A319CJ
A319neo - "New Engine Option" model with support for CFM LEAP or PW1100G engine series.
A319MPA - Proposed Maritime Patrol Platform for military service.
A319LR - Long-range model reaching out to 4,500 nautical miles.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Airbus A319. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1,469 Units

Contractor(s): Airbus - France
National flag of Austria National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Belgium National flag of Brazil National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Canada National flag of Chile National flag of China National flag of Croatia National flag of Cyprus National flag of Ecuador National flag of France National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Greece National flag of India National flag of Iran National flag of Italy National flag of Jordan National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of Libya National flag of Lithuania National flag of Macedonia National flag of Myanmar National flag of Namibia National flag of Pakistan National flag of Portugal National flag of Russia National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of Serbia National flag of Slovenia National flag of South Africa National flag of Spain National flag of Sweden National flag of Switzerland National flag of Taiwan National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkey National flag of Tunisia National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States National flag of Zimbabwe

[ Aruba; Austria; Azerbaijan; Belgium; Bhutan; Brazil; Bulgaria; Canada; China; Chile; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cyprus; Ecuador; El Salvador; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; India; Iran; Italy; Ivory Coast; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Libya; Lithuania; Macedonia; Malta; Mauritius; Moldova; Myanmar; Namibia; Panama; Pakistan; Portugal; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Thailand; Tunisia; Turkey; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Zimbabwe ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (541mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1469
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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1 / 1
Image of the Airbus A319
Image from official Airbus marketing materials.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
MARITIME / NAVY
TRANSPORT
COMMERCIAL AVIATION
RECONNAISSANCE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Airbus A319 Narrow-Body, Short-to-Medium Route Passenger Jet Airliner appears in the following collections:
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