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Aviation / Aerospace

Piaggio P.2HH Hammerhead

Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) / Drone [ 2023 ]

The P.2HH is the planned, in-development successor to the P.180-based P.1HH Hammerhead advanced UAV - promising improved capabilities throughout.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/30/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

With the P.1HH "Hammerhead" Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) set to begin deliveries to launch customer United Arab Emirates in mid-2018, Piaggio of Italy - with input from the UAE - has begun looking towards the future for a more evolved successor in the "P.2HH". The original P.1HH is based on a heavily modified form of the company's P.180 "Avanti" (detailed elsewhere on this site) VIP pusher prop-driven passenger hauler while the P.2HH is set to incorporate the changes instituted in another P.180 derivative - the Multirole Patrol Aircraft (MPA). The venture is being supported locally in Italy by the Italian Air Force which holds a running interest in advanced UAV types like the Hammerhead.

The P.2HH will bring about increased capability by way of key design changes, namely a larger fuselage structure for increased internal volume and all-new, wider-spanning composite wings for increased endurance. All this will allow for greater fuel and equipment loads (up to 1,500lb) as well as loitering/mission times (30 hours is the stated goal). The same pusher prop-driven engine arrangement will be featured as will the canard wing configuration (though with an all-new canard wing design) and tricycle landing gear. Other carry-over qualities of the P.1HH include the Multhopp "T-style" tail unit. The twin pusher propeller (multi-blade) engine arrangement has been shown to provide better performance than competing designs. Winglets added to the mainplanes will promote fuel efficiency.

As the P.180 Avanti is already a European-airspace-certified platform so this, by default, gives any future Piaggio attempts at a UAV based on the design an edge over foreign competitors. The multirole P.2HH will be able to cover the gamut of civil airspace roles including border patrol, humanitarian air, disaster relief, general surveillance and the like while also being very capable of military-level service.

The Italian and UAE air services are envisioning an initial fleet of about ten P.2HH aircraft each providing the program with a perfect starting point in netting other potential foreign orders in the future. Deliveries of the new system are scheduled for early-2020 based on the given timetable.

Performance data presented below are estimates made on the part of the author based on the existing P.1HH design.©MilitaryFactory.com
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February 2019 - Funding originally set aside for the P.2HH program will be used to completed the P.1HH UAV. These are set to be delivered to the Italian Air Force (four examples).


Service Year

Italy national flag graphic

Program in Progress.

National flag of Italy National flag of the United Arab Emirates Italy (possible); United Arab Emirates (possible)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.
Unmanned Capability
Aircraft inherently designed (or later developed) with an unmanned capability to cover a variety of over-battlefield roles.

50.9 ft
(15.50 m)
49.2 ft
(15.00 m)
13.1 ft
(4.00 m)
Empty Wgt
20,283 lb
(9,200 kg)
33,069 lb
(15,000 kg)
Wgt Diff
+12,787 lb
(+5,800 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Piaggio P.2HH Hammerhead production variant)
Installed: ASSUMED: 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6-66B turboprop engines developing 850 shaft horsepower each (estimated) driving multi-bladed propeller units in pusher arrangement.
Max Speed
342 mph
(550 kph | 297 kts)
50,853 ft
(15,500 m | 10 mi)
3,728 mi
(6,000 km | 11,112 nm)
4,000 ft/min
(1,219 m/min)

♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Piaggio P.2HH Hammerhead production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
None. Mission equipment payload to reach about 1,500lb.

Supported Types

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
P.2HH "Hammerhead" - Base Series Designation; modified form of the earlier P.1HH, itself based on the P.180 Avanti VIP passenger hauler, with changes seen in the in-development MPA platform.

General Assessment
Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry.
Rating is out of a possible 100 points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (342mph).

Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
Piaggio P.2HH Hammerhead operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
Max Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected above are altitude, speed, and range.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the Piaggio P.2HH Hammerhead
Image from Italian Air Force press release showing artist impression of the P.2HH design.

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