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Pfalz E.I


Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter


Imperial Germany | 1915



"A few E.I monoplane fighters were available to the Germans by the end of 1915 and total strength eventually reached twenty-seven in early 1916."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Pfalz Flugzeugwerke (PFW) was arranged to manufacture aircraft for the Bavarian Flying Service in 1913. In 1914, the German Empire found itself in a World War across Europe and relied on such companies to stock its air service's inventory. Some of the more notable contributions by the concern during the conflict became the Pfalz D.III and D.XII models, both completed as fighting biplanes in 1917 and 1918 respectively.

Prior to the war in 1914, the company had secured local license production of the French Morane-Saulnier Type H and Type L monoplanes, the latter a variant of the former. In time, the company committed to the E.I, E.II, E.V, and E.VI monoplane products all their own which were influenced by the French design but fitted with progressively powerful, local engines. The E.I was the beginning of the line and broadly based on the original French offering - the German offshoot served in World War 1 (1914-1918) from late October 1915 on and this became the company's first to field a machine gun armament.

The new aircraft was powered by an Oberursel U0 rotary piston engine of 80 horsepower, this also based on the French Gnome rotary series. The engine was mounted at the nose of the aircraft in the traditional way with the pilot's open-air cockpit seated directly aft. The monoplane wings were shoulder-mounted along the slab-sided fuselage. The fixed, wheeled undercarriage resided under the frontal mass of the aircraft with a skid bringing up the rear. The tail unit utilized a single vertical fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. A network of cables connected the wing mainplanes to the dorsal and ventral regions of the aircraft's fuselage. Construction was largely of wood save for sections of the engine compartment which also held a rounded cowling affixed over the engine's face.

Armed as potential fighters, the E.I carried a single 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun. This weapon was synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades (by way of "interrupter" gear). Some forms, required to conduct high-speed reconnaissance runs, had their weapons stripped as a weight-savings measure.

Type certification for the E.I occurred during September of 1915 and a pair of these aircraft were formed in the German ranks the month following. By the end of April 1916, fleet strength reached some twenty-seven examples and these were active participants in the armed escort role, partnered with slower moving observation platforms used to help gain the advantage against enemy movements on the ground. Beyond their service over European battlefields, the E.I also saw combat exposure in the Middle East during the Sinai Campaign (1916).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Pfalz E.I Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter.
1 x Oberursel U0 rotary piston engine developing 80 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller at the nose.
Propulsion
87 mph
140 kph | 76 kts
Max Speed
11,483 ft
3,500 m | 2 miles
Service Ceiling
124 miles
200 km | 108 nm
Operational Range
875 ft/min
267 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Pfalz E.I Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
20.7 ft
6.30 m
O/A Length
30.3 ft
(9.25 m)
O/A Width
8.4 ft
(2.55 m)
O/A Height
761 lb
(345 kg)
Empty Weight
1,179 lb
(535 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Pfalz E.I Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter .
OPTIONAL:
1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades (by way of interrupter gear).
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Pfalz E.I family line.
E.I - Base Series Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Pfalz E.I. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 30 Units

Contractor(s): Pfalz Flugzeugwerke - Imperial Germany
National flag of the German Empire

[ German Empire ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (87mph).

Graph Average of 75 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
30
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Pfalz E.I
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Pfalz E.I Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter appears in the following collections:
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