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Halberstadt D.II / D.III


Biplane Fighter


Imperial Germany | 1916



"The Halberstadt D.II became a refined form of the original D.I prototype fighter - production reached beyond 125 units during World War 1."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Halberstadt D.II was the embodiment of the earlier D.I prototype of only which two were completed (and detailed elsewhere on this site). The D.II served as a refined form and did away with the former model's cumbersome radiator fit and improved upon cockpit visibility by way of a raised position for the pilot. In all other respects, however, the D.II remained faithful to the D.I and retained its wings, fuselage, tail unit and starboard-side mounted 1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun. Power to the newer aircraft stemmed from a Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder engine of 120 horsepower and this was used to drive a two-bladed propeller at the nose. Early D.II aircraft carried the D.I's balanced ailerons as well but these were discard later in the production run in favor of a chord-width unbalanced set.

Design of the aircraft was attributed to Karl Theis.

Production of the D.II model, based on findings from evaluation of the D.I, began with a batch order for twelve units and this led to a follow-on order for twenty-four more fighters. which appeared in both the D.II and D.III guise, the latter outfitted with the Argus As. II engine of 120 (this fit originally seen in the original D.I prototype of 1915). An additional thirty D.III models then followed by these were superseded by the improved D.V variant while still on the production lines. License manufacture of the D.II was also taken up by competitors Aviatik and Hannover, delivering the Aviatik D.I and Hannover D.I respectively. Each company added thirty aircraft to the total.

As robust as the D.II was in wartime service, its now-obsolete nature led to its retirement from frontline duties as soon as 1917 - such was the speed of technology during the war.

The Halberstadt D.II also fought for Ottoman Empire forces in the Middle East Theater.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Halberstadt D.II Biplane Fighter.
1 x Mercedes D.II six-cylinder inline piston engine developing 120 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller at the nose.
Propulsion
93 mph
150 kph | 81 kts
Max Speed
13,123 ft
4,000 m | 2 miles
Service Ceiling
680 ft/min
207 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Halberstadt D.II Biplane Fighter.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
24.0 ft
7.30 m
O/A Length
28.9 ft
(8.80 m)
O/A Width
8.7 ft
(2.65 m)
O/A Height
1,146 lb
(520 kg)
Empty Weight
1,609 lb
(730 kg)
MTOW
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Halberstadt D.II / D.III Biplane Fighter .
1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun in fixed, forward-facing mounting along starboard side of the fuselage.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Halberstadt D.II / D.III family line.
D.II - Base Series Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Halberstadt D.II / D.III. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 126 Units

Contractor(s): Halberst?dter Flugzeugwerke (Halberstadt) / Aviatik / Hannover - German Empire
National flag of the German Empire National flag of Turkey

[ German Empire; Ottoman Empire (Turkey) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (93mph).

Graph Average of 75 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
126
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Halberstadt D.II / D.III
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Halberstadt D.II / D.III Biplane Fighter appears in the following collections:
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