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Potez 230


Single-Seat, Single Engine Fighter Aircraft Prototype


France | 1940



"The Potez 230 fighter only made it to a flyable prototype form before the German conquer of France in 1940."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/07/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Before the World War 2 (1939-1945) began, the nation of France made some strides in attempting to deliver all-modern battlefield solutions - though many of these developments came much t0o late to be of use in the defense of the nation. This commitment included the Potez 230, a single-seat, single-engine ligthweight monoplane fighter which was to feature very modern qualities including an enclosed cockpit, metal skinning, a low-mounted elliptical wing planform and a retractable undercarriage. Work progressed well on the design but the German conquer of France abruptly ended its future value. The aircraft was confiscated by the enemy and taken back to Germany where it was studied at length and ultimately discarded. Only one prototype was completed.

Just before the war the Potez concern was allowed to continue as a brand despite its absorption into the Societe Nationale de Constructions Aeronatique du Nord (SNCAN) which also claimed ANF-Mureaux during 1937. By this time work had been ongoing on another lightweight fighter, the ANF-Mureaux 190 model, and from this was evolved a similar product - to become the Potez 230.

Engineers elected for an eliptical wing planform which was popular for the period - featured on the classic British Supermarine Spitfire for example. The fuselage was well-streamlined with a propeller spinner fitted at front and a tapered empennage. The tail unit incorporated conventional tail surfaces that included a sole vertical fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. The undercarriage was of a "tail-dragger" arrangement with two main legs retracting under the wing roots and a small tailwheel under the rear. The wing mainplanes were fitted ahead of midships with the cockpit at midships. The pilot sat under a heavily framed canopy and views to the rear were blocked by the raised fuselage spine. Armament, only proposed for the finalized design, was to incorporate a 20mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 series cannon in the engine block, firing through the propeller hub with two 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns fitted to each wing element. Power would be served through a Hispano-Suiza 12Xcrs V12 liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 670 horsepower.

With the prototype completed, a first flight was recorded on March 30th, 1940 as World War 2 was already ongoing (the Germans invaded Poland back in September 1939). The design offered a maximum speed of nearly 350 miles per hour when operating at 16,400 feet and a mission endurance window of 1.5 hours was listed. Its handling was sound and the design seemed promising enough. The integrated wing torsion box was of particular note for it was the first of its kind fitted to any aircraft. However, the German invasion of France in May of 1940 derailed all future gains of the product - when Villacoublay fell to the invaders so too did the single prototype which was promptly taken over and shipped back to Germany where it was dissected for whatever value it held - interest primarily settling on the wing torsion box design.

The Potez 230 prototype did not survive the war and ended its life as a footnote in World War 2 aviation history.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Potez 230 Single-Seat, Single Engine Fighter Aircraft Prototype.
1 x Hispano-Suiza 12Xcrs V12 liquid-cooled inline engine developing 670 horsepower.
Propulsion
348 mph
560 kph | 302 kts
Max Speed
32,808 ft
10,000 m | 6 miles
Service Ceiling
621 miles
1,000 km | 540 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Potez 230 Single-Seat, Single Engine Fighter Aircraft Prototype.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
24.8 ft
7.57 m
O/A Length
28.7 ft
(8.75 m)
O/A Width
7.2 ft
(2.18 m)
O/A Height
3,307 lb
(1,500 kg)
Empty Weight
4,850 lb
(2,200 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Potez 230 Single-Seat, Single Engine Fighter Aircraft Prototype .
PROPOSED:
1 x 20mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannon in the propeller hub.
4 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns in wings (two per wing).
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Potez 230 family line.
Model 230 - Base Prototype Designation; sole prototype completed.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Potez 230. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1 Units

Contractor(s): Societe Nationale de Constructions Aeronautiques du Nord (SNCAN) / Potez - France
National flag of France

[ France (planned, cancelled) ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (348mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Potez 230
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Potez 230 Single-Seat, Single Engine Fighter Aircraft Prototype appears in the following collections:
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