×
Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Grumman XTSF-1 (G-66)


Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Carrierborne Torpedo Bomber Proposal


United States | 1945



"The Grumman XTSF-1 was another contender to replace the war-winning TBF Avenger family - only a mockup was completed."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/12/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
It was long road towards acceptance of a twin-engined aircraft for carrier-based operations by the United States Navy (USN) during World War 2 (1937-1945). This was eventually realized with the adoption of the Grumman F7F "Tigercat" which first-flew on November 2nd, 1943 but the design arrived too late to see combat service in the conflict. Three hundred sixty-four of the type were built but only the late-model F7F-4N was actually certified for carrier deck operations - the rest of the lot were operated from land bases.

During the latter half of the war, the USN was actively searching for a replacement for its war-winning Grumman TBF "Avenger" torpedo bomber. This single-engine, three-crew platform was built in nearly 10,000 examples before the end of its run and went on to be used by various global air services during the war and after it. There were several attempts, such as the XTB2F-1 (detailed elsewhere on this site), that were meant to succeed the classic Navy attacker.

The XTB2F-1 ended up being much too large and heavy for service aboard the Essex- and Midway-class aircraft carriers and was cancelled after a review of the mockup. The service then turned its attention to another possible candidate - this in the form of a modified F7F Tigercat - to which Grumman responded with the "Model G-66" proposal. Use of the existing Tigercat design was intended to speed up development and production while also controlling costs. Grumman responded with a concept in June of 1944 and this form was revised some following a Navy review in July of that year. A development contract was then handed over in August to cover a pair of flyable prototypes under the XTSF-1 designation. By this point, the Navy foresaw a combat aircraft capable of torpedo delivery but also in scouting the vast expanses of the Pacific (so inherent range was equally important). A mock-up became ready for review in October of 1944.

From the base F7F-2 airframe, Grumman engineers reworked the fuselage to accept radar and a bomb bay. The former was installed in an enlarged nose cone which immediately changed the fine lines of the Tigercat for the worse and added nearly six inches to her length. The intended radar fit would have been the AN/APS-3 or AN/APS-4 series models. The existing bomb bay of the TBF was installed into the slim body of the Tigercat which also reworked the fine contouring once present in the original Grumman heavy fighter.

Article Continues Below Advertisement...
ADVERTISEMENTS
All of the wing surfaces were either enlarged or lengthened for the added control needed in the torpedo bombing role. One of the few qualities of the Tigercat left untouched was its 2 x Pratt & Whitney R-2800-22W "Double Wasp" air-cooled radial piston engines of 2,400 horsepower each. These would be used to drive four-bladed propeller units and held in streamlined nacelles at each wing mainplane, extending beyond both the leading and trailing edges.

Dimensions included a length of 46.3 feet, a wingspan of 59.4 feet and a height of 16 feet. To stow properly on American carriers, the wings were made to fold which reduced the span to 32 feet. Empty weight was estimated at 17,300lb with a gross weight ballooning to nearly 26,200lb. A crew of two would be featured.

Estimated performance had the aircraft reach speeds between 390 and 415 miles-per-hour with a range out to 975 miles on internal fuel alone (with a listed combat radius of 420 miles). Its service ceiling was proposed at 36,500 feet with a rate-of-climb reaching 4,000 to 4,400 feet-per-minute.

The original Tigercat armament was reworked to be just paired 0.50 caliber heavy machine guns found at each inboard wing section. Provision was made to also replace these weapons with single-mounted 20mm autocannons at a future date. The internal bay could hold up to 2,000lb of stores, these being either a single Mark 13 torpedo, a large bomb, a collection of smaller bombs, depth charges or naval mines. There would be two external underwing hardpoints set to carry an additional 1,000lb of ordnance (each).

Just like the earlier XTB2F-1 proposal, the XTSF-1 was also thought to be much too large and heavy for service on the then-current generation of American fleet carriers. This ended all hope for the Tigercat conversion as a torpedo bomber and the XTSF-1 was cancelled as soon as January of 1945. The war ended in August of that year.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Grumman XTSF-1 Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Carrierborne Torpedo Bomber Proposal.
2 x Pratt & Whitney R-2800-22W "Double Wasp" air-cooled radial piston engines developing 2,400 horsepower each driving 2 x Four-bladed propeller units in puller arrangement.
Propulsion
413 mph
665 kph | 359 kts
Max Speed
351 mph
565 kph | 305 kts
Cruise Speed
36,417 ft
11,100 m | 7 miles
Service Ceiling
994 miles
1,600 km | 864 nm
Operational Range
4,200 ft/min
1,280 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Grumman XTSF-1 Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Carrierborne Torpedo Bomber Proposal.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
46.3 ft
14.12 m
O/A Length
59.4 ft
(18.10 m)
O/A Width
16.1 ft
(4.90 m)
O/A Height
17,295 lb
(7,845 kg)
Empty Weight
26,235 lb
(11,900 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Grumman XTSF-1 (G-66) Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Carrierborne Torpedo Bomber Proposal provided across 2 hardpoints.
PROPOSED:
4 x 0.50 caliber heavy machine guns in wing roots (provision had for later upgrading these to 2 x 20mm automatic cannon installations).

OPTIONAL:
Internal bomb bay for up to 2,000lb of stores including torpedoes, conventional drop bombs, naval depth charges, and / or naval mines.

Two external hardpoints to carry an additional 1,000lb of conventional drop stores each.


X X X

X
X
Hardpoints Key:


Centerline
Wingroot(L)
Wingroot(R)
Wing
Wingtip
Internal
Not Used
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Grumman XTSF-1 (G-66) family line.
XTSF-1 - Base Series Designation; mock-up work was all that was had on the project before cancellation.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Grumman XTSF-1 (G-66). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Grumman Aircraft - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (413mph).

Graph Average of 375 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Grumman XTSF-1 (G-66)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
MARITIME / NAVY
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Grumman XTSF-1 (G-66) Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Carrierborne Torpedo Bomber Proposal appears in the following collections:
HOME
AVIATION INDEX
AIRCRAFT BY COUNTRY
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE AIRCRAFT
AIRCRAFT BY CONFLICT
AIRCRAFT BY TYPE
AIRCRAFT BY DECADE
WWII AIRCRAFT
X-PLANE AIRCRAFT
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)