×
Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

IAI Nesher (Vulture)


Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft


Israel | 1972



"The IAI Nesher was an Israeli take on the French Mirage 5 attack platform - fewer than sixty-five were produced."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/19/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The nation of Israel, in its modern incarnation, was born into war and this meant that a ready and willing military needed to be established for the country to exist when surrounded by largely Arab neighbors. In the early going, it was simple enough to purchase military equipment from retired stocks found around the globe and the first generation Israeli Army even featured M4 Sherman tanks among other classic vehicles. In time it soon became apparent to authorities that local initiatives should be undertaken to help create a more independent Israel in terms of military power. This work begat a slew of products of which some became successful additions to the Israeli arsenal and others faded into history.

The IAI "Nesher" (Hebrew for "Vulture") was brought along the lines of a multi-role platform with strike capabilities built into the design while also retaining fighter-like prowess. The basis for the aircraft became the French Dassault "Mirage 5", a globally popular multirole fighter introduced during the 1960s and produced to the tune of 582 aircraft. The Israelis entered into talks with the French government to procure the type but regional tensions led to an embargo on Israel - though the initial batch of aircraft was allowed to complete its production run.

However, these aircraft were never officially handed over to the Israeli Air Force (IAF) - Israel was refunded their purchase money by the French government. From this, two sides of a story emerged with one claiming that the Israelis rebuilt the line from blueprints and another claiming that the French did, indeed, delivered unassembled Mirage Vs to the Israelis in secret. At any rate, the Israeli-manufactured version (whether officially licensed or not) of the Mirage 5 became known as the IAI "Nesher". IAI Bedek Aviation Division even completed the French SNECMA Atar 09C turbojet engines for the line.

Article Continues Below Advertisement...
ADVERTISEMENTS
The primary difference between the Mirage 5 and the Nesher was in the latter's reliance on Israeli-developed avionics. It also provided the pilot with a Martin-Baker JM6 series "zero-zero" ejection seat. Additionally, the armament suite supported both the American AIM-9 "Sidewinder" short-ranged air-to-air missile as well as the indigenous Rafael "Shafrir" ("Dragonfly") AAM and Rafael "Luz" air-to-surface missile. The SNECMA engine produced 13,670 pounds of thrust with afterburning which gave good performance in service.

The Nesher, in prototype form, went to the air for the first time during September of 1969. A short period of testing and evaluation followed which led to deliveries in 1971 and service entry coming in 1972. Fifty-one of the combat-ready planes were taken on as well as ten of the two-seat trainer form. They received their baptism of fire during the Yom Kippur War (1973) and gave an excellent account of themselves - managing over 100 air kills in the conflict.

"Nesher S" marked the base, single-seat attack forms for the IAF and these were followed by the "Nesher T" designation marking two-seat trainers. When the upcoming IAI "Kfir" aircraft entered into IAF plans, the IAI Nesher was marginalized and eventually offered for export - to which Argentina took the Israelis up on the offer. These were then designated as "Dagger A" and "Dagger B" respectively and delivered in batches during 1978-1979 and 1981-1982. Numbers totaled 35 of the single-seat attackers and four trainers. At least five were procured by the South African Air Force.

Because of its close association with the French Mirage 5, dimensions and performance figures for the Nesher were quite close in comparison. Overall length was 51.35 feet with a wingspan of 26.97 feet and height of 14.76 feet. Empty weight was 14,550 lb against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 29,762 lb. Maximum speed reached 1,460 miles per hour with ranges out to 808 miles, a service ceiling of 58,000 feet and a rate-of-climb nearing 16,400 feet-per-minute.

Israeli use of Neshers officially ended in 1977.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the IAI Nesher (Vulture) Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft.
1 x SNECMA Atar 09C turbojet engine developing 13,688lb thrust with afterburner (9,435lb dry).
Propulsion
1,460 mph
2,350 kph | 1,269 kts
Max Speed
58,005 ft
17,680 m | 11 miles
Service Ceiling
808 miles
1,300 km | 702 nm
Operational Range
16,400 ft/min
4,999 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the IAI Nesher (Vulture) Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
51.3 ft
15.65 m
O/A Length
27.0 ft
(8.22 m)
O/A Width
14.8 ft
(4.50 m)
O/A Height
14,551 lb
(6,600 kg)
Empty Weight
29,762 lb
(13,500 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the IAI Nesher (Vulture) Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft .
STANDARD:
2 x 30mm DEFA 552 internal cannons

OPTIONAL:
Up to 8,800 lb of conventional ordnance across five external hardpoints.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the IAI Nesher (Vulture) family line.
Nesher - Base Series Name
Nesher S - Base Fighter-Bomber model; 51 examples
Nesher T - Two-seat trainer variant; 10 examples
Dagger A - Export Nesher S to Argentina; 35 examples
Dagger B - Export Nesher T to Argentina; four examples
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the IAI Nesher (Vulture). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 61 Units

Contractor(s): Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) - Israel
National flag of Argentina National flag of Israel National flag of South Africa

[ Argentina; Israel; South Africa ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 1500mph
Lo: 750mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (1,460mph).

Graph Average of 1,125 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
61
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the IAI Nesher (Vulture)
Official Israeli Defense Forces image.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
CLOSE-AIR SUPPORT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The IAI Nesher (Vulture) Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft appears in the following collections:
HOME
AVIATION INDEX
AIRCRAFT BY COUNTRY
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE AIRCRAFT
AIRCRAFT BY CONFLICT
AIRCRAFT BY TYPE
AIRCRAFT BY DECADE
COLD WAR AIRCRAFT
FALKLANDS WAR AIRCRAFT
YOM KIPPUR WAR AIRCRAFT
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)