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Keystone XLB-3


Prototype Light Bomber Biplane [ 1927 ]



The Keystone XLB-3 was a twin-engine prototype form of the earlier Huff-Daland LB-1 model of 1923.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/26/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

GO TO SPECIFICATIONS [+]
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As promising as the performance jump from the Martin MB-2 to the Huff-Daland LB-1 series was, Army authorities were not convinced of the merits of a single-engine bomber form. Instead, they elected to pursue a twin-engine variant of the design from Huff-Daland as the "XLB-3". With a twin-engine layout, the crew nacelle was now cleared of complex operating systems which allowed engineers to introduce additional storage and crew operating space - adding a whole new crewmember to the original staff of four. The biplane wing arrangement was retained and each engine drove a two-bladed propeller. All other functions of the aircraft were largely carried over from the preceding design.

The original XLB-3 was outfitted with 2 x Allison VG-1410 (a variant of the "Liberty 12") air-cooled inverted V12 engines of 400 horsepower (each) and it was this prototype form that was handed to the United States Army Air Corps for formal testing in 1927. The crew included two pilots, a bombardier, and two dedicated machine gunners. The defensive gun network included five trainable .303 Lewis machine guns while the offensive bombload carried reached 2,205 lb.

However, performance of the original prototype was less than that of the preceding single-engine LB-1 design which forced a revision of the XLB-3 to become the XLB-3A. This mark was modified through the installation of a pair of Pratt & Whitney R-1340 radial piston engines of 410 horsepower. Beyond that, the design stayed largely faithful to the original offering.

Despite the engine change, the required performance was still lacking and USAAC interest waned as it moved on the related LB-5 instead. The LB-5 found a bit more success in that it was procured in 36 examples from Keystone. Keystone Aircraft Corporation was formed from the purchase of Huff-Daland by Hayden, Stone & Company. Keystone then fell under the Curtiss-Wright brand label from 1929 onwards until its services were terminated in 1932.

Only a single XLB-3 aircraft was ever completed.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.
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Specifications



Service Year
1927

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Crew
5

Production
1
UNITS


Keystone Aircraft Corporation . Huff-Daland Aero Corporation - USA
(View other Aviaton-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of the United States United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.


Length
45.0 ft
(13.72 m)
Width/Span
67.0 ft
(20.42 m)
Height
16.8 ft
(5.13 m)
Empty Wgt
6,074 lb
(2,755 kg)
MTOW
11,718 lb
(5,315 kg)
Wgt Diff
+5,644 lb
(+2,560 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Keystone XLB-3 production variant)
Installed: 2 x Pratt & Whitney R-1340 engines developing 410 horsepower each.
Max Speed
116 mph
(186 kph | 100 kts)
Ceiling
11,155 ft
(3,400 m | 2 mi)
Range
541 mi
(870 km | 1,611 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
550 ft/min
(168 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Keystone XLB-3 production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
STANDARD:
2 x .303 Lewis machine guns in nose on trainable mounting
2 x .303 Lewis machine guns in dorsal cockpit position on trainable mounting.
1 x .303 Lewis machine gun in ventral position on trainable mounting.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 2,205 lb of conventional drop bombs.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 6


XLB-3 - Base Series Designation; original designation when fitted with 2 x Allison VG-1410 air-cooled inverted V12 engines.
XLB-3A - Re-engined with 2 x Pratt & Whitney R-1340 radial piston engines.


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Image from the National Museum of the United States Air Force, Dayton, Ohio USA.


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