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Kronstadt Orion-E


Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) (2020)


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The Orion-E from Kornstadt Technologies is another in-development unmanned aircraft product set to come out of Russia.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/25/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Unlike the United States, Russia has struggled to find standardization and a growing reliance on Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). There have been several notable concepts put forth - including VTOL-capable (Vertical Take-Off and Landing) models - but few have materialized into viable in-service solutions for its Air Force, Army and Navy services. Kronstadt intends to change all that with their proposed Predator-class "Orion-E" MALE UAV displayed at MAKS 2017.

Little concrete information is available on the Orion-E as of this writing (2017) but a flyable prototype is known to be in existence. Construction is said to incorporate composites for robustness and as a weight-savings measure and specifications of the system include an overall length of 26.25 feet with a wingspan measuring over 50 feet. Its maximum payload capability is up to 440 pounds.

Outwardly the Orion-E utilizes a long, slender fuselage containing the mission equipment, avionics suite, fuel stores and engine installation. An optics system is mounted in blister form under the aircraft's "chin". The engine appears to drive a multi-bladed propeller at the rear of the fuselage in a "pusher" arrangement (as in the Predator series). The wing mainplanes, set amidships, are straight in their design and feature clipped tips. Instead of a traditional tail unit, a V-style arrangement is used (as in the Reaper UAV) to dually serve as vertical and horizontal stabilizers. The wheeled tricycle undercarriage appears to be fixed during flight (non-retracting).

Beyond its attempt to secure Russian military interest, Kronstadt will also eye its Orion-E for the export market with the help of a second party. it is assumed that the Orion E will be an unarmed product suitable for Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR) over-battlefield roles.

July 2014 - The Orion UAV is known to have taken part in the Russian take over of Crimea, the systems being operated by the first Russian military units to have received the type for operational service. These Orions were used in the airborne reconnaissance role.

October 2019 - Kronstadt has formally begun serial production of its Orion UAV. Formal service entry is expected soon, perhaps in 2020.

August 2020 - The Orion MALE UAV was displayed with its supported air-launched weapons at Army2020 in Russia.

August 2021 - The Russian military has ordered a second version of the armed Kronstadt UAV.

Specifications



Service Year
2020

Origin
Russia national flag graphic
Russia

Status
ACTIVE
In Active Service.
Crew
0
UNMANNED
Production
35
UNITS


Kronstadt Technologies - Russia
National flag of Russia Russia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.
Unmanned Capability
Aircraft inherently designed (or later developed) with an unmanned capability to cover a variety of over-battlefield roles.


Length
26.2 ft
(8.00 m)
Width/Span
52.5 ft
(16.00 m)
Height
6.6 ft
(2.00 m)
Empty Wgt
1,102 lb
(500 kg)
MTOW
2,205 lb
(1,000 kg)
Wgt Diff
+1,102 lb
(+500 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Kronstadt Orion-E production variant)
monoplane / mid-mounted / straight
Monoplane
Design utilizes a single primary wing mainplane; this represent the most popular mainplane arrangement.
Mid-Mounted
Mainplanes are mounted along the midway point of the sides of the fuselage.
Straight
The planform involves use of basic, straight mainplane members.
(Structural descriptors pertains to the base Kronstadt Orion-E production variant)
Installed: 1 x Conventional engine of unknown make, model and output power used to drive a two-bladed propeller unit at the rear of the fuselage in pusher arrangement.
Max Speed
140 mph
(225 kph | 121 kts)
Ceiling
24,606 ft
(7,500 m | 5 mi)
Range
435 mi
(700 km | 1,296 nm)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Kronstadt Orion-E production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
Standard ISR mission equipment centered on various optics and sensor fits. Payload capacity of up to 200 kilograms.

Armed versions appearing with up to 200kg of stores across four external hardpoints.


Supported Types




(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 4
Mounting Points




-
-
-
7
5
-
-
-
4
6
-
-
-
HARDPOINT(S) KEY:
X

15
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
2
4
6
8
10
12
14


COLOR KEY:
Fuselage Centerline
Fuselage Port/Wingroot
Fuselage Starboard/Wingroot
Wing/Underwing
Wingtip Mount(s)
Internal Bay(s)
Not Used

Note: Diagram above does not take into account inline hardpoints (mounting positions seated one-behind-the-other).


Orion-E - Base Series Name.
Sirius - Armed version for Russian military.


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