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WORLD WAR 1

Nieuport 16


Biplane Fighter Aircraft (1916)


Aviation / Aerospace

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Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

The midly successful Nieuport 16 biplane fighter was the earlier Nie 11 design modified to accept a more powerful - and heavier - engine.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/15/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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Aviation technology during World War 1 (1914-1918) moved at lightning speed as both sides attempted to gain the advantage in the skies over Europe. This led to many variants and all-new aircraft designs being fielded, some lasting just a few short months at they became quickly outclassed by enemy designs. The French-originated Nieuport line of fighters ended as a deep family tree made up of various fighting aircraft with origins in the Nieuport 10 of 1914. This product advanced through popular forms like the Nieuport 1 "Bebe" and the larger, more powerful two-seat Nieuport 12 model (both detailed elsewhere on this site). The Nieuport 16 (Nie 16) was an offshoot of the line, appearing in January of 1916, and brought with it a reinforced structure and a new engine fit. It went on to operate with the air services of France, Britain, Belgium (limited), Russia (locally-produced by Dux) and Italy during its brief time in the air.

At its core, the Nieuport 16 was the Nieuport 11 aircraft modified to accept a new, more powerful engine installation in the Le Rhone 9J rotary of 110 horsepower. However, in both form and function its appearance and battlefield role changed very little and, as such, it retained much of the capability of the earlier design. This led to an aircraft with a heavy frontal section and deteriorated handling characteristics due to high wing loading. Lacking synchronized gear, a single Lewis Gun machine gun was set over the upper wing element to help clear the spinning propeller blades and this kept the weapon awkwardly far from the pilot's reach in the event of an ammunition misfeed. The biplane wings, retained from the Nie 11, were of equal span and braced by V-struts.

The Nie 16 was introduced on January 5th, 1916 and operated in the fighter / bomber escort / balloon-busting role. In the latter, the V-struts supported four Le Prieur rockets to each wing for added firepower. Once available in number, the Nie 16 quickly superseded Nie 10 and Nie 11 fighters in circulation and some of the stock were eventually given Alkan synchronization gear so machine guns could be fitted to the fuselage and fired through the spinning propeller blades. Of course this also meant that even more weight was added to the frontal section of the aircraft which further worsened the "heavy nose" attitude already exhibited by the aircraft.

The Nieuport 16 was eventually superseded itself by the Nieuport 17 model (detailed elsewhere on this site) which offered improvements in both performance and handling - leaving the Nie 16 as nothing more than a stepping stone design on the road to a more viable fighter type.

In its finalized form, the Nie 16 showcased a maximum speed of 103 miles per hour.

Specifications



Service Year
1916

Origin
France national flag graphic
France

Status
RETIRED
Not in Service.
Crew
1

Production
500
UNITS


Nieuport - France / Dux - Russian Empire
National flag of Belgium National flag of France National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy National flag of Russia National flag of the United Kingdom Belgium; France; Kingdom of Italy; United Kingdom; Imperial Russia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.


Length
18.5 ft
(5.65 m)
Width/Span
24.7 ft
(7.52 m)
Height
7.9 ft
(2.40 m)
Empty Wgt
827 lb
(375 kg)
MTOW
1,213 lb
(550 kg)
Wgt Diff
+386 lb
(+175 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Nieuport 16 production variant)
Installed: 1 x Le Rhone 9J rotary engine developing 110 horsepower and driving two-bladed propeller at the nose.
Max Speed
103 mph
(165 kph | 89 kts)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Nieuport 16 production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
STANDARD:
1 x 7.7mm Lewis Gun on upper wing assembly

ALTERNATIVE:
1 x 7.7mm machine gun over nose synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades (Alkan interrupter gear fitted).

OPTIONAL:
8 x Le Prieur aerial rockets fitted in two banks of four rockets at each V-strut.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


Nie 16 - Base Series Designation


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