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Savoia-Marchetti SM.91


Twin-Engine Heavy Fighter Prototype (1943)


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The Savoia-Marchetti SM.91 was a sound twin-engine concept of the Italians during World War 2 - however wartime factors played a role in its demise.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/01/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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Prior to World War 2 in 1938, the Italian Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) fashioned a new request for an equally-new heavy fighter concept to fulfill the roles of bomber escort, interceptor, fighter-bomber and reconnaissance. This tall order was answered by only a few local industry players including Savoia-Marchetti. Initially, the company offered the SM.88, a twin-engined, twin-boom fighter seating three crew and powered by the German Diamler-Benz DB601 series inline. A first-flight was had during 1939 but the engines were needed by Germany and the Italians decided to continue their commitment to flying the German Messerschmitt Bf 110 "twin" for the time being.

In 1941, a new request by the service was fashioned for a similar twin-engined heavy fighter, this time with a focus on long-range performance and heavy firepower. Savoia-Marchetti developed the SM.91 and SM.92 (the latter detailed elsewhere on this site) around this revised requirement which was to rely on the German Diamler-Benz DB605 series inline engine. The crew was reduced to two and armament was to be centered on no fewer than 6 x 20mm MG151 autocannons. A single heavy machine gun would be fitted at the rear to protect the aircraft's critical "six". Range was to reach 1,000 miles and power would allow for speeds reaching 395 miles per hour.
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Again, company engineers used a twin-boom layout. The engine nacelles were positioned at the wing leading edges and formed the forward section of the booms, these assemblies then reaching beyond the trailing edges and joined at the rear by a shared horizontal stabilizer. Straddling this plane were a pair of vertical tail fins. The crew positions (tandem seating) were concentrated at center in a fuselage "pod" and aft of a short nosecone assembly. The wing mainplanes were straight in their general design with rounded tips. A "tail-dragger" undercarriage was featured for ground-running. Construction was of all-metal.

Armament became 5 x 20mm MG151 autocannons and these were positioned as a primary battery of three guns at the nose with the remaining pair as single installations at either wing root. The rear crewman managed a single 12.7mm Breda-SAFAT machine gun on a trainable mounting. In addition to this a bomb load of 3,615lb could be carried.

Power was served from 2 x Daimler-Benz DB605A-1 V12 liquid-cooled, supercharged inline piston engines of 1,290 horsepower each and these were used to drive three-bladed propellers in traditional fashion.

A first-flight in prototype form was had on March 11th, 1943 and two examples were ultimately being worked on. As tested, the SM.91 showcased a maximum speed of 363 mph and a range out to 995 miles. Its service ceiling was 35,425 feet and rate-of-climb reached 2,660 feet-per-minute.

However, all the work on the SM-91 came to moot for the Italians surrendered to the Allies in September of 1943 and the Germans soon vacated the country thereafter to reassemble their defenses. During the action, the Germans claimed both prototypes and both were eventually destroyed before war's end. As such, the SM.91 was only able to accomplish basic flight testing for its time in the air, its potential never having been fulfilled. The second prototype was tested by the Germans as late as July 1944 but this specimen was lost in the aggressive Allied air bombing campaign.

For a time in its development, the SM.91 was also proposed with British Rolls-Royce "Merlin" 620 series engines of 1,300 horsepower (each) but this initiative came to nothing.

Specifications



Service Year
1943

Origin
Kingdom of Italy national flag graphic
Kingdom of Italy

Crew
2

Production
2
UNITS


Savoia-Marchetti - Kingdom of Italy
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Italy (cancelled); Nazi Germany (captured)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Interception
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.


Length
43.5 ft
(13.25 m)
Width/Span
64.6 ft
(19.70 m)
Height
12.6 ft
(3.85 m)
Empty Wgt
14,110 lb
(6,400 kg)
MTOW
19,621 lb
(8,900 kg)
Wgt Diff
+5,512 lb
(+2,500 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Savoia-Marchetti SM.91 production variant)
Installed: 2 x Daimler-Benz DB605A-1 V12 inverted-Vee liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 1,290 horsepower each and driving three-bladed propeller units.
Max Speed
364 mph
(585 kph | 316 kts)
Ceiling
35,433 ft
(10,800 m | 7 mi)
Range
994 mi
(1,600 km | 2,963 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
2,660 ft/min
(811 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Savoia-Marchetti SM.91 production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
3 x 20mm MG151 automatic cannons in nose.
1 x 20mm MG151 automatic cannon in portside wing root.
1 x 20mm MG151 automatic cannon in starboard side wing root.
1 x 12.7mm Breda-SAFAT machine gun on trainable mounting in rear crew position.

Up to 3,615lb of conventional drop ordnance.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 3


SM.91 - Base Series Designation; two prototypes completed.


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