Airbus of France introduced their key A320 airliner product in 1988 by way of air carrier Air France and the family has since grown the critical product line to include the short-hull A318, short-hull A319, and stretched A321 offshoots. All have been designed around the capability to reach short-to-medium ranged destinations through a twin-engine approach. The A319, the focus of this article, is designed as a short-hulled version of the base A320 and can haul up to 160 passengers in multi-class seating to ranges reaching 4,000 miles. The A319 series has become a commercially successful product for Airbus with nearly 1,500 examples built to date (mid-2018).
Very little has changed in the A319 when comparing it to the original A320 beyond its shortened hull. The type was devised to counter the market grip of the Boeing 737-300 and 737-700 series jets. This involved a reduction in overall length by removal of seven sections of hull - thereby reducing length by just over 12 feet. The powerplant of choice became 2 x CFM56-5A or V2500-A5 series turbofan engines. The result is an aircraft which retained the exceptional passenger- and cargo-hauling qualities of the A320 though now with added range.
The finalized aircraft was rolled out in August of 1995 and a first-flight was recorded on August 25th of that year. Certification was granted in April of the following year. SwissAir was the launch customer in April of 1996.
As designed, the A319 carries a flight crew of two (not counting support staff) and can seat between 150 and 160 passengers depending on seating and class arrangement (one or two classes). Overall length is 111 feet with a wingspan of 117.4 feet and a height of 38.6 feet. Empty weight is 90,000lb against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 166,000lb.
Power is from 2 x CFM International CFM56 or IAE V2500 series turbofan engines providing between 22,000lb and 27,000lb of thrust each unit. These are mounted in nacelles found under each wing mainplane. Maximum speed is 540 miles per hour with cruising closer to 515mph. Range with a standard loadout is 3,750 miles (it is capable of crossing each ocean on both of America's coasts). Its service ceiling can reach 41,000 feet.
The A319 sub-family of jets consists of several variants all its own (that is, apart from the A320 line). This includes the A319CJ (now ACJ319) corporate-minded hauler with seating for thirty-nine, the A319neo (New Engine Option) modernization product (offering CFM International or Pratt & Whitney turbofan engines), the proposed A319 MPA (Maritime Patrol Aircraft) over-water military platform (intended to compete with the Boeing P-8 "Poseidon"), and the A319LR (Long-Range) extended range model.
Deliveries of the A319 have tapered off considerably since they began in 1996 (eighteen were delivered that year compared to just two in 2018). Peak deliveries occurred in 2005 with 142 finding homes with various air carriers and, the following year, a further 137 were brought online. At least thirty A319neo models are on order though this variant in the "neo" line have now seen the market interest that the A320 and A321 have casting some doubt as to its future.
December 2018 - The CFM International LEAP-1A-engined A319neo has received its European (EASA) and American (FAA) airspace type certification paving the way for formal operations involving the type to begin in 2019.
Aruba; Austria; Azerbaijan; Belgium; Bhutan; Brazil; Bulgaria; Canada; China; Chile; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cyprus; Ecuador; El Salvador; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; India; Iran; Italy; Ivory Coast; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Libya; Lithuania; Macedonia; Malta; Mauritius; Moldova; Myanmar; Namibia; Panama; Pakistan; Portugal; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Thailand; Tunisia; Turkey; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Zimbabwe
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
✓Maritime / Navy
Land-based or shipborne capability for operating over-water in various maritime-related roles while supported by allied naval surface elements.
General transport functionality to move supplies/cargo or personnel (including wounded and VIP) over range.
Used in roles serving the commercial aviation market, ferrying both passengers and goods over range.
✓Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.
111.1 ft (33.85 m)
117.5 ft (35.80 m)
38.5 ft (11.75 m)
90,004 lb (40,825 kg)
166,008 lb (75,300 kg)
+76,004 lb (+34,475 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Airbus A319 production variant)
2 x CFM International CFM56 OR IAE V2500 series turbofan engines offering between 22,000lb and 27,000lb of thrust each.
A319 - Base Series Designation
A319CJ - Corporate variant seating 39.
ACJ319 - Rebranding of A319CJ
A319neo - "New Engine Option" model with support for CFM LEAP or PW1100G engine series.
A319MPA - Proposed Maritime Patrol Platform for military service.
A319LR - Long-range model reaching out to 4,500 nautical miles.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.
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