The Emergency Fighter Program (EFP) was begun in July of 1944 by the German Luftwaffe to help produce efficient and effective fighters to combat the growing threat of enemy bombers wreaking havoc on German war-making infrastructure. This produced a myriad of "paper" airplanes, wind tunnel models, and mockups though very few of the designs would ever actually see the light of day before the end. Messerschmitt remained a key contributor to Luftwaffe interests throughout the war - having delivered its important Bf 109 piston-driven fighter before the war - though they were never to repeat success after the arrival of their famous Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet powered fighter.
The P.1110 was one of the company's many late wartime projects and a submission for consideration into the EFP. This aircraft was designed as a high-altitude interceptor with propulsion provided for by a single turbojet engine. It featured swept wing surfaces (the mainplanes low-mounted) and a well-streamlined fuselage with twin intake ducts aspirating the Heinkel HeS 011A powerplant of 2,866lb thrust within. The jet would exhaust through a single ring at the base of the tail unit. The tail unit would have carried a single tail fin with low-set horizontal planes.
By early 1945, the primary threat on German radars was becoming the new Boeing B-29 "Superfortress", the sleek successor to the famous B-17 "Flying Fortress" and capable of carrying a greater war load at higher altitudes and to far greater ranges. While the "People's Fighter", the Heinkel He 162 single-seat, single-engine jet fighter had already taken root in the Luftwaffe inventory, this design was already of an older generation of jets despite its advanced form and a new, all-modern interceptor solution was sought. The P.1110 joined other Messerschmitt designs in attempting to satisfy the new Luftwaffe requirement.
Messerschmitt engineers estimated maximum speed at approximately 630 miles per hour thanks to its sleek design, swept surfaces and contoured intakes (no other numbers were available). Dimensions were to include a length of 30.7 feet, a wingspan of 27 feet and a height of 8.8 feet. Projected armament was to be 3 x 30mm MK 108 series autocannons fitted to the nose for a hefty punch against the most stubborn of enemy bombers. The aircraft would require only a single pilot and this person set under a simplified two-piece canopy with little framing to obstruct all-around vision. Overall construction was to use as much wood as possible due to limitations in raw war materials - particularly metal. The undercarriage was an all-wheeled, retractable tricycle arrangement.
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(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
✓Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Ability to intercept inbound aerial threats by way of high-performance, typically speed and rate-of-climb.
✓X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.
30.7 ft (9.35 m)
26.9 ft (8.20 m)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Messerschmitt Me P.1110 production variant)
monoplane / low-mounted / swept-back
Design utilizes a single primary wing mainplane; this represent the most popular mainplane arrangement.
Mainplanes are low-mounted along the sides of the fuselage.
The planform features wing sweep back along the leading edges of the mainplane, promoting higher operating speeds.
(Structural descriptors pertain to the base Messerschmitt Me P.1110 production variant)
1 x Heinkel HeS 011A turbojet engine developing 2,866 lb of thrust.
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Messerschmitt Me P.1110 production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
3 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannons in nose assembly.
(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0
Me P.1110 - Base Series Designation/
Me P.1110/I - Initial offering with side-mounted intakes
Me P.1110/II - Secondary offering with annular intake arrangement.
Me P.1110 "Ente" ("Duck") - Highly revised for with forward-mounted nose cockpit, canard foreplants and aft mainplanes.
Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry.
Rating is out of a possible 100 points.
Relative Maximum Speed
This entry's maximum listed speed (631mph).
Graph average of 563 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era Span
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.
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