Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Chart (2023) Military Ranks


Aviation / Aerospace

IAI Nesher (Vulture)

Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft [ 1972 ]

The IAI Nesher was an Israeli take on the French Mirage 5 attack platform - fewer than sixty-five were produced.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/19/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The nation of Israel, in its modern incarnation, was born into war and this meant that a ready and willing military needed to be established for the country to exist when surrounded by largely Arab neighbors. In the early going, it was simple enough to purchase military equipment from retired stocks found around the globe and the first generation Israeli Army even featured M4 Sherman tanks among other classic vehicles. In time it soon became apparent to authorities that local initiatives should be undertaken to help create a more independent Israel in terms of military power. This work begat a slew of products of which some became successful additions to the Israeli arsenal and others faded into history.

The IAI "Nesher" (Hebrew for "Vulture") was brought along the lines of a multi-role platform with strike capabilities built into the design while also retaining fighter-like prowess. The basis for the aircraft became the French Dassault "Mirage 5", a globally popular multirole fighter introduced during the 1960s and produced to the tune of 582 aircraft. The Israelis entered into talks with the French government to procure the type but regional tensions led to an embargo on Israel - though the initial batch of aircraft was allowed to complete its production run.

However, these aircraft were never officially handed over to the Israeli Air Force (IAF) - Israel was refunded their purchase money by the French government. From this, two sides of a story emerged with one claiming that the Israelis rebuilt the line from blueprints and another claiming that the French did, indeed, delivered unassembled Mirage Vs to the Israelis in secret. At any rate, the Israeli-manufactured version (whether officially licensed or not) of the Mirage 5 became known as the IAI "Nesher". IAI Bedek Aviation Division even completed the French SNECMA Atar 09C turbojet engines for the line.©MilitaryFactory.com
The primary difference between the Mirage 5 and the Nesher was in the latter's reliance on Israeli-developed avionics. It also provided the pilot with a Martin-Baker JM6 series "zero-zero" ejection seat. Additionally, the armament suite supported both the American AIM-9 "Sidewinder" short-ranged air-to-air missile as well as the indigenous Rafael "Shafrir" ("Dragonfly") AAM and Rafael "Luz" air-to-surface missile. The SNECMA engine produced 13,670 pounds of thrust with afterburning which gave good performance in service.

The Nesher, in prototype form, went to the air for the first time during September of 1969. A short period of testing and evaluation followed which led to deliveries in 1971 and service entry coming in 1972. Fifty-one of the combat-ready planes were taken on as well as ten of the two-seat trainer form. They received their baptism of fire during the Yom Kippur War (1973) and gave an excellent account of themselves - managing over 100 air kills in the conflict.

"Nesher S" marked the base, single-seat attack forms for the IAF and these were followed by the "Nesher T" designation marking two-seat trainers. When the upcoming IAI "Kfir" aircraft entered into IAF plans, the IAI Nesher was marginalized and eventually offered for export - to which Argentina took the Israelis up on the offer. These were then designated as "Dagger A" and "Dagger B" respectively and delivered in batches during 1978-1979 and 1981-1982. Numbers totaled 35 of the single-seat attackers and four trainers. At least five were procured by the South African Air Force.

Because of its close association with the French Mirage 5, dimensions and performance figures for the Nesher were quite close in comparison. Overall length was 51.35 feet with a wingspan of 26.97 feet and height of 14.76 feet. Empty weight was 14,550 lb against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 29,762 lb. Maximum speed reached 1,460 miles per hour with ranges out to 808 miles, a service ceiling of 58,000 feet and a rate-of-climb nearing 16,400 feet-per-minute.

Israeli use of Neshers officially ended in 1977.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Israel national flag graphic



Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) - Israel
(View other Aviaton-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Argentina National flag of Israel National flag of South Africa Argentina; Israel; South Africa
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.

51.3 ft
(15.65 m)
27.0 ft
(8.22 m)
14.8 ft
(4.50 m)
Empty Wgt
14,551 lb
(6,600 kg)
29,762 lb
(13,500 kg)
Wgt Diff
+15,212 lb
(+6,900 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base IAI Nesher (Vulture) production variant)
Installed: 1 x SNECMA Atar 09C turbojet engine developing 13,688lb thrust with afterburner (9,435lb dry).
Max Speed
1,460 mph
(2,350 kph | 1,269 kts)
58,005 ft
(17,680 m | 11 mi)
808 mi
(1,300 km | 2,408 nm)
16,400 ft/min
(4,999 m/min)

♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base IAI Nesher (Vulture) production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
2 x 30mm DEFA 552 internal cannons

Up to 8,800 lb of conventional ordnance across five external hardpoints.

Supported Types

Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 5

Nesher - Base Series Name
Nesher S - Base Fighter-Bomber model; 51 examples
Nesher T - Two-seat trainer variant; 10 examples
Dagger A - Export Nesher S to Argentina; 35 examples
Dagger B - Export Nesher T to Argentina; four examples

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Official Israeli Defense Forces image.


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2023 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing all American military medals and ribbons.

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-