×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
AIRCRAFT / AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
X-PLANE

Arsenal VG-90


Carrierbased Strike Fighter Prototype Aircraft (1949)


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Arsenal VG-90 became the culmination of a single-seat jet-powered modern fighter originating from the earlier VG-70.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/07/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
French aviation's road to respectability in the period immediately following World War 2 (1939-1945) was a long and arduous one. However, progress was being made as soon as the war in Europe concluded in May of 1945. Arsenal de l'Aeronautique, a government military aircraft maker founded in 1934, produced several jet-powered prototypes appearing in the late 1940s and these would serve to help French aero industry as a whole - beginning with the VG-70. The VG-70 served as a technology demonstrator showcasing swept-back wings and a turbojet engine. While its flying career was short, it offered the needed data to assist in subsequent programs by the company.

While a promising endeavor, the VG-70 was limited in its adaptability to bigger, more powerful engine installations and became something of a technological dead end. The related VG-71 was to fit a Rolls-Royce Derwent engine of more power and the VG-80 was to follow suit with the Rolls-Royce Nene but neither of these proposals was furthered. When the French Navy came calling for a new carrier-based, jet-powered strike fighter, the company developed its VG-90 platform based on its findings with the VG-70. The VG-70 competed with the Aerocentre / SNCAC NC 1080 and Nord 2200 offerings being put forth.

As with the VG-70, the VG-90 was given a metal, streamlined fuselage fitting the single-seat cockpit ahead of midships. Wings were, again, shoulder-mounted along the fuselage sides and showcased greater sweepback along its leading edges when compared to the trailing edges. The tail unit remained conventional - a sole vertical fin sat above a pair of low-mounted horizontal planes. A low-profile, fully-retractable undercarriage was also retained. With metal featured heavily in the fuselage's construction, the tail section relied on a metal understructure with plywood skin.

The chief difference between the VG-70 and the newer VG-90 was the relocation of the latter's intake, now made into a pair of slim openings contoured to the form of the fuselage sides. This was a departure from the VG-70s ventrally-located intake which, at first, was seen as a promising design quality but ultimately grew into a limiting feature. The VG-90 carried a Hispano-Suiza (Rolls-Royce) Nene turbojet engine of 5,000 lb thrust output - considerably greater than the VG-70's German wartime Junkers Jumo 004 series turbojet of 1,980 lb thrust.

Proposed fixed armament for the fighter was 3 x 30mm Hispano-Suiza cannons which would have given it a good "punch" against targets of the day. Provision was made to equip the aircraft for hauling 2 x 1,100 conventional drop bombs for the strike role. Additionally, thought was also given to supporting air-launched rockets on wing rails as well through an internal bay.
Arsenal constructed two prototypes of the VG-90 and a first flight was recorded on September 27th, 1949. The second prototype differed in its armament fit - 2 x 20mm cannons, 2 x 7.7mm machine guns, an internal 36-shot rocket pack (RAC 50 rockets) and underwing launch rails for additional rockets (either 16 x T10 rockets or 80 x RAC 50 rockets). This model made its maiden flight during June of 1951.

Flight testing of the VG-90 was fraught with issues and both models were eventually lost in separate crashes - each claiming the life of its respective test pilot. On May 25th, 1950, one of the undercarriage panels became loose and hit the tail causing a loss of control and an inevitable crash. On February 21st, 1952, violent flutter was blamed for the tail section ripping off and sending the crippled aircraft spiraling to earth. Despite the aircraft carrying an ejection seat for its pilot, this system failed which ensured a loss of life. A third prototype had been planned that would have carried a SNECMA Atar 01F series turbojet engine of 8,818 lb thrust but due to the issues encountered with the flight testing of the earlier prototypes, this variant was not pursued into a physical form.

The program was eventually terminated and none of the three offered designs from the three competing companies were adopted for service in the French Navy.

As completed, the VG-90 sported a length of 13.4 meters, a wingspan of 12.6 meters and a height of 3.5 meters. Empty weight was 11,250 lb against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 17,840 lb. Performance specifications included a maximum speed of 570 miles per hour, a range out to 960 miles, and a service ceiling up to 42,640 feet. Rate-of-climb reached 4,500 feet per minute.

Specifications



Service Year
1949

Origin
France national flag graphic
France

Status
CANCELLED
Development Ended.
Crew
1

Production
2
UNITS


Arsenal de l'Aeronautique - France
National flag of France France (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.
Maritime / Navy
Land-based or shipborne capability for operating over-water in various maritime-related roles while supported by allied naval surface elements.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.


Length
44.0 ft
(13.40 m)
Width/Span
41.3 ft
(12.60 m)
Height
11.6 ft
(3.55 m)
Empty Wgt
11,244 lb
(5,100 kg)
MTOW
17,857 lb
(8,100 kg)
Wgt Diff
+6,614 lb
(+3,000 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Arsenal VG-90 production variant)
Installed: 1 x Hispano-Suiza (Rolls-Royce) Nene turbojet engine developing 5,000lb of thrust.
Max Speed
572 mph
(920 kph | 497 kts)
Ceiling
42,651 ft
(13,000 m | 8 mi)
Range
963 mi
(1,550 km | 2,871 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
4,500 ft/min
(1,372 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Arsenal VG-90 production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
Prototype 1:
3 x 30mm internal cannons
2 x 1,100lb conventional drop bombs held underwing

Prototype 2:
2 x 20mm internal cannons
2 x 7.7mm machine guns
36 x RAC 50 rockets fired from an internal bay
16 x T10 OR 80 x RAC 50 rockets held underwing


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 2


VG-90 - Base Series Designation; three prototypes planned with two completed and flown.


Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003- :::NEWSITE