×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
AIRCRAFT / AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2
X-PLANE

Heinkel He P.1079A (Zerstorer)


Bomber Destroyer / Night-Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft Proposal (1945)


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Jump-to: Specifications

No examples of the Heinkel P.1079 Zerstorer were built before the end of World War 2 but some wind tunnel testing was attempted.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/06/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Advertisements
One of the greatest threats to The Reich in the latter stages of World War 2 (1939-1945) was the bombing campaign being waged on German war-making capabilities by British and American bombers. The campaign was relentless, arriving during the day and continuing throughout the night, laying waste to factories, bridges, supply depots and the like. Ultimately, the German Air Ministry was forced to entertain all concepts involving interceptors, fighters, and "bomber destroyers" to help turn the tide of the air campaign some.

In Germany, the bomber "destroyer" took on the name of "Zerstorer" and this was used to describe several designs initiated for the role. The classic early-war example for the Luftwaffe became its twin-engined Messerschmitt Bf 110 (detailed elsewhere on this site) and other types followed though with less success. As effective as the Messerschmitt design was, it reached the pinnacle of its usefulness early on and remained on stage long enough to become cannon fodder for more advanced Allied fighters in time.

The arrival of a viable turbojet engine in Germany rewrote its approach to military aircraft design. While not wholly reliable and typically fuel-thirsty, the new propulsion method offered inherent speed and performance increases that would surely provide German pilots with the upper hand. This sort of power, it was thought, could be effectively unleashed on Allied bomber formations as they made their way to the target, jet interceptors picking apart the groups through cannon fire. The chief challenge for aeronautical engineers now lay in devising airframes suitable for turbojet propulsion - the speeds at play required particular aerodynamics.

Heinkel became a prominent aircraft-designer and -maker for Germany and submitted such classics as the prop-powered He 111 Medium Bomber. It also pushed the He 178 and He 280 jet-powered developments to fruition and, beyond these projects, there arrived a slew of offerings of which few found little success. That aside, the turbojet inspired Heinkel engineers to think "beyond the box" and this resulted in several very unique initiatives by the company - the He 162 "People's Fighter" - or "Volksjager" - became one of the more iconic jets to see combat service before the end of the war.

Siegfried Gunther led a design team that fleshed out a new Zerstorer platform to serve in the interception, fighter and night-fighter roles. To ensure destruction of a given target, no fewer than 6 x 30mm Mk 108 series were installed in the airframe, four to fire forwards and two aiming aft. The aircraft could, therefore, engage a target in front or behind it (including trailing enemy interceptors). Power would come from 2 x Heinkel HeS 011 series turbojets laid in a side-by-side arrangement, straddling the fuselage at the wing roots, and producing 5,732lb of thrust combined. The engines would exhaust before the tail section.

Outwardly, engineers devised a very modern-looking fighter type - streamlined and well-arranged. The cockpit sat aft of a short nosecone and offered excellent vision for its crew of two (the pair seated inline, back-to-back). The fuselage in profile was of a slim, teardrop shape with the wing mainplanes swept back and mid-mounted along the fuselage sides while being held ahead of midships. The fuselage tapered finely to become the empennage and it was here that the product held perhaps its most unique design characteristic - a "V-tail" arrangement, this used to negated the use of traditional horizontal tail-planes (the V-tail served as both rudder and elevator surfaces). A tricycle undercarriage (wholly retractable) was planned as was cockpit pressurization. A radar would be fitted in the nosecone assembly for allowing the aircraft success against bombers at night. The forward-facing cannons were installed under the nose, further aft in the fuselage to keep the nose clear for radar. Engaging with the rear-facing cannons (which were fixed in their mountings) involved direction by the rear-facing crewman using the onboard radar with the guns themselves engaged by the pilot (via a retractable "back-aim binocular" used for fine visual tuning). As no armoring was expected (to keep the aircraft as light as possible) the rear-facing guns served a critical defensive role.
Advertisements
Jettisonable rocket packs would be installed on the aircraft during pre-flight and jettisoned once their fuel had been spent. This quality would have allowed the interceptor to take-off and achieve the desired attack altitude in short order without solely relying on the turbojet engines - which were generally under-powered for the period and could not be pushed too hard.

The aircraft came to be known under the designation of "Projekt 1079" - or "P.1079". It was an optimistic design for an early jet that attempted to combine multiple crew, a radar fit, good operational ranges, and top-flight performance characteristics into a single airframe. If successful, swarms of such aircraft could affect the Allied bombing campaign while, if a failure, the design would set back German priorities for some time and worsen its already bleak situation.

At least three versions of the P.1079 were planned as "A", "B" and "B-2". The initial model was the true V-tail version with its wing mainplanes swept back at 35-degree angles. The B-model was to feature "gull wing" mainplanes and simplify the tail unit to include a more traditional vertical fin. Additionally, this mark was to serve as an all-weather, heavy fighter and feature a reduced crew of one while still largely following the form and function of the A-model being planned. The B-2 offering was a completely tail-less form with very-well-swept wing mainplanes for high-speed performance and extended operational ranges, the latter brought about by installing additional fuel stores within the wings.

The A-model moved forward and it was estimated that the system could reach speeds of 615 to 620 miles per hour and out to a range of 1,300 miles while cruising well above 30,000 feet. Metal was selected for its construction which proved at least one sticking point - metal was a precious commodity for Germany, particularly in the late-war years. Aerodynamic efficiency would be the call-of-the-day for Heinkel engineers as every amount of speed had to be extracted from the airframe so flush surfaces were used where appropriate and weight-saving measures whenever possible.

Wind tunnel testing was essentially all that became of the P.1079 initiative. Several variations were enacted on the tail unit - one version was even akin to a flying wing - but the best fit was found to be a "T-style" tail for the design (as seen in several classic post-war fighter jets like the North American F-86 "Sabre" and the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15). The P.1079 failed to graduate into a full-sized mockup or flyable prototype before the end of the war arrived, leaving the project to the pages of Luftwaffe history.

Specifications



Service Year
1945

Origin
Nazi Germany national flag graphic
Nazi Germany

Status
CANCELLED
Development Ended.
Crew
2

Production
0
UNITS


Heinkel - Nazi Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Interception
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.


Length
44.0 ft
(13.40 m)
Width/Span
42.7 ft
(13.00 m)
Height
12.8 ft
(3.90 m)
Empty Wgt
10,803 lb
(4,900 kg)
MTOW
22,046 lb
(10,000 kg)
Wgt Diff
+11,244 lb
(+5,100 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Heinkel He P.1079A production variant)
Installed: 2 x Heinkel HeS 011 turbojet engines developing 2,866lb of thrust each.
Max Speed
590 mph
(950 kph | 513 kts)
Ceiling
32,808 ft
(10,000 m | 6 mi)
Range
1,771 mi
(2,850 km | 5,278 nm)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Heinkel He P.1079A production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
PROPOSED:
4 x 30mm Mk 108 cannons under the nose (forward-facing).
2 x 30mm Mk 108 cannons (periscope-directed, rear-facing).


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


P.1079 - Base Project Designation.
P.1079A - Original concept with V-tail and 35-degree swept mainplanes.
P.1079B - Gull-wing mainplanes with traditional tail rudder fin.
P.1079B-2 - Tailless proposal with very-swept-back wing mainplanes; revised wing internals for additional fuel stores used to increase operational range.


Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-