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Piaggio P.119


Fighter Aircraft Prototype


Kingdom of Italy | 1943



"The Piaggio P.119 fighter could have been something special in the fighting of World War 2 but the Italian surrender of September 1943 doomed the project."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/31/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
There were several aircraft of the World War 2 period (1939-1945) that attempted the concept of mounting the engine aft of the cockpit and utilizing a extension shaft to drive a nose-mounted propeller. The Bell P-39 "Airacobra" was perhaps the most famous (and successful) of these though one of the more rarer such designs to emerge during this time was from Italy through the experimental Piaggio P.119. The project netted only a sole prototype before the Italian surrender.

The P.119 was made even more unique by its selection of an air-cooled radial piston engine - the Piaggio P.XV RC.45 18-cylinder twin-row of 1,500 horsepower. This forced a large air scoop to be fitted under the nose near the main wing elements for aspirating the air-cooled installation. The benefit of fitting the engine aft of the pilot's position was that the cockpit could be moved further ahead (and thus improve the pilot's vision) while also opening the nose assembly to a concentrated weapons load. The wing mainplanes were then free to carry weight loads or fuel as needed.

The P.119 emerged as a private venture with Giovanni Casiraghi credited with its design. It was a single-seat fighter at heart with proposed armament being 1 x 20mm Breda-SAFAT autocannon firing through the propeller hub (as in the P-39 design) backed by 4 x 12.7mm Breda-SAFAT heavy machine guns. All of the armament would be concentrated in the hollowed-out nose section. This made the P.119 entry a well-armed fighting machine if other aspects of its design could be mastered - namely its uniquely-placed center-of-gravity.

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Italian authorities took interest in the design by March 1940 as the war raged on. A monocoque fuselage with metal skinning was used to make the P.119 one of the more modern Italian offerings of the war (many still relied on mixed wood/metal construction practices). A first flight by way of prototype was had on December 19th, 1942 and results were promising enough to warrant flight trials which lasted into August of 1943. It was found that the concentrated nature of the weapons causes excessive vibration of the aircraft when all were fired but this issue appeared solvable. A landing accident also damaged one of the wings which grounded the aircraft for repairs.

With series production expected to come through, engineers laid plans for the aircraft to accept the more powerful Piaggio P.XV RC.60/2V radial piston engine of 1,700 horsepower - hopefully driving performance figures even further. As it stood, the P.119 could manage a maximum speed of 400 miles per hour, a range out to 940 miles and a service ceiling nearing 41,348 feet. 10,000 feet of altitude could be reached in 3.25 minutes.

Despite all of this work and optimism, the P.119 was derailed when Italy surrendered to the Allied powers in September of 1943. The Armistice all but doomed the promising product and nothing more beyond the completed prototype was finished.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Piaggio P.119 Fighter Aircraft Prototype.
1 x Piaggio P.XV RC.45 18-cylinder air-cooled twin-row radial piston engine developing 1,500 horsepower mounted aft of cockpit and driving nose propeller by way of extension shaft.
Propulsion
401 mph
645 kph | 348 kts
Max Speed
41,355 ft
12,605 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
941 miles
1,515 km | 818 nm
Operational Range
3,080 ft/min
939 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Piaggio P.119 Fighter Aircraft Prototype.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
31.8 ft
9.70 m
O/A Length
42.7 ft
(13.00 m)
O/A Width
9.5 ft
(2.90 m)
O/A Height
5,379 lb
(2,440 kg)
Empty Weight
9,039 lb
(4,100 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Piaggio P.119 Fighter Aircraft Prototype .
1 x 20mm Breda-SAFAT autocannon in nose firing through the propeller hub.
4 x 12.7mm Breda-SAFAT heavy machine guns in nose.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Piaggio P.119 family line.
P.119 - Base Series Designation; single prototype completed.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Piaggio P.119. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1 Units

Contractor(s): Piaggio - Italy
National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy

[ Kingdom of Italy (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (401mph).

Graph Average of 375 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Future
1 / 1
Image of the Piaggio P.119
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Piaggio P.119 Fighter Aircraft Prototype appears in the following collections:
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