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Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager)


Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal


Nazi Germany | 1945



"The pulse jet-powered Blohm and Voss P.213 was intended as a point defense solution for the German Luftwaffe of World War 2 - it was not adopted."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/07/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The secret weapons of the German Luftwaffe of World War 2 is a fascinating study of exotic aircraft design. German engineers undertook a myriad of paper projects to generate a war-winner and, while many of these failed to see the light of day, some marked several "firsts" in the field of aviation. Blohm & Voss was one of the German firms competing for various projects sponsored by the Air Ministry and the P.213 was just one of their many creations to appear in the latter stages of the war - in concert with the "Emergency Fighter Program" pushed by the Luftwaffe from the middle of 1944 onward, the service desperately in search of a fighter/interceptor breed to turn the tide of the air war.

In November of 1944, the Air Ministry released a new requirement related to the program calling for a production-friendly, low-cost point defense fighter-interceptor driven by jet power and requiring a crew of one. The aircraft would be a low-risk, direct complement to the Heinkel He 162 which required more production time than desired. As the He 162 was known as the "Volksjager" ("People's Fighter"), the new aircraft would become the "Miniatur-Jager" and be of smaller dimensions.

To go with the intended lightweight airframe it was decided that power was to come from an Argus As 014 pulse jet engine of 610 lb thrust output. This jet had its roots as the powerplant for the Fieseler Fi 103R "Reichenberg", a manned, expendable suicidal missile-aircraft version of the classic V-1 "Buzz Bomb / Doodlebug" (unlike the disposable-minded Fi 103R, the new interceptor would be reusable). All non-critical mission equipment would be kept from the design to keep operating weights in check and armament centered on a simple installation consisting of a single x 30mm MK 108 series automatic cannon. The ammunition store would number 135 projectiles.

The air ministry sought a very simple aircraft where the chief restriction would be in construction material and production time. Performance and armament were to be fitted as needed but it was in getting the new aircraft into the sky in number as quickly as possible. The Miniatur-Jagers would be released against incoming Allied bomber formations in large numbers, swarming the target area and getting off as many shots as possible in bringing the large targets down. Engagement ranges would be close to both target and forward operating bases.

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Blohm & Voss joined competitors Heinkel and Junkers in attempting to fulfill the requirement and developed their P.213 against it. The result was a compact design of 6.2 meter overall length with a wingspan measuring 6 meters. The crewman sat forward in the deep fuselage that featured a cut-off nose for aspiration of the of the pulse jet engine. The engine was partially buried in the lower section of the fuselage and its exposed jet pipe extended out under a slim tail stem. The tail stem held a pair of downward-turned planes (inverted butterfly) for control and the wing mainplanes themselves were shoulder-mounted and fitted immediately aft of the cockpit. The mainplanes exhibited straight leading edge lines and forward-swept trailing edge lines. The canopy was of a three-piece design and offered presumably excellent vision out over the nose and to the sides of the aircraft. A tricycle undercarriage (wholly retractable, compressed air-operated) was part of this futuristic-looking fighter design. The MK 108 cannon was buried in the nose near the feet of the pilot - whose position was protected by armor. Overall weight of the aircraft was judged to be around 3,435 pounds (Take-Off).

To counter potentially lethal buffeting of the pulse jet engine within the fuselage (as experienced in the Messerschmitt Me 328 "parasite fighter" program), the engine was held in place by brackets offering the needed flexibility during high-speed flight. A section of flexible tubing was to be used for the intake section leading from the nose to the face of the pulse jet engine. The engine was expected to provide speeds of up to 435 miles per hour with a range out to 775 miles but, because pulse jets required assistance to reach a minimum operating speed, rocket boosters would most likely be added for take-off actions (and jettisoned post-launch).

The P.213 joined the many other Luftwaffe-bound projects that were not selected for further development before the end of the war. Indeed, the Miniatur-Jager concept was all but abandoned even before the end of 1944 so no physical aircraft from anyone manufacturer were completed. The closest adoption became the Bachem Ba 349 "Viper" which first-flew in March of 1945 (and killed its test pilot) and was followed by 36 production-quality units. The rather optimistic Viper program was not a success.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal.
1 x Argus As 014 pulse jet engine developing 660lb of thrust; rocket-assisted take-off assumed.
Propulsion
435 mph
700 kph | 378 kts
Max Speed
32,808 ft
10,000 m | 6 miles
Service Ceiling
777 miles
1,250 km | 675 nm
Operational Range
4,000 ft/min
1,219 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
20.3 ft
6.20 m
O/A Length
19.7 ft
(6.00 m)
O/A Width
8.2 ft
(2.50 m)
O/A Height
2,205 lb
(1,000 kg)
Empty Weight
3,439 lb
(1,560 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager) Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal .
PROPOSED:
1 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannon in nose.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager) family line.
P.213 - Base Project Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Nazi Germany (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (435mph).

Graph Average of 375 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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1 / 1
Image of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
INTERCEPTION
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager) Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal appears in the following collections:
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