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AERFER Sagittario 2 (Archer 2)


Single-Seat, Single-Engine Daytime Strike Fighter Prototype (1956)


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The AERFER Sagittario 2 was a further evolution of the earlier Sagittario jet aircraft - both serving Italian jet aircraft development well.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/30/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The first Italian aircraft to break the speed of sound under control - the "Sagittario 2" ("Archer 2") - actually held roots in an earlier piston-powered monoplane form. The S.7 was developed along the lines of a racing aircraft and first flew in July of 1939, prior to the formal start of World War 2 (1939-1945). This aircraft managed speeds near 370 miles per hour with its streamlined Alfa Romeo inline engine outputting 225 horsepower. About ten were taken on by Italy during the war and a further 145 were added in the post-war years.

From this rather conventional beginning, the "Sagittario" was realized as a technology demonstrator. Only one vehicle was constructed and this carried a Turbomeca "Marbore" turbojet engine outputting 840 pounds thrust. The airframe stayed somewhat faithful to the original S.7 but changes were clearly made to accept the jet powerplant - these included swept-back wing mainplanes (45-degrees) and a nose-mounted intake. First flight of the Sagittario came on January 5th, 1953.

With this foundation in place, the prototype "Sagittario "2 was born and its design was attributed to Sergio Stefanutti. Construction of the aircraft was through Industrie Meccaniche Aeronautiche Meridionali (AERFER) with the intent on bringing the model along for the daytime interceptor role with a light attack function as secondary.

Engineers were able to produce a most-compact jet aircraft. Power was from a Rolls-Royce "Derwent 9" turbojet engine outputting 3,600 pounds thrust and its aspiration came from a small circular nose intake. The single-seat cockpit was featured at midships under a largely unobstructed bubble-style canopy. Wings were swept rearwards for high-speed flight and the fuselage form was well-streamlined and left relatively featureless. The tail unit incorporated swept-back surfaces as well, made up of a single vertical tail fin and low-mounted horizontal planes (dihedral was noted on the latter). A tricycle undercarriage rounded out the list of features.

By any measure, design of the Sagittario 2 was a highly conventional jet aircraft for the period - the nose-mounted intake was a well-accepted trait as was the bubble canopy and tricycle undercarriage. This configuration was used by many aircraft of the immediate post-war period especially across the many test forms originating from the Soviet Union (leading to the classic Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 fighter). All-metal construction was used throughout the makeup of the aircraft. Dimensions included a running length of 9.5 meters with a wingspan of 7.5 meters. Empty weight was 5,070 pounds against a gross weight of 7,275 pounds.

Proposed armament was 2 x Hispano-Suiza 30mm cannons with a pair of hardpoints supporting up to 700-to-1,000 pounds of conventional drop ordnance or machine gun / cannon pods. Alternatively, plans were made to have the aircraft support launch rails for underwing rockets.

A prototype Sagittario 2 first went into the air on May 19th, 1956. On December 4th of that year the aircraft broke the sound barrier in a controlled dive from an altitude of 45,000 feet - achieving a recorded speed of Mach 1.1 in the process. Though never accepted into service in any role with the Italian military, the Sagittario 2 nonetheless provided valuable data concerning aspects of high-speed flight by jet power as well as high-speed flight relying on swept-wing mainplanes. The focus shifted to a more refined version of the Sagittario 2 that became the AERFER "Ariete" ("Ram") - though only one completed prototype emerged from this endeavor despite the efforts put into the program.

Specifications



Service Year
1956

Origin
Italy national flag graphic
Italy

Status
CANCELLED
Development Ended.
Crew
1

Production
1
UNITS


Industrie Meccaniche Aeronautiche Meridionali (AERFER) - Italy
National flag of Italy Italy (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.


Length
31.2 ft
(9.50 m)
Width/Span
24.6 ft
(7.50 m)
Height
47.6 ft
(14.50 m)
Empty Wgt
5,071 lb
(2,300 kg)
MTOW
7,275 lb
(3,300 kg)
Wgt Diff
+2,205 lb
(+1,000 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the AERFER Sagittario 2 production variant)
Installed: 1 x Rolls-Royce Derwent 9 turbojet engine developing 3,600 lb thrust.
Max Speed
652 mph
(1,050 kph | 567 kts)
Ceiling
39,370 ft
(12,000 m | 7 mi)
Range
475 mi
(765 km | 1,417 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
8,000 ft/min
(2,438 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the AERFER Sagittario 2 production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
PROPOSED (Fixed):
2 x 30mm Hispano-Suiza internal cannons

PROPOSED (Optional) (Across two planned hardpoints):
2 x 500lb conventional drop bombs
2 x Machine Gun Pods
2 x Cannon Pods
12 x 3" Aerial Rockets


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of an aircraft cannon pod
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 2


Sagittario 2 ("Archer 2") - Base Series Name


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