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Kamov Ka-18 (Hog)

Maritime Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) [ 1957 ]

In all, over 100 examples of the Kamov Ka-18 light utility helicopter were produced for the Soviet Union during the Cold War - these serving primarily with its Navy branch.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/21/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Kamov Ka-18 (Hog), developed from the preceding Ka-15 design, was a light-utility helicopter serving Soviet Naval Aviation during the Cold War period. The type went airborne for the first time in 1955 and managed an operational existence throughout the thick of the Cold War period until 1973 by which point the series was given up for good. About 120 of the systems were built in all and these only ever served the Soviet Union.

The Ka-15 served as the proven starting point for the newer Ka-18, resulting in an airframe that was longer while carrying a more powerful engine, this being the Ivchenko AI-14VF 9-cylinder, air-cooled radial piston engine outputting 280 horsepower. The rotor was of typical Kamov arrangement, a co-axial configuration seating one twin-bladed unit over the other, negating the need for a tail rotor to counter inherent torque effects. The rotor diameter measured 32.7 feet while the airframe itself was 23 feet long and 11 feet high.

The fuselage had an ungainly, bulbous appearance with the crew and passengers seating in 2x2 formation. The powerplant was housed in the back of the aircraft driving the overhead main rotor pair. The tail unit was a tapering assembly capped by a twin-finned horizontal plane. For ground-running, a four-point, fixed, wheeled undercarriage was fitted - this being a quality carried over from the preceding Ka-15.

Performance-wise, this light-class, four-seat helicopter was able to reach speeds of 93 miles-per-hour, cruise at 75 mph, and reach out to a range of 103 miles. Service ceiling was 10,660 feet.

By the time of the early 1970s, there were more versatile, economical alternatives to the Ka-18, hence it was retired from front-line service.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Not in Service.


National flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.
Maritime / Navy
Land-based or shipborne capability for operating over-water in various maritime-related roles while supported by allied naval surface elements.
General transport functionality to move supplies/cargo or personnel (including wounded and VIP) over range.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.

Series has a tactical capability to take-off and / or land vertically, a quality commonly associated with helicopters.
Dual main rotors arranged in co-axial mounting, negating traditional torque-neutralizing tail rotor unit.
Can accelerate to higher speeds than average aircraft of its time.
Can reach and operate at higher altitudes than average aircraft of its time.
Ability to operate over ocean in addition to surviving the special rigors of the maritime environment.
Features partially- or wholly-enclosed crew workspaces.

23.1 ft
(7.05 m)
32.6 ft
(9.95 m)
11.0 ft
(3.35 m)
Empty Wgt
2,337 lb
(1,060 kg)
3,263 lb
(1,480 kg)
Wgt Diff
+926 lb
(+420 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Kamov Ka-18 (Hog) production variant)
Installed: 1 x Ivchenko AI-14VF 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine developing 280 horsepower and driving 2 x three-bladed coaxial main rotors.
Max Speed
93 mph
(150 kph | 81 kts)
Cruise Speed
75 mph
(120 kph | 65 kts)
Max. Speed Diff
+19 mph
(+30 kph | 16 kts)
10,663 ft
(3,250 m | 2 mi)
103 mi
(165 km | 306 nm)

♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Kamov Ka-18 (Hog) production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)

Supported Types

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Ka-18 (Hog) - Base Series Designation.

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