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Grumman XF10F Jaguar


Carrierborne Jet Fighter / Strike Fighter Prototype


United States | 1952



"The Grumman XF10F Jaguar survived as only a single completed, flyable prototype and existed briefly from 1952 into 1953."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/12/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Model 83 was a submission put forward by Grumman to the United States Navy (USN) as a single-seat, single-engine jet fighter. The proposal was revealed in early September of 1947 and intended for carrier-based operations - as a fighter it could carry a battery of 4 x 20mm cannon (never fitted) as well as bombs and rockets for the strike role. Unlike other early-generation jet fighters, the Model 83 was to fit the APS-19 radar. The wing mainplanes were fitted amidships and sported sweepback along the leading edges while the tail section, encompassing a single fin, mounted the horizontal planes high (forming a "T" style tail unit). The jet engine would be aspirated through wingroot intakes keeping the nose free for armament and radar. The cockpit was set ahead of midships with generally good vision for the pilot.

It was intended that the aircraft would take on the British Rolls-Royce "Nene" turbojet engine as the "XJ42-TT-2" to be produced locally by Taylor Turbine. The engine was to produce up to 5,000 lb of dry thrust output and featured an afterburning capability which would increase thrust to 8,000 lb for short periods. The prototype designation for the Model 83 became "XF10F-1" and an April 1948 USN contract followed for two machines (one flyable and other a static test article). The name "Jaguar" was eventually associated with the design.

Preliminary work provided unique insight into the proposed aircraft and issues related to handling were revealed which led engineers to rework some facets of the design. A "variable incidence" wing was introduced to compensate and a USN increase to the fighter's expected range brought about additional revisions which, inevitably, led to increased overall weight for the carrier-based fighter development. Grumman was able to produce a mockup before mid-1949 but the program was beginning to face rising obstacles which put its future in doubt. The Westinghouse afterburning XJ40 turbojet was now the engine being fitted promising thrust output up to 11,000 lb.

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Instead of the variable incidence wing, Grumman managed to convince USN authorities that a variable-geometry wing would solve ongoing handling issues at low- and high-speeds and this was then installed on the finalized prototype. The product achieved its first flight in prototype on May 19th, 1952. Sufficiently impressed, the USN followed an order for 112 machines under the model designation of "F10F".

Despite the push forward, the Jaguar ended its service life as only a single prototype (the second prototype lay incomplete before the end). There proved too many issues (performance, technically and mechanically related) for the Jaguar to overcome - performance from the temperamental XJ40-WE-8 engine led to an underpowered aircraft as thrust output reached only 6,800 lb during tests. The variable-geometry wing worked as planned but proved a bit too impractical for frontline carrier-based fighter use. As a result, the Model 83 / XF10F project was ended where it stood (and the production order subsequently cancelled) during April 1953. Despite this, the exposure for Grumman engineers was priceless despite the overall "failure" of the product in question - the "swing-wing" capability was used to perfection in the Grumman F-14 "Tomcat" fleet defense fighter of the 1970s.

Grumman performance estimates for their Model 83 included a maximum speed of 686 miles per hour, a service ceiling of at least 30,000 feet and a rate-of-climb nearing 10,100 feet-per-minute. Combat radius was listed at 440 miles. The XF10F-1 prototype exhibited a maximum speed of 710 miles per hour and a range out to 1,670 miles. Both airframes were ultimately expended or scrapped.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Grumman XF10F Jaguar Carrierborne Jet Fighter / Strike Fighter Prototype.
1 x Westinghouse XJ40-WE-8 turbojet engine developing 6,800lb of thrust.
Propulsion
684 mph
1,100 kph | 594 kts
Max Speed
30,184 ft
9,200 m | 6 miles
Service Ceiling
1,659 miles
2,670 km | 1,442 nm
Operational Range
10,100 ft/min
3,078 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Grumman XF10F Jaguar Carrierborne Jet Fighter / Strike Fighter Prototype.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
55.8 ft
17.00 m
O/A Length
50.6 ft
(15.42 m)
O/A Width
16.2 ft
(4.95 m)
O/A Height
20,426 lb
(9,265 kg)
Empty Weight
35,450 lb
(16,080 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Grumman XF10F Jaguar Carrierborne Jet Fighter / Strike Fighter Prototype .
PROPOSED:
4 x 20mm autocannons in the nose.

PROPOSED (optional):
Underwing hardpoints for the carrying of conventional drop bombs and rockets to fulfill the strike role.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Grumman XF10F Jaguar family line.
Model 83 - Company model designation.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Grumman XF10F Jaguar. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1 Units

Contractor(s): Grumman Aircraft - USA
National flag of the United States

[ United States (cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (684mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Grumman XF10F Jaguar
Image from the United States Navy; Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
MARITIME / NAVY
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Grumman XF10F Jaguar Carrierborne Jet Fighter / Strike Fighter Prototype appears in the following collections:
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