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Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk

Ground Attack Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

United States | 1997

"The Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk represents a modernization of the A-4M Skyhawk model for service with the Argentine Air Force - few remain active today."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/30/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Form the period of 1996 to 1999 Lockheed Martin converted thirty-six A-4M "Skyhawk" fighter-bombers to the newer A-4AR "Fightinghawk" standard for the Argentina Air Force. Argentina became the McDonnell product's first export customer when it accepted delivery of A-4P and A-4Q models during the mid-1960s. A prototype completed its first flight in December of 1997 and 32 fighter / ground attack forms (A-4AR) followed along with four dual-seat trainers (OA-4AR). While the line has seen steadily decreasing numbers within the active inventory of the Argentine Air Force over the years, it maintains an "active" status.

Origins of the Fightinghawk lay in the 1980s which saw a worsening political and economic situation hit the South American power - particularly as it took to war against Britain in the Falklands War of 1982. As such, procurement of more modern, yet expensive, aircraft proved prohibitive save for a few exceptions - mainly purchase of used combat platforms from anywhere but the United States and Britain. This resulted in a hodge-podge of aging units being formed until 1989 when a pro-U.S. agenda was established with the new incoming Argentine government. This, in turn, led to an agreement between the United States and Argentina to have the Argentine Air Force stock of Skyhawks upgraded to a more modern fighting standard. The work was completed by American industry powerhouse Lockheed Martin which introduced F-16 Fighting Falcon avionics and other changes to the lightweight fighter-bomber - thus giving the revised aircraft the name of "Fightinghawk".

Changes to the design included all-new ejection seats, reworking of the Pratt & Whitney J52P turbojet engines, new pilot helmets and onboard CounterMeasures (CM) kit, modern jamming equipment, installation of modern avionics, Head-Up Display (HUD), a new Inertial Navigation System (INS), Identification Friend-or-Foe (IFF) system, Hands-on-Throttle-and-Stick (HOTAS) cockpit control, color CRT cockpit screens, the ARG-1 radar fit (APG-66 series) and the like. The process included delivery of an A-4AR simulator for ground-based pilot training.

As completed, the A-4AR exhibited an empty weight of 10,800lb against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 24,500lb. Power was from a Pratt & Whitney J52P-408A turbojet engine of 11,200lb thrust propelling the aircraft to speeds of 670 miles per hour, a range out to 2,000 miles, and a service up to 42,250 feet. Rate-of-climb reached 8,440 feet per minute. Armament remained the original 2 x 20mm Colt Mk 12 internal cannons fit with five external hardpoints carrying missiles, rocket pods, and bombs.

Eight Fightinghawks were completed by Lockheed Martin on U.S. soil with the remainder of the aircraft batch rebuilt locally in Argentina. The first was rolled out in August of 1998 and the last one followed in March of 2000 where, once in service, they were quick to replace the outgoing inventory of aging Skyhawk B- and C-models.

A rather uneventful career followed these aircraft as they mostly took part in local exercises and non-combat operations. In early 2016 it was announced that the fleet was grounded / mothballed for the foreseeable future due to emerging issues mainly related to age. Many have ended up in storage leaving about a handful in flyable condition. Two A-4AR are also known to have been lost to accidents joining a single OA-4AR also lost.

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July 2019 - The KAI FA-50 and Leonardo M-346FA are in the running to succeed the Argentine Air Force's aging fleet of A-4AR "Fightinghawk" fighters. Eight to ten aircraft are sought in the deal.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk Ground Attack Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft.
1 x Pratt & Whitney J52P-408A turbojet engine developing 11,200lb of thrust.
671 mph
1,080 kph | 583 kts
Max Speed
42,257 ft
12,880 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
2,001 miles
3,220 km | 1,739 nm
Operational Range
8,440 ft/min
2,573 m/min
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk Ground Attack Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft.
40.4 ft
12.30 m
O/A Length
27.6 ft
(8.40 m)
O/A Width
14.9 ft
(4.55 m)
O/A Height
10,803 lb
(4,900 kg)
Empty Weight
24,548 lb
(11,135 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk Ground Attack Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft .
2 x 20mm Colt Mk 12 internal automatic cannons.

Up to 9,900lb of externally-carried stores across five total hardpoints supporting air-to-air missiles, air-to-surface missiles, conventional drop bombs, and rocket pods.
Notable series variants as part of the Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk family line.
A-4AR "Fightinghawk" - Ground attack model based on the A-4M; 32 conversions completed.
OA-4AR - Conversion trainers base don the TA-4F; four examples completed.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 36 Units

Contractor(s): Lockheed Martin - USA / Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina SA; Fabrica Militar de Aviones - Argentina
National flag of Argentina

[ Argentina ]
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Image of the Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk
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Going Further...
The Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk Ground Attack Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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