The nation of Romania tried its hand at developing an indigenous lightweight supersonic fighter during the 1970s. The aircraft that came to be known as the IAR 95 "Spey" was to serve the Romanian Air Force in the fighter-bomber role and feature all-modern systems and capabilities for its time. In the end, however, the program suffered from a lack of interest and funding support which led to its official demise during the late 1980s. No tangible work on the series was ever realized beyond a partially-completed full-sized mockup.
The engine of choice centered on a single Tumansky R-29-300 afterburning turbofan providing 18,300lb thrust on dry and 27,500lb thrust with reheat. This installation would be aspirated by a split-air intake in which rectangular openings were seated at each side of the aircraft.
Some of the proposed values regarding the IAR 95 design included an overall length of 16 meters, a wingspan of 9.3 meters, and a height of 5.45 meters. Empty weight was n the 7,900 kg range against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 15,200 kg. No performance specifications existed (values on this page are, therefore, purely estimates on the part of the author).
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(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
✓Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
✓Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
✓X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.
52.5 ft (16.00 m)
30.5 ft (9.30 m)
17.9 ft (5.45 m)
17,372 lb (7,880 kg)
33,510 lb (15,200 kg)
+16,138 lb (+7,320 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Avioane IAR 95 production variant)
PROPOSED: 1 x Tumansky R-29-300 turbofan engine developing 18,300lb of thrust on dry and 27,500lb with afterburner.
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Avioane IAR 95 production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
Up to 7,055lb of externally-held stores to include missiles and bombs. Wingtip missiles were to be standard and some fuselage / underwing stations plumbed for jettisonable fuel tanks.
(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 7 (including wingtip mounts)
IAR 95 - Base Series Designation; partially-completed full-scale mockup seen before program cancellation.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.
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