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IAI Harop (Harpy)


Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)


Israel | 2005



"The IAI Harop is a disposable half-UAV, half-missile drone system with inherent surveillance capabilities."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/22/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Very few military-related fields are advancing as quickly as unmanned systems - Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) typically referred in mass media as "drones". Dedicated attack forms have also emerged under the Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) classification and now Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has showcased a disposable attack UCAV with inherent surveillance features as part of its general design - the IAI "Harop" ("Harpy").

The Harop is a part-UAV, part-missile development in which the entire aircraft becomes an attack weapon upon spotting a target of opportunity. It is, in essence, a hunting missile driven by a ground-based pilot representative. In this fashion, the Harop is a complete "hunter-killer" UCAV system that can loiter in a given area, survey enemy movements, and hunt for critical targets. Communications and data (including video) are relayed to the ground control operator in real time as in other UAV platforms. Swooping in, Harop then becomes its own strike weapon to which the operator lowers the aircraft into a suspected/indentified enemy target with a primary payload being a 51lb warhead to maximize damage. The Harop is designed with an abort feature that will quickly allow the aircraft to break its engagement diving envelope if need be and return to its scouting role in short order. It is also not restricted to over-land attacks of stationary targets for it can be equally unleashed on moving, ocean-going targets over-water.

Externally, the Harop appears as a sort of science fiction fighter aircraft. Its bulbous nose assembly houses the warhead as well as the optics set under the chin. Canard foreplanes are also featured along the nose section. The fuselage is blended into the wing structure with swept leading edges seen on the primary wing sections. Wing extensions are fitted outboard of the twin vertical tail gins and these appear to sport a near-forward-swept look. A single, conventional engine is seated at the extreme rear-center of the design driving a two-bladed engine in a "pusher" configuration. The aircraft is launched from a prepared container and extends its outboard wing sections upon launch.

Characteristics include a length of 8 feet, 2 inches and wingspan of 9 feet, 10 inches. Range is said to be in the 1,000 kilometer range or up to six hours of flight time, providing a good reach or loitering window for the operator.

To date, the Harop has been exported to a handful of Asian countries though a Ukrainian sale was abandoned due to political pressure from Russia during its war with its neighbor and former Soviet client state.

Azerbaijan used Israeli Harop attack drones to good effect in its "Four Day War" against Armenia in 2016.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).
1 x Conventional engine driving a two-bladed propeller in a "pusher" configuration.
Propulsion
621 miles
1,000 km | 540 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).
0
(UNMANNED)
Crew
8.2 ft
2.50 m
O/A Length
9.8 ft
(3.00 m)
O/A Width
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) .
51lb Warhead Payload.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the IAI Harop (Harpy) family line.
Harop (Harpy) - Base Series Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the IAI Harop (Harpy). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 125 Units

Contractor(s): Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) - Israel
National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of China National flag of India National flag of Israel National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of South Korea National flag of Turkey National flag of Uzbekistan

[ Azerbaijan; China; India; Israel; Kazakhstan; South Korea; Turkey; Uzbekistan ]
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Production Comparison
125
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 2
Image of the IAI Harop (Harpy)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
2 / 2
Image of the IAI Harop (Harpy)
Image from official Israel Aerospace Industries marketing material.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
RECONNAISSANCE
UNMANNED
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) appears in the following collections:
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