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Baykar Bayraktar TB2


Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV)


Turkiye | 2015



"The Bayraktar TB2 marks the first indigenous armed UAV system for the nation of Turkey - it has been used effectively against PKK fighters."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/20/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
With Turkish officials acknowledging the operational-level service of the Bayraktar TB2, Turkey becomes just the sixth nation in the world to field a viable Unmanned Aerial Combat Vehicle (UCAV). It joined the United States, China, Pakistan, Israel and Iran in the field. These platforms offer considerable advantages when compared to their Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) brethren - least of these being an armed ability to seek out and destroy ground elements with precision strikes without exposing human airmen or their very expensive flying machines to danger.

The TB2 is based on the earlier Bayraktar Tactical UAS first flown in 2009 and introduced in 2014. The TB2 is the "armed reconnaissance" form and has already seen successful action against PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party) forces - the series' first "kill" was recorded on September 8th, 2016 and many more have followed since.

Turkey has tried, for years, to secure foreign-born UCAV platforms, from the United States and elsewhere, to no avail. As such it turned to local industry to develop an indigenous solution to an indigenous problem and this has led to several notable products emerging: the TAI Anka (detailed elsewhere on this site) and the TB2. The TB2 gained steam in 2015 as a weapons-delivery capability was fleshed out for the Bayraktar Tactical UAS. This led to trials in late 2015 and formal introduction for service in 2016. With all of the work being local in nature, Turkey bypasses any strict arms regulations generally encountered with foreign purchases. Additionally, the TB2 can be evolved as Turkish military needs require making for a more effective long-term solution.

The finalized TB2 sees straight wing mainplanes positioned at midships and aft of a sleek nosecone assembly. The engine is fitted at the rear of the fuselage within a well-contoured housing - aspiration of the powerplant is through small slits on the housing surfaces. The engine powers a two-bladed propeller unit in "pusher" configuration. A twin-boom tail design is used to help clear the engine installation and its propeller. The booms are slim and emanate from the wing root trailing edges, joined together at the rear of the aircraft by conjoined, inward-cranked vertical tail fins also serving as de facto horizontal planes. The wheeled undercarriage is fixed in flight and an optics blister is seen at the ventral line of the fuselage.

By all accounts, the TB2 utilizes proven UAV design and construction practices - from its external arrangement to its internal make-up. It is further classified as a Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) unmanned system. Operators pilot the aircraft from Ground Control Stations (GCSs) and some autonomous capability is built into the flying component.

The aircraft features a pair of hardpoints under the wings, one per wing, that allow for the carrying of various ordnance types including Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) as well as Laser-Guided Bombs (LGBs). All this adds to the precision strike capability so sought after by today's militaries. Beyond the ability to self-designate and strike at ground targets, the series has also been used to laser-designate missile targets for Turkish Army attack helicopters like the American-made HueyCobra.

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December 2015 - The TB2 successfully tested the UMTAS anti-tank missile on December 17th, 2015.

April 2018 - Qatar has become the first foreign global operator of the Bayraktar TB2 UAV. The fleet will number six air systems coupled with three Ground Control Stations (GCSs).

November 2018 - It was revealed that the nation of Ukraine has procured the Turkish Bayraktar TB2 UAV.

February 2020 - The Barayktar TB-2 has been used operationally over Syria by Turkish forces, mainly in the assault to take Idlib.

October 2020 - Azerbaijan has been actively using Turkish-originated Bayraktar TB2 UAVs in the attack role in its war against Armenia.

November 2020 - Armenian forces have claimed the downing of an Azerbaijani TB2 drone.

May 2021 - It was announced that Poland has committed to the purchase of the Turkish Bayraktar TB2 UAV.

July 2021 - The first TB2K drone has been delivered to customer Ukraine.

September 2021 - The nations of Turkey and Ukraine have signed an agreement to maintain and train in the operation of the drone as well as set up local production. Up to 50 of the type may be procured by Ukraine in the deal.

October 2021 - A Ukrainian-controlled Bayraktar TB2K was successfully used to destroyer a Russian D-30 howitzer emplacement in its long-running war in the east. No casualties were reported.

April 2022 - Slovakia is in talks with Turkey to secure a stock of Bayraktar TB2 attack drones.

May 2022 - Niger has become the latest TB2 user with the delivery of six units from Turkey.

January 2023 - Gulf nation Kuwait has purchased the Bayraktar TB2 UAS. This marks the 28th export customer for the series.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Bayraktar TB2 Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV).
1 x Conventional engine driving propeller unit at rear of fuselage in pusher configuration.
Propulsion
155 mph
250 kph | 135 kts
Max Speed
27,001 ft
8,230 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
3,728 miles
6,000 km | 3,240 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Bayraktar TB2 Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV).
0
(UNMANNED)
Crew
36.7 ft
11.20 m
O/A Length
39.4 ft
(12.00 m)
O/A Width
10.5 ft
(3.20 m)
O/A Height
926 lb
(420 kg)
Empty Weight
1,433 lb
(650 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Baykar Bayraktar TB2 Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) provided across 2 hardpoints.
Up to 55 kilograms of mission equipment.

For Attack Role:
2 x UMTAS Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) carried underwing.

Future support planned for MAM-L 50lb Laser-Guided Bomb (LGB) Small Micro Munition (SMM) precision-guided drop bombs.


X
X
Hardpoints Key:


Centerline
Wingroot(L)
Wingroot(R)
Wing
Wingtip
Internal
Not Used
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Baykar Bayraktar TB2 family line.
TB2 - Base Series Designation; based on unarmed Bayraktar Tactical UAS platform; provision for air-launched guided munitions.
TB2K
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Baykar Bayraktar TB2. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 355 Units

Contractor(s): Kale-Baykar Makina - Turkey
National flag of Albania National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Ethiopia National flag of Iraq National flag of Kuwait National flag of Kyrgyzstan National flag of Libya National flag of Morocco National flag of Niger National flag of Nigeria National flag of Pakistan National flag of Poland National flag of Qatar National flag of Romania National flag of Rwanda National flag of Somalia National flag of Tajikistan National flag of Turkey National flag of Turkmenistan National flag of Ukraine

[ Albania; Azerbaijan; Burkina Faso; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Iraq; Kuwait (announced); Kyrgyzstan; Libya; Mali; Morocco; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Poland; Qatar; Romania; Rwanda; Somalia; Tajikistan; Togo; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (155mph).

Graph Average of 150 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
355
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Baykar Bayraktar TB2
Image from official marketing material; www.baykarmakina.com.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
RECONNAISSANCE
UNMANNED
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Baykar Bayraktar TB2 Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) appears in the following collections:
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