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Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1


Biplane Fighter Protoype


Imperial Germany | 1914



"The Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 biplane fighter only managed the prototype stage before attention turned to the more promising Nr.2 model."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
During 1914, the Schwade concern of Erfurt, Germany worked on a new biplane fighter design known as the "Nr.1". This aircraft relied on a traditional biplane wing arrangement (over-and-under members) braced through cabling and parallel struts. The wings sat over and under a smallish circular fuselage nacelle which contained seating for one in an open-air cockpit. The tail section was held out from the mass of the aircraft by way of triangular struts which also supported the tail surfaces. The fuselage nacelle also contained the powerplant and armament fit. The former was arranged in a "pusher" configuration driving a two-bladed wooden propeller while the latter became a single machine gun on a flexible mounting. The undercarriage was of a simple two-legged, two-wheeled configuration with a tailskid supporting the rear.

Its design was very consistent with early-World War 1 aircraft - simple, fragile and making due for lack of better alternatives. Since the engine was arranged at the rear of the nacelle, the machine gun at the nose was given clear firing arcs and armament was made up of 1 x 7.92mm Bergmann LMG 15 series machine gun. Despite the gun's flexibility, it became awkward for the pilot to control his aircraft while also being asked to train his weapon on a moving target in the sky.

Power for the design came from a Schwade Stahlherz 7-cylinder rotary piston engine developing 80 horsepower.

Despite the commitment to bringing the Nr.1 to fruition, only a single example was completed before attention turned to the more promising Nr.2 design twin-boom biplane fighter design.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype.
1 x Schwade Stahlherz 7-cylinder rotary engine developing 80 horsepower and arranged in a pusher configuration driving a two-bladed propeller unit.
Propulsion
62 mph
100 kph | 54 kts
Max Speed
9,843 ft
3,000 m | 2 miles
Service Ceiling
186 miles
300 km | 162 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
102.5 ft
31.25 m
O/A Length
158.8 ft
(48.40 m)
O/A Width
39.4 ft
(12.00 m)
O/A Height
1,433 lb
(650 kg)
Empty Weight
1,764 lb
(800 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype .
1 x 7.92mm Bergmann LMG 15 machine gun on a flexible mounting fitted to the nose.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 family line.
Nr.1 - Base Series Designation; single example completed.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1 Units

Contractor(s): Otto Schwade - German Empire
National flag of the German Empire

[ German Empire (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (62mph).

Graph Average of 75 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype appears in the following collections:
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