×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
AIRCRAFT / AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2
X-PLANE

Blohm and Voss Bv 40


Fighter-Glider / Interceptor Aircraft (1944)


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

Only seven prototypes constituted the Blohm and Voss Fighter Glider program - cancelled during the fall of 1944.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/23/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
While generally focused on shipbuilding for its role in history, the German concern of Blohm und Voss began work in the field of aircraft during the rearmament years leading up to World War 2 (1939-1945). During the war, several of its large flying boat designs were adopted for service by the Luftwaffe and the company attempted to expand upon its good fortune by drawing up many fighter designs to fulfill ongoing requirements. Blohm & Voss would never be accused of being too traditional, especially considering its unorthodox offerings such as its asymmetric BV 141 reconnaissance light bomber (detailed elsewhere on this site). To its stable of paper airplanes was added the BV 40 - unique in its approach as it was to be a "fighter glider".

During 1944, the fortunes for Germany changed substantially with the rise of the Soviet war machine in the East and the successes encountered by the Allies in North Africa, Italy and across France. Particularly damaging to the German war effort were the day and night time bombing raids conducted by the masses of Allied bombers against factories, industrial centers, and general infrastructure. This gave rise to the need for German aircraft that could meet the challenge of these bombers and wreak their own brand of havoc before these aircraft could drop their war loads.

The BV 40 was conceived of as a very-low-cost alternative to more complex and expensive jet- or rocket-powered fighters undergoing work. The aircraft was given a rather utilitarian appearance through its boxy fuselage, made largely of wood, that featured an armored single-seat cockpit at front. The pilot lay prone on a padded bench in the nose which allowed for a very slim profile to be adopted. The cockpit was completed over in sheet metal construction. The wing mainplanes (straight appendages) were high-mounted for maximum lift while the tail utilized a single vertical fin with mid-mounted, forward-set horizontal planes. A twin-wheeled undercarriage (jettisonable after take-off) sat under the frontal section of the fuselage with landing accomplished via a belly skid (the pilot would glide his aircraft down post-mission). Proposed armament was 2 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons fitted as one to each wing root with 35 rounds available to each gun.

Dimensions included a length of 18.7 feet, a wingspan of 26 feet and a height of 5.4 feet. Empty weight was 1,845 pounds against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 2,095 pounds. Maximum speed was estimated to be 560 miles per hour in dive with 345 mph being possible when under tow from a Bf 109G model series aircraft.

In theory, the BV 40 would be towed as a pair behind a sole Messerschmitt Bf 109 single-seat, prop-driven aircraft - Germany's preeminent fighter of the war. This trio would fly to altitude in response to an incoming bomber formation - the Bf 109 charged with getting these gliders some distance above the formation prior to them beginning their attack run. Once at altitude, the gliders were released and the BV 40 pilots used basic aerial physics when swooping through the unsuspecting bomber formation - the initial attack angle being at 20 degrees. This attack style only granted one or two attack runs on the target so concentration by the pilot was key to success - the cannons expected to make short work of the large aircraft. Once their momentum (or ammunition) had been spent, the gliders would return to pre-designated recovery areas on their skids to be rearmed and reused in a future interception sortie.

Design of the BV 40 was attributed to famous aeronautics engineer Dr. Richard Vogt. First flight was completed on May 6th, 1944 and nineteen prototypes were ordered through a contract that also requested 200 production-quality machines. Simple to produce and operate, the BV 40 held some merit for a nation restricted in its war material usage. However, the program never really gained much traction as the focus clearly remained on interceptors powered by turbojets. With interest in the BV 40 waning amidst the mounting losses for Germany, the project was ended with just seven prototypes having been completed during the fall of 1944.

Specifications



Service Year
1944

Origin
Nazi Germany national flag graphic
Nazi Germany

Status
CANCELLED
Development Ended.
Crew
1

Production
7
UNITS


Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Interception
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.


Length
18.7 ft
(5.70 m)
Width/Span
25.9 ft
(7.90 m)
Height
5.3 ft
(1.63 m)
Empty Wgt
1,819 lb
(825 kg)
MTOW
2,094 lb
(950 kg)
Wgt Diff
+276 lb
(+125 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Blohm and Voss Bv 40 production variant)
Installed: None. The aircraft was intended to be towed to attack altitude prior to release.
Max Speed
559 mph
(900 kph | 486 kts)
Ceiling
39,370 ft
(12,000 m | 7 mi)
Range
124 mi
(200 km | 370 nm)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Blohm and Voss Bv 40 production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons (one per wing root).


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


Bv 40 - Base Series Designation; seven prototypes completed.


Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-