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Handley Page Hastings


Four-Engined Transport Aircraft


United Kingdom | 1948



"Just over 150 Hastings transport aircraft were produced by the Handley Page concern following World War 2 - some took part in the famous Berlin Airlift operation."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/06/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Flag of Image from the Public Domain.
Firepower
Performance
Survivability
Versatility
Impact
In the post-World War 2 period (1946-onward), the British military required a new, all-modern long-range transport. Handley Page Aircraft Company responded to Specification C.3/44 with the "Hastings" (H.P.67), a four-engined hauler which went on to see 151 total production units made from 1947 until 1952. These were delivered to the fighting forces of the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF). The RAF used the Hastings to succeed an aging fleet of Avro York transports with the last Hasting serving into 1977.

The four-engined configuration had two engines installed to either wing mainplane. Each engine drove a four-bladed propeller in puller fashion. The mainplane was an original design intended for an earlier, yet-ultimately abandoned, Handley Page bomber. All-metal construction was used through the Hastings effort. The wing mainplanes were low-mounted along the fuselage sides and the rear was given a traditional single-finned tail unit. Ground running was through a wholly-retractable "tail dragger" undercarriage.

Internally, the aircraft could carry loads of fifty combat-ready troopers or thirty paratroopers. In place of this could be thirty-two medical litters with attending staff or cargo as needed. The cockpit was set to the extreme forward section of the design in the usual way, aft of a short nosecone. The fuselage was tubular and completed with a large cargo door along port side aft of the mainplanes. The selected powerplants became 4 x Bristol "Hercules" Model 191 air-cooled, radial piston engines. The operating crew numbered five.

Initial Hastings prototypes were available as soon as 1946 with a first-flight recorded on May 7th of that year. Notable issues with control and stalling were apparent, forcing revisions to the design. Initial production models were then taken into service with the RAF in October of 1948, first-batch models to satisfy the already-contracted-for 100 examples - designated "Hastings C.Mk.1".

As soon as available the Hastings line was pressed into action during the "Berlin Airlift" of 1948-1949. The campaign saw the Soviet Union cut-off humanitarian access to the devastated German capital. The Hastings was notable in its contribution, delivery some 55,000 tons of goods to awaiting Berliners on the ground, and managed to record the campaign's final flight in October of 1949. Hastings were then used to deliver British paratroopers during the Suez Crisis.

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At least six of the original 100 Hastings C.Mk.1forms were reworked to become weather reconnaissance platforms, operating under the designation of "Hastings Met.Mk.1" (serving with Coastal Command for their time in the air). A further eight Hastings C.Mk.1 production models were revised to the "Hastings T.1" trainer form - this mark (eight built) was used by Bomber Command to train future "V-bomber" jet-powered bomber crews (the aircraft carried a distinguishing ventrally-mounted radome).

The definitive Hastings became "Hastings C.Mk.2" which brought about changes to the tailplane (enlarged and lowered to further strengthen stability) and more internal fuel stores (to extend operational ranges). Engines were changed over to the Hercules 106 series of 1,675 horsepower each. The C.Mk.2 model managed a cruising speed of 290 miles per hour, ranged out to 1,700 miles, and reached a ceiling of 26,500 feet. Forty-three C.Mk.2s were produced and some of the C.Mk.1 stock was rebuilt to the new Mk.2 standard as "C.Mk 1A".

The Hastings C.Mk.4 became a long-range VIP-centered passenger transport model.

Nineteen RAF bomber squadrons operated the Hastings in its various forms. This included Nos. 24, 36, 47, 48, 51, 53, 59, 70, 97, 99, 114, 115, 116, 151, 202, 242, 297, 511 and the Far East Communications Squadron (FECS).

The RNZAF received the Hastings C.Mk.3 (H.P.95) production model. These were based in the C.Mk.2 production standard but instead fitted the Bristol Hercules 737 engines. Just four were acquired. Operating squadrons included Nos. 40 and 41.

Handley Page was also developing a civilian market model of the same Hastings transport, under the "Hermes" name, but its prototype was lost on December 2nd, 1945 (during its maiden flight). Nevertheless, twenty-nine of the type were eventually produced from 1945 to 1951. The series was introduced for service on August 6th, 1950.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Handley Page Hastings C.Mk.2 Four-Engined Transport Aircraft.
4 x Bristol Hercules 106 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines developing 1,675 horsepower each and driving four-bladed propeller units in puller fashion.
Propulsion
348 mph
560 kph | 302 kts
Max Speed
26,575 ft
8,100 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
1,690 miles
2,720 km | 1,469 nm
Operational Range
1,030 ft/min
314 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Handley Page Hastings C.Mk.2 Four-Engined Transport Aircraft.
5
(MANNED)
Crew
82.0 ft
25.00 m
O/A Length
113.0 ft
(34.45 m)
O/A Width
22.5 ft
(6.85 m)
O/A Height
48,502 lb
(22,000 kg)
Empty Weight
80,028 lb
(36,300 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Handley Page Hastings family line.
Hastings - Base Series Name
H.P.67 - Prototype designation
C.Mk.1 - Initial production models; Bristol Hercules 101 engines.
C.Mk.1A - Upgraded C.Mk.1 models to C.2 standard.
Met.Mk.1 - Weather reconnaissance model.
C.Mk.2 - Definitive production mark; revised tail section; Hercules 106 engines.
C.Mk.3 - RNZAF transport aircraft' Bristol Hercules 737 engines; 4 examples procured.
C.Mk.4 - VIP passenger transport; four examples completed.
T.Mk.5 - "V-Bomber" crew trainer conversions from C.Mk 1 production models.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Handley Page Hastings. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 151 Units

Contractor(s): Handley Page - UK
National flag of New Zealand National flag of the United Kingdom

[ New Zealand; United Kingdom ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (348mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
151
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Handley Page Hastings
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
MEDEVAC
TRANSPORT
VIP SERVICE
SPECIAL FORCES
TRAINING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Handley Page Hastings Four-Engined Transport Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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